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Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)

Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond)






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    Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond) Art of the 20th Century (and Beyond) Presentation Transcript

    • 20 th Century Art
    • Why is it so… weird?
      • Think of how much and how quickly the world has changed in the last 110 years.
      • Modern art is a reflection of that turbulence.
      • Cameras make realistic art obsolete.
      • Mass production makes art marketable
      • Like the mannerists who followed Michelangelo and co., the artists of the 20 th century valued originality and innovation over just beauty.
        • If you can’t please the public, shock it.
      • Realistic doesn’t equal “good” art. Instead, go back to the 4 questions:
        • What do I see?
        • What do I know about what I see?
        • What was the artist trying to do/say?
        • How successful was he/she?
    • The Moderns 1900-1914
      • Matisse
      • Not realistic
        • Simple lines & figures
        • Bright colors
        • Not concerned about distance /three-dimensionality
      La Danse , 1910
    • Fauves “Wild Beasts”
      • French artists Inspired by African and Oceanic art
      • = Modern art that looks primitive
      Derain, Landscape at Cassis, 1907
    • Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
      • The master of many styles and mediums
      • Early paintings are very realistic
      • The most famous and the greatest artist of the 20 th century
      Science and Charity , 1897
      • Painted the outcasts of society; lived in total poverty.
      • Went through periods of color dominance:
        • The Blue Period
        • The Rose Period
      • With his friend, Georges Braque, developed Cubism
      Life , 1903
    • Les Demoiselles d’Avignon 1907
    • Cubism
      • Shatter a glass sculpture, pick up the pieces, glue them on a canvas = Cubism!
      • Shows several different perspectives of the same subject at the same time
      • Like a round world sliced up to show all the parts.
      • (Remember, this is the same time that Einstein’s coming up with the theory of relativity/the 4 th dimension!)
      • Background and foreground overlap, the subject dissolves into pattern.
    • Carafe, Jug, and Fruit Bowl 1909
    • L’Accordeoniste , 1911
    • Guernica 1937
      • On April 27, 1937, Franco (Spain’s dictator) gave Hitler permission to test their new air bombs on a village in northern Spain, Guernica.
      When Picasso read accounts of it in the newspapers, he immediately began the plans for the 286 square-foot mural, Guernica.
    • Guernica
    • Abstract Art
      • Simplifies things – a man = a stick figure, a squiggle = a wave, red = anger
      • It’s about symbolism, capturing the essence of reality in a few lines and colors
      • Think “visual music” (this is when jazz was developed in America)
    • Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944)
      • Patterns that are just beautiful, even if they don’t “mean” anything
      • Composition VII , 1913
    • Piet Mondrain Composition with Yellow, Blue and Red, 1937-1942 Painting at its most basic elements: black lines + white canvas + primary colors
    • Henry Moore 1898-1986 “Carved the human body with the epic scale and restless poses of Michelangelo but with the crude rocks and simple lines of the Primitives.”
    • Expressionism
      • WWI left 10 million dead and killed the optimism and faith in mankind that lead Europe since the Renaissance.
      • Postwar Europe = Cynicism and decadence
      • Artists “expressed” their disgust by showing a distorted reality that emphasized the ugly.
      • - Lurid colors and simplified figures of the Fauves, but with a haunted, harsh tone.
    • The Scream , Edvard Munch, 1893 (during the Post-Impressionist period, but still a model of Expressionism)
    • Compare the two versions of terror, less than 75 years apart.
    • Dada
      • Artistic grief became twisted humor
      • + resentment of the bourgeoisie/pompous intellectuals
      • = Art that is outrageous, offensive, and meant to give traditional culture the finger.
    • Fountain , Marcel Duchamp, 1917
    • Surrealism
      • “Beyond realism” – a mixed bag of reality
      • A juxtaposition of images that you have to try to connect.
      • If it doesn’t connect, then the artist has still forced you to think in new ways = success!
      • Sigmund Freud also came along, introducing the idea of the subconscious and the importance of dreams.
    • Salvador Dali (1904-1989)
      • Most famous surrealist
      • Painted, with amazing realism, “random” objects to create an emotional punch.
    • Dali, Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening , 1944
    • Dali, Madonna of Port Lligat , 1940
    • The Persistence of Memory , 1931
    • Dali, The Persistence of Memory , 1931
    • The Treachery of Images , 1929
    • Guernica = A blend of Surrealism and Cubism
    • And then…
      • World War II
      • Art = Propaganda
    • Abstract Expressionism
      • Expressing emotions using only color and form
      • The act of creation becomes more important than the final product
    • Jackson Pollock, The She Wolf , 1943
    • Pollock, Silver over Black, White, Yellow, and Red , 1948
    • Pop Art
      • The consumer = king!
      • Art created from “pop”-ular objects, mocking pop culture by embracing it.
    • Andy Warhol (1928-1987) Campbell’s Soup Cans , 1962 Marilyn Monroe , 1962
    • Ray Lichtenstein (1923-1997) Drowning Girl , 1963
    • Post-Modernism 1970-present
      • Art = big business
      • Every object can be artistic, it just depends on context
      • Installations : An artist takes over an entire room
      • Assemblages : Recycle trash into larger sculptures
      • Natural Objects : Art from nature’s objects
      • Interaction : Viewer participation
      • Conceptual Art : The idea/concept is the key
      • Deconstruction: Changing the familiar/Put a familiar object in a new setting
      • Performance Art : Mixed-media live performance
    • Installation Art Rachel Whiteread, Embankment , 2005
    • Assemblages Raoul Hausmann, Mechanical Head , 1920
    • Natural Art Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty (The Great Salt Lake), 1970
    • Interactive Art
    • Conceptual Art Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs , 1965
    • Christo and Jean-Claude, The Gates , 2005 Christo and Jean-Claude, The Umbrellas , 1991 Deconstruction
    • Performance Art Video Clip: “Over the Moon”, from the play Rent , Jonathan Larsen