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Un Ece Presentation Dec 2009 Final

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    • 1. UN-ECE 4th Regional Implementation Meeting 1-2 December, 2009 Thematic Cluster: Mining Patrick Chevalier Director Minerals, Metals & Materials Policy Branch Natural Resources Canada
    • 2. Importance of Mining
      • Contribution to society:
        • Essential materials;
        • Mining the source of all raw materials.
      • All regions of the ECE engaged
        • Mining important to the several ECE economies
        • Importance highly variable across the region
      • World attention typically focused on problems
        • Benefits ignored or misunderstood
      • Contribution to Sustainable Development
        • Benefits remain available to future generations
    • 3. Mining Life-cycle Society’s Need for Minerals and Metals Exploration Site Development Extraction Mining
      • Ore extracted
      • Land reclamation initiated
      • Mine closed
      • Land available for other uses
      Milling Concentrating
      • Some industrial minerals sold directly (i.e., salt & sand)
      Minerals & Metals Processing, Smelting & Refining Semi- Fabrication & Fabricating Consumption Use Return to the environment Obsolescence
    • 4. Issues related to mining
      • Environmental footprint:
        • Land-use planning
        • Waste management
        • Ecosystem risk management
        • Mine closure and rehabilitation
      • Social licence to operate:
        • Distribution of benefits
        • Corporate Social Responsibility
      • Challenge is to transform mineral resource potential while:
        • Creating sustainable benefits;
        • Addressing social needs; and
        • Protecting the environment
    • 5. Environmental Protection
      • Potential issues associated with mining:
        • water use/ water quality,
        • waste rock dumps,
        • tailings storage areas,
        • hazardous materials
      • Best practice now requires:
        • environmental assessments throughout entire life-cycle
        • financial surety instruments
        • long-term monitoring
        • protection and enhancement of biodiversity
      • Key is long-term planning at all stages
    • 6. Social Dimension
      • Potential issues associated with mining:
        • human rights,
        • land acquisition,
        • indigenous peoples/cultural heritage
        • labour and working conditions
      • International instruments developed to drive improvement on social issues:
        • ILO Conventions
        • UN Universal Declaration on Human Rights
        • Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
        • Voluntary Principles on Security & Human Rights
        • Equator Principles
      • Importance of local engagement
    • 7. Sustainable Benefits Science Technology Exploration Geoscience Suppliers Mining Smelters Refineries Governance Policy Equity financing Professional schools
      • Mining as an engine for growth:
        • direct and indirect employment
        • infrastructure
        • innovation
        • capital markets
      • More than just taxes and royalties
        • wages and benefits
        • Purchase of goods and services
        • Corporate programmes
      • Distribution of benefits
        • Transfers to local and regional level
      • Transparency/Accountability
      • Good governance is essential
    • 8. Intergovernmental Forum
      • Established in 2005
      • Open to UN members with an interest in mining
      • Objective to improve, enhance and promote the contribution of mining to sustainable development
      • 43 Countries – Observers and links to others
        • 6 countries from the ECE region
      • Developing a policy framework for mining to be delivered to the UN-CSD in 2011.
      • Seeks to encourage the UN and
      • donor agencies to return to providing
      • development capacity assistance
      • in the mining sector
    • 9. Key Messages
      • Mining can contribute to sustainable development
      • Requires good governance to address
        • Environmental considerations
        • Social concerns
        • Measures to create lasting benefits
      • Best Practice in mining requires:
        • Multi-stakeholder consultation and dialogue
        • Transparency/access to information.
        • Corporate social responsibility & environmental stewardship