Communicating the findings

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Communicating the findings

  1. 1. Communicating the Findings Sharing the findings Aflacontrol Conference Southern Sun Hotel, Nairobi 30th November 2011 Stanley Guantai / Steve Collins
  2. 2. Why the concern Center for Disease Control has estimated that more than 4.5 billion people in developing countries are chronically exposed to Aflatoxins in their diets. Over 82,000 cases of cancer diagnosed annually mainly due to dietary lifestyles (according to Dr. Mwangi, KNH) The annual recurrence of aflatoxicosis and the loss of life and incomes. Maize is the staple food of preference in Kenya with an estimated consumption of 88 kg. per capita per year. 75 percent of the maize is produced by small scale farmers and most of that is consumed at the household or traded informally within the rural areas. Over 60 percent of the maize is processed using posho mills in the rural and peri-urban centres. Maize standards and grades not applied despite their existence.
  3. 3. The problem  The problem starts at the farm but extended and magnified during handling, conditioning, transporting, storage and packaging.  producers, traders, transporters, processors, retailers and consumers involved.  Consumer awareness is low. - Consumers often buy that with a lower price tag  Business ethics not always practiced.  Health aspects are chronic but not always seen as part of Aflatoxins.  Myths and misinformation abound
  4. 4. Understanding the problem Epidemiological studies and interrelation of findings with mycotoxins. Bring out short term and long term results as relates to acute and chronic effects. By products of livestock fed on mycotoxins contaminated feeds have health effects on the humans. Diversification of food crops and dietary sources. Need for soil mapping and survey (spores found in the soil).
  5. 5. How then to reach out  Work with extension workers, public heath officials, provincial administration, to reach out to producers, traders and consumers.  Start awareness campaigns early before the crop harvest.  Involve women and school children for lasting assimilation.  Follow up with traders and processors  Advise on HCCP at all stages (Simple practical remedial approaches). Over 2,500 households have been trained in PHH and grain bulking.
  6. 6. Reaching out to thegovernment Create close linkage with the Ministry of Agriculture, Public health, Research and institutes of higher learning. If you go it alone there is dissent.  Importance of joint response from public health and ministry of agriculture  What role ministry of trade?  Research not always problem focused but more academic oriented.
  7. 7. Ensuring support  Shared ownership of the problem and the solutions  Meet and consult regularly and at all levels. (carried out 4 briefs).  Simple solutions that officials can use to convey message of hope.  Research to provide viable bio- control methods  Need low cost diagnostic equipment.
  8. 8. Reaching out to producers  Reach out through opinion leaders, provincial administration and extension workers.(26 MoA ToT trained in Kitui County)  (Two ToT in Nakuru and Eldoret (56) and PHH trainings in Bungoma, Bomet, Kisii, Laikipia, Nakuru, Trans Mara, Trans Nzoia and Uasin Gishu carried out under KMDP)  Demystify the problem.  Public barazas, and social gatherings. (3 field days, by MoA in Kaiti)  Use multiple information channels – Mass media, Skits, posters and pamphlets
  9. 9. Traders and processors  Often we demonize the trader yet they bulk, condition, bag and distribute the commodity.  Contamination occur through poor conditioning, handling, storage and packaging.  producer, trader, transporter, processor, retailer and consumer involved.  Need for trained warehousing managers and appropriate storage and conditioning equipment.  (56 Warehouse managers and traders trained in collaboration with Smart logistics and MLI)  Revisit the use of biodegradable packaging (import duty on jute bags and tarpaulins).  Emphasize business ethics as a way of life (Ministry of Trade).
  10. 10. Consumers  Consumer awareness is low and usually guided by affordability.  Consumers do not have an organized forum for advocacy and information.  Educate consumers through mass media and other communication avenues.  Encourage new trends towards traditional foods consumers  Seek cooperation of retailers to adopt Aflatoxins free commodities.
  11. 11. Development partners  Development partners often working tangentially, need to collaborate.  Piece meal approach to problem  No simple solutions availed.  Team work and partnerships a must. (New initiatives, IITA; ILRI & IFPRI)  Food quality and nutrition must be adopted as a component under the food security and Feed the Future strategies.  Website:http://programs.ifpri.org/afla /afla,asp
  12. 12. Issues on Aflatoxins  To day work is on Agronomic aspects:-  Bio-control  Diagnostics and  Post harvest handling  Need work on Health aspects.  Serological, biomarkers  Overall increased awareness maybe driven by health and not only Agronomic aspects.
  13. 13. Way Forward Host government ownership / involvement is critical Problem is regional (CAADP) and global so multilateral engagement is needed. High interest from donors (particularly if near term solutions are available).
  14. 14. Asante Sana  The Aflacontrol team.  USAID  With the support of Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
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