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Egypt Besides the Pyramids
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Egypt Besides the Pyramids

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Egypt Besides the Pyramids Egypt Besides the Pyramids Presentation Transcript

  • Besides the Pyramids Other Egyptian Architecture
  • But first!
    • Let’s Clarify Something
  • A Ziggurat
  • A Step Pyramid
  • And these are pyramids
  • Okay, now we can move on.
  • Obelisks
    • Think Washington Monument 
    • Dedicated to the sun god Ra (to which they point)
    • Carved with hieroglyphics honoring whatever Pharaoh was current
    • Tapered monoliths (remember that word?)
    • Also a great souvenir!
    • When Egypt was conquered by foreigners, the troops would take the obelisks home….
  • Rome, Italy
  • Istanbul, Turkey
  • Paris, France
  • London, England
  • Central Park, New York City
  • But there are still some in Egypt (Temple in Thebes)
  • Temples
    • Step 1: Choose a god
    • Step 2: Build a big doorway
    • Step 3: Flank it with obelisks and statues of pharaohs and gods
    • Step 4: Add more columns in a hall of huge pillars
    • Step 5: Finish with a shrine to that god (a statue on a pedestal), plus a few extra rooms for the priests.
  • Temple at Luxor (not Vegas)
    • Egypt had a lot of clay (Nile!), so the temples were made of thick brick walls
    • Outsides were etched and painted with hieroglyphics and other symbols
    • The roof was made of stone slabs (not much wood in Egypt)
    • To support the stone slabs, they used thick stone columns placed close together.
    • = Post-and-Lintel architecture
  • Post and Lintel Two vertical beams (posts) + One horizontal beam (lintel)
  • Ramesseum Memorial Tomb of Ramses II c. 1250 BC
  • Hypostyle Hall at the Temple of Amen-Re
    • (1280 BC)
    • In Karnak, Luxor
    • A Tour
  •  
  • Columns were often carved like Lotus Flowers (symbol of Lower Egypt), the Papyrus (Upper Egypt), or both entwined together
  • Queen Hatshepsut’s Temple c. 1450 BC
  • And finally, the Great Sphinx of Giza
    • c. 2550 BC
    • It is the largest monolith statue in the world
    • It is the oldest known monumental sculpture,
    • Is commonly believed to have been built in the reign of the pharaoh Khafra/Khafre
  •