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20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
20th Century Art
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20th Century Art

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  • 1. 20 th Century Art
  • 2. Why is it so… weird? <ul><li>Think of how much and how quickly the world has changed in the last 110 years. </li></ul><ul><li>Modern art is a reflection of that turbulence. </li></ul><ul><li>Cameras make realistic art obsolete. </li></ul><ul><li>Mass production makes art marketable </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Like the mannerists who followed Michelangelo and co., the artists of the 20 th century valued originality and innovation over just beauty. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If you can’t please the public, shock it. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Realistic doesn’t equal “good” art. Instead, go back to the 4 questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What do I see? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What do I know about what I see? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What was the artist trying to do/say? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How successful was he/she? </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. The Moderns 1900-1914 <ul><li>Matisse </li></ul><ul><li>Not realistic </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple lines & figures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bright colors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not concerned about distance /three-dimensionality </li></ul></ul>La Danse , 1910
  • 5. Fauves “Wild Beasts” <ul><li>French artists Inspired by African and Oceanic art </li></ul><ul><li>= Modern art that looks primitive </li></ul>Derain, Landscape at Cassis, 1907
  • 6. Pablo Picasso 1881-1973
  • 7. <ul><li>The master of many styles and mediums </li></ul><ul><li>Early paintings are very realistic </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous and the greatest artist of the 20 th century </li></ul>Science and Charity , 1897
  • 8. <ul><li>Painted the outcasts of society; lived in total poverty. </li></ul><ul><li>Went through periods of color dominance: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Blue Period </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Rose Period </li></ul></ul><ul><li>With his friend, Georges Braque, developed Cubism </li></ul>Life , 1903
  • 9. Cubism <ul><li>Shatter a glass sculpture, pick up the pieces, glue them on a canvas = Cubism! </li></ul><ul><li>Shows several different perspectives of the same subject at the same time </li></ul><ul><li>Like a round world sliced up to show all the parts. </li></ul><ul><li>(Remember, this is the same time that Einstein’s coming up with the theory of relativity/the 4 th dimension!) </li></ul><ul><li>Background and foreground overlap, the subject dissolves into pattern. </li></ul>
  • 10. Les Demoiselles d’Avignon 1907
  • 11. Carafe, Jug, and Fruit Bowl 1909
  • 12. L’Accordeoniste , 1911
  • 13.  
  • 14. Guernica 1937 <ul><li>On April 27, 1937, Franco (Spain’s dictator) gave Hitler permission to test their new air bombs on a village in northern Spain, Guernica. </li></ul>When Picasso read accounts of it in the newspapers, he immediately began the plans for the 286 square-foot mural, Guernica.
  • 15. Guernica
  • 16. Abstract Art <ul><li>Simplifies things – a man = a stick figure, a squiggle = a wave, red = anger </li></ul><ul><li>It’s about symbolism, capturing the essence of reality in a few lines and colors </li></ul><ul><li>Think “visual music” (this is when jazz was developed in America) </li></ul>
  • 17. Wassily Kandinsky (1866-1944) <ul><li>Patterns that are just beautiful, even if they don’t “mean” anything </li></ul><ul><li>Composition VII , 1913 </li></ul>
  • 18. Piet Mondrain (1872-1944) Composition with Yellow, Blue and Red, 1937-1942 Painting at its most basic elements: black lines + white canvas + primary colors
  • 19. Henry Moore 1898-1986 “Carved the human body with the epic scale and restless poses of Michelangelo but with the crude rocks and simple lines of the Primitives.”
  • 20. Expressionism <ul><li>WWI left 10 million dead and killed the optimism and faith in mankind that lead Europe since the Renaissance. </li></ul><ul><li>Postwar Europe = Cynicism and decadence </li></ul><ul><li>Artists “expressed” their disgust by showing a distorted reality that emphasized the ugly. </li></ul><ul><li>- Lurid colors and simplified figures of the Fauves, but with a haunted, harsh tone. </li></ul>
  • 21. The Scream , Edvard Munch, 1893 (during the Post-Impressionist period, but still a model of Expressionism)
  • 22. Compare the two versions of terror, less than 75 years apart.
