Greek Theater

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Greek Theater

  1. 1. Greek Theater
  2. 2. Parts of a Greek Theater
  3. 3. Theater of Dionysus
  4. 5. The Odeon of Herodes
  5. 6. Common Elements <ul><li>Machina , a crane that gave the impression of a flying actor (thus, deus ex machina ). </li></ul><ul><li>Ekkyklema , a wheeled wagon used to bring dead characters into view for the audience </li></ul><ul><li>Trap doors , or similar openings in the ground to lift people onto the stage </li></ul>
  6. 7. Masks <ul><li>Were used to </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distinguish characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exaggerate facial features for the audience to see </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Amplify sound </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. Melpomene Thalia
  8. 9. Types of Plays <ul><li>Comedies (to amuse the audience) </li></ul><ul><li>Satyr Plays (to make fun of something serious) </li></ul><ul><li>Tragedies (to teach the audience) </li></ul>
  9. 10. Comedy <ul><li>Characters you can laugh at </li></ul><ul><li>Blunders, misunderstandings, and bad situations that cause no real pain or damage </li></ul><ul><li>Aristophanes = the father of comedy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Frogs ( Youtube – Invocation ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lysistrata </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. Satyr Play <ul><li>Featured choruses of satyrs </li></ul><ul><li>A parody of a myth </li></ul><ul><li>Were filled with (mock) drunkenness, sex, pranks, silliness and merriment </li></ul><ul><li>(Think PG-13 movies today) </li></ul>
  11. 12. Tragedy <ul><li>A central character (the tragic hero) </li></ul><ul><li>Suffers some serious non-accidental misfortune </li></ul><ul><li>That is logically connected with the hero's actions (often hubris ) </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about humans who suffer by a combination of human and divine actions, but generally don’t deserve the harshness of the suffering. </li></ul><ul><li>Many tragedies end in misery for the characters, </li></ul><ul><li>But there are also tragedies with a satisfying solution, too. </li></ul>
  12. 13. Sophocles <ul><li>c. 497-406 BC </li></ul><ul><li>1 of 3 Greek Tragedians whose work survives to today </li></ul><ul><li>Wrote the Theban plays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Oedipus Rex </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Oedipus at Colonus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Antigone </li></ul></ul>

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