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Mannerism & Baroque
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Mannerism & Baroque

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  • 1. Mannerism, Baroque, & Rococo
  • 2. Northern Art
    • A refresher:
      • Middle Class had money to spend on art
      • Art depicted the common man at work and at play (rather than raising them to the level of gods like Michelangelo did)
      • Also included still life paintings, landscapes, and portraits
      • Key Artists: Van Eyck, Bosch, Bruegel, Vermeer, Rembrandt
  • 3. Mannerism
    • = Late 16 th -century (the bridge between Renaissance and Baroque art)
    • The Ninja Turtle artists had mastered reality, so how do you top that?
    • Mannerists tried emphasizing style (“manner”) over substance.
      • Show off technique & smooth brushwork
      • Figures twist and squirm so the artist can show off
  • 4. Parmigianino, The Madonna with Long Neck , 1535
  • 5. Baroque Art
    • Time Split:
    • Renaissance = simplicity & balance
    • Baroque = charged with emotions
    • -------------
    • Geography Split:
    • Northern Protestants painted simple scenes
    • Southern Europe went over-the-top exuberant
  • 6.
    • Large canvases
    • Bright colors
    • Lots of flesh
    • Rippling motion
    • Wild emotions
    • Grand themes
    • and pudgy winged babies
      • = Baroque!
  • 7. Bernini (1598-1680)
    • Practically invented Baroque
    • Rome is covered with fountains and sculptures by him.
    • Makes supernatural events realistic
    • Captures the action at the most dramatic, emotional moment
    • Sculpted scenes, rather than stand-alone individuals
    • Classical themes (Catholic/Greek Myths)
  • 8. Bernini Apollo and Daphne 1622
  • 9. Bernini Ecstasy of St. Theresa 1647
  • 10. Bernini David 1623
  • 11. Rubens (1577-1640)
    • Peter Paul Rubens: Painting :: Bernini: Sculpture
    • Loved giant canvases – larger-than-life scale
    • Loved any scenes that would get your blood pumping – battles, miracles, hunts, rapes, and especially fleshy women (“Rubenesque”) modeled after his wife.
  • 12. Rubens The Rape of the Daughters of Leucippus 1618
  • 13. Rubens The Massacre of the Innocents 1636
  • 14. Carvaggio (1573-1610)
    • Lived on the edge of society – he killed a man over an argument in a tennis match and spent years as an outlaw
    • Instead of prettiness, Carvaggio emphasized grittiness.
    • Strong contrast between light and dark (Rembrandt learned this trick from him)
    • Not flattering light – more like harsh interrogation light
  • 15. Carvaggio David with the Head of Goliath 1605
  • 16. Velazquez (1599-1660)
    • Court painter for Spain
    • Became the king’s friend and art teacher!
    • Instead of the exuberant scenes from the other Baroque guys, Velazquez painted mostly portraits.
  • 17. Velazquez Las Meninas (the Maids of Honor) 1656
  • 18. Versailles
  • 19. Versailles: The Palace of Palaces
    • Capital of France from 1682-1789
    • Cost = 6 months of France’s total income
    • A feat of landscaping: swamps filled in, hills moved, a river re-routed
    • All Baroque style (gold, ornate, painted, etc.)
    • Manicured, perfect gardens with 1,500 fountains
    • A zoo of exotic animals!
    • The famous Hall of Mirrors
  • 20.  
  • 21. The Hall of Mirrors
    • Mirrors were still a luxery and this place had 17 mirrors stretched over 250 feet!
    • It’s no longer a sin to be proud of good looks and fine clothes.
    • The Hall is also where Otto von Bismark declared the establishment of the Germany empire and where the Treaty of Versailles was signed to end WWI.
  • 22.
    • The foreign monarchs and rulers who visited Versailles wanted their own versions.
    • Their spin-offs and the art that came under Louis XV was called…
  • 23. Rococo
    • Style of the 18 th Century (that’s the 1700s)
    • Like Baroque that’s been run through the wash - Lighter, frillier, and more delicate with pastel colors
    • Paintings show rosy-cheeked lords and ladies at play in classical gardens among the gods
  • 24. Jean-Honore Fragonard The Swing 1767
  • 25. Francois Boucher The Toilette of Venus 1751
  • 26.  
  • 27.