Groundnut value chain analysis in mali

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Groundnut value chain analysis in mali

  1. 1. Groundnut Value Chain in Mali: A qualitative Analysis J. Ndjeunga, C. Narrod, M. Tiongco, Bamory, O. Kodio,, P. Trench, A. TraoreExploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  2. 2. Definition of value chain • A value chain can be defined as “the full range of activities which are required to bring a product or service from conception, through the different phases of production (involving a combination of physical transformation and the input of various producer services), delivery to final customers, and final disposal after use” (Kaplinsky, R. and M. Morris (2001).Exploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  3. 3. Objectives • identify critical points along the value chain that need to be monitored for Aflatoxin levels; and, • identify policy and institutional hindrances to the value chain efficiency as well as the business service providers available to value chain actors.Exploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  4. 4. Methodology Groundnut market will be mapped using • Focus group interview with stakeholders in the enabling environment, the value chain actors and the business and extension servicesExploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  5. 5. Market map showing the three inter-linked components (Source: Hellin et al. 2005)
  6. 6. Market mapThe Market Map is made upof three inter-linkedcomponents:• Enabling environment (infrastructure and policies, institutions and processes that shape the market environment);• Value chain actors; and,• Service providers (the business development or extension services that support the value chains’ operations)
  7. 7. The enabling environment • Chamber of Agriculture (advocacy on products) • Chamber of commerce (advocacy on products) • Consumer groups (ASCOMA & RECOMA) • Ministry of Agriculture (quantity and quality of food) • Ministry of Commerce (trade, norms and regulations) • Ministry of Health (health hazards) • Ministry of Economy and Finance (loss of foreign exchange)Exploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  8. 8. Value chain actors in Mali• Farmers producers (at village level)• Retailers (urban – rural)• Rural assemblers• Wholesalers – Rural wholesalers – Urban wholesalers• Processors – Small, – medium and – large processors• Exporters• Consumers
  9. 9. Business and extension services • Transport services (poor infrastructure) • Saving and loan institutions (limited) • Testing laboratories - facilities – ICRISAT – IER – Ministry of Health • Inspection services • AOPPExploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  10. 10. Groundnut market map viewed by value chain actors and key resource persons in the Kita region in Mali Chamber of Consumer groups Ministry of The Enabling Environment Agriculture ASCOMA Agriculture RECOMA Ministry of Economy Ministry of Health Chamber of Ministry of Commerce and Finances ANSA Commerce and Industries Value Chain Actors and Relationships Urban Wholesalers Rural wholesalers Exporters Medium processors Urban retailers Rural assemblers Urban assemblers Small processors AGROMA Primary producers Urban consumers Rural consumers Rural retailersTransport services Saving and loan Testing laboratories institutions IER Inspection services SLACAER ICRISAT National Health Lab Farmer Marketing University AOPP GroupsBusiness and Extension Services
  11. 11. Value chain actors in Kayes
  12. 12. Traders: groundnut quality indicators & premium 100% clean 20000 FCFA/kg Physical purity 50% rotten 10000 FCFA/kg Hand > 50% bad 5000 FCFA/kg 25 fcfa/kg 100% clean Decorticated Machine 75% cleanForm 50% and less Press the pods Non decorticated Pod lighter color No insect attacks 10000 FCFA/bag 25% attacks 7500 FCFA/bag Decortication > 75% attacks 2500 FCFA/bag Black/darker color Insect attacks – holes; color of pod – dark or black (fungus attack) For pods- decortication often requires
  13. 13. Additional criteria – quality (cont’d)Other parameters include:• variety maturity (early and late maturity),• seed size,• level of variety mixture and• seed colorTraders prefer seed with very low amount ofrottenness or moldy nuts; late maturing variety(easy to pulp), large seeded, red color and nomixture of varieties.
  14. 14. Quality control in storage facilities (1/3)Quality inspectors (Ministry of Commerce) monitor andevaluate the sanitary status of storage facilities• Level of moisture in the storage• Level of impurities in the storage• Bags placement (whether on plastic bag or a pallets)• Separation between products in storage (toxic and non-toxic).
  15. 15. Quality control in storage facilities (2/3)After the storage facility hasbeing evaluated, the storedproducts will be assessed• Bag randomly selected and emptied on a plastic• Sample drawn and evaluated 2/3rd depth in the bag.Groundnut stored usingphostoxin or other insecticidesand can be stored even up to 3years.
  16. 16. Quality control in storage facilities (3/3) If the product is declared good by the inspectors a certificate delivered valid for 1 to 3 months. If the product is declared of bad quality stocks will be seized and sold to groundnut processors.
  17. 17. Product traceability• All bags purchased by rural assemblers are labeled (by writing the name of village on the bag or any other sign) so that the bags can be traced back to the owner or at least the village where it was purchased.
  18. 18. Time in storageValue chain actor MonthsProducers < 6 months (except for seed)Rural assemblers Less than 3 monthsProcessors < 2 monthsWholesalers More than 6 months
  19. 19. Conclusions • Informal norms and standards targeting Aflatoxin do not exist rather quality in general • Storage quality very poor • Gov’t quality control measures exist but poorly enforced • Knowledge of aflatoxin by actors along the value chain very limited • Information flow not well known • Scanty knowledge on regulatory frameworkExploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  20. 20. Thank you
  21. 21. Exploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  22. 22. Exploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali
  23. 23. Exploring the Scope of Cost-Effective Aflatoxin Risk Reduction Strategies in Maize and Groundnut Value Chains so as to Improve Market Access of the Poor in Africa Groundnut value chain analysis in Mali

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