  • 23. Dada <ul><li>Artistic grief became twisted humor </li></ul><ul><li>+ resentment of the bourgeoisie/pompous intellectuals </li></ul><ul><li>= Art that is outrageous, offensive, and meant to give traditional culture the finger. </li></ul>
  • 24. Fountain , Marcel Duchamp, 1917
  • 25. Duchamp Nude Descending a Stair No. 2 1912
  • 26. Surrealism <ul><li>“Beyond realism” – a mixed bag of reality </li></ul><ul><li>A juxtaposition of images that you have to try to connect. </li></ul><ul><li>If it doesn’t connect, then the artist has still forced you to think in new ways = success! </li></ul><ul><li>Sigmund Freud also came along, introducing the idea of the subconscious and the importance of dreams. </li></ul>
  • 27. Salvador Dali (1904-1989) <ul><li>Most famous surrealist </li></ul><ul><li>Painted, with amazing realism, “random” objects to create an emotional punch. </li></ul>
  • 28. Dali, Dream Caused by the Flight of a Bee Around a Pomegranate a Second Before Awakening , 1944
  • 29. Dali, Madonna of Port Lligat , 1940
  • 30. Dali, The Persistence of Memory , 1931
  • 31. Rene Magritte 1898-1967 The Son of Man , 1964
  • 32. The Treachery of Images , 1929
  • 33.  
  • 34. M.C. Escher (1898-1972) Drawing Hands , 1948
  • 35. Relativity, 1953
  • 36. A Blending <ul><li>Keep in mind that most artists worked in a variety of styles. </li></ul><ul><li>For example… </li></ul>
  • 37. Guernica = A blend of Surrealism and Cubism
  • 38. Marc Chagall (1887-1985) I and the Village, 1911 Cubism + Fauvism + Expressionism
  • 39. And then… <ul><li>World War II </li></ul><ul><li>Art = Propaganda </li></ul>
  • 40. Abstract Expressionism <ul><li>Expressing emotions using only color and form </li></ul><ul><li>The act of creation becomes more important than the final product </li></ul>
  • 41. Jackson Pollock, The She Wolf , 1943
  • 42. Pollock, Silver over Black, White, Yellow, and Red , 1948
  • 43. Pop Art <ul><li>The consumer = king! </li></ul><ul><li>Art created from “pop”-ular objects, mocking pop culture by embracing it. </li></ul>
  • 44. Andy Warhol (1928-1987) Campbell’s Soup Cans , 1962 Marilyn Monroe , 1962
  • 45. Ray Lichtenstein (1923-1997) Drowning Girl , 1963
  • 46. Post-Modernism 1970-present <ul><li>Art = big business </li></ul><ul><li>Every object can be artistic, it just depends on context </li></ul>
  • 47. <ul><li>Installations : An artist takes over an entire room </li></ul><ul><li>Assemblages : Recycle trash into larger sculptures </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Objects : Art from nature’s objects </li></ul><ul><li>Conceptual Art : The idea/concept is the key </li></ul><ul><li>Deconstruction: Changing the familiar/Put a </li></ul><ul><li>familiar object in a new setting </li></ul><ul><li>Interaction : Viewer participation </li></ul><ul><li>Performance Art : Mixed-media live performance </li></ul>
  • 48. Installation Art Rachel Whiteread, Embankment , 2005
  • 49. Assemblages Raoul Hausmann, Mechanical Head , 1920
  • 50. Natural Art Robert Smithson, Spiral Jetty (The Great Salt Lake), 1970
  • 51. Conceptual Art Joseph Kosuth, One and Three Chairs , 1965
  • 52. Christo and Jean-Claude, The Gates , 2005 Christo and Jean-Claude, The Umbrellas , 1991 Deconstruction
  • 53.  
  • 54. Christo’s Proposed “ Over the River” Colorado Project (2013?)
  • 55. Interactive Art Marina Abramovic
  • 56. Performance Art Video Clips: Over the Moon , from the play Rent , Jonathan Larsen Paintjam , Dan Dunn Frozen Grand Central , ImprovEverywhere

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