Un Ece Presentation Dec 2009 Final


Published on

Published in: Business, Technology
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • .
  • Un Ece Presentation Dec 2009 Final

    1. 1. UN-ECE 4th Regional Implementation Meeting 1-2 December, 2009 Thematic Cluster: Mining Patrick Chevalier Director Minerals, Metals & Materials Policy Branch Natural Resources Canada
    2. 2. Importance of Mining <ul><li>Contribution to society: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential materials; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining the source of all raw materials. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>All regions of the ECE engaged </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mining important to the several ECE economies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Importance highly variable across the region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World attention typically focused on problems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits ignored or misunderstood </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Contribution to Sustainable Development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Benefits remain available to future generations </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Mining Life-cycle Society’s Need for Minerals and Metals Exploration Site Development Extraction Mining <ul><li>Ore extracted </li></ul><ul><li>Land reclamation initiated </li></ul><ul><li>Mine closed </li></ul><ul><li>Land available for other uses </li></ul>Milling Concentrating <ul><li>Some industrial minerals sold directly (i.e., salt & sand) </li></ul>Minerals & Metals Processing, Smelting & Refining Semi- Fabrication & Fabricating Consumption Use Return to the environment Obsolescence
    4. 4. Issues related to mining <ul><li>Environmental footprint: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Land-use planning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Waste management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ecosystem risk management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mine closure and rehabilitation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social licence to operate: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distribution of benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate Social Responsibility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Challenge is to transform mineral resource potential while: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Creating sustainable benefits; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Addressing social needs; and </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protecting the environment </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. Environmental Protection <ul><li>Potential issues associated with mining: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>water use/ water quality, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>waste rock dumps, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>tailings storage areas, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hazardous materials </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best practice now requires: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>environmental assessments throughout entire life-cycle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>financial surety instruments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>long-term monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protection and enhancement of biodiversity </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Key is long-term planning at all stages </li></ul>
    6. 6. Social Dimension <ul><li>Potential issues associated with mining: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>human rights, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>land acquisition, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>indigenous peoples/cultural heritage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>labour and working conditions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>International instruments developed to drive improvement on social issues: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ILO Conventions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UN Universal Declaration on Human Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Global Reporting Initiative (GRI) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary Principles on Security & Human Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Equator Principles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Importance of local engagement </li></ul>
    7. 7. Sustainable Benefits Science Technology Exploration Geoscience Suppliers Mining Smelters Refineries Governance Policy Equity financing Professional schools <ul><li>Mining as an engine for growth: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>direct and indirect employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>capital markets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More than just taxes and royalties </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wages and benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchase of goods and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate programmes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Distribution of benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfers to local and regional level </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transparency/Accountability </li></ul><ul><li>Good governance is essential </li></ul>
    8. 8. Intergovernmental Forum <ul><li>Established in 2005 </li></ul><ul><li>Open to UN members with an interest in mining </li></ul><ul><li>Objective to improve, enhance and promote the contribution of mining to sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>43 Countries – Observers and links to others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>6 countries from the ECE region </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developing a policy framework for mining to be delivered to the UN-CSD in 2011. </li></ul><ul><li>Seeks to encourage the UN and </li></ul><ul><li>donor agencies to return to providing </li></ul><ul><li>development capacity assistance </li></ul><ul><li>in the mining sector </li></ul>
    9. 9. Key Messages <ul><li>Mining can contribute to sustainable development </li></ul><ul><li>Requires good governance to address </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental considerations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social concerns </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Measures to create lasting benefits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Best Practice in mining requires: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multi-stakeholder consultation and dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transparency/access to information. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corporate social responsibility & environmental stewardship </li></ul></ul>