<ul><li>Volti, Unit 4, chapters 16-18: Shaping and Controlling Technology   </li></ul><ul><li>Governing Technology </li></...
<ul><li>Governing Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Pros and cons of living in an information age </li></ul><ul><li>“ Even if t...
<ul><li>Governing Technology, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>“ It seems as though we have struck a bargain whereby we consume the...
<ul><li>What is (or was) Carnivore? </li></ul>TECH 3020  © 2009, DCGiftShop.com
TECH 3020  June 20, 2011
<ul><li>What was the MATRIX? </li></ul><ul><li>Multistate AntiTeRrorism Information eXchange </li></ul><ul><li>Developed p...
What is The USA PATRIOT Act? TECH 3020
PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011 © 2009, BBC
<ul><li>Protect America Act </li></ul><ul><li>Extends reach of Patriot Act </li></ul><ul><li>Allows warrantless surveillan...
If you haven’t done anything wrong, you’ve got nothing to be afraid of TECH 3020
Brandon Mayfield TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011
Brandon Mayfield TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011
Brandon Mayfield, cont. TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011
<ul><li>PATRIOT Act, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-partisan effort in Senate  pushed for revisions  </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual...
PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011 © 2004, NRA © 2009, NRA
PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011
PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011 © 2009, Washington Post
<ul><li>PATRIOT Act, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Significantly increased airport security   </li></ul><ul><li>“ virtual strip ...
Science Fiction: Total Recall  TECH 3020 © 1990, Sony Pictures
TECH 3020 © 1990, Sony Pictures
Science Fact: coming soon to an airport near you TECH 3020 © 2007, CNN
 
TECH 3020
TECH 3020
TECH 3020
TECH 3020
 
TECH 3020
TECH 3020
 
 
 
 
<ul><li>Governing Technology </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are we doomed to the passive acceptance of technological changes that hav...
TECH 3020  Jun 20, 2011
<ul><li>“ The real danger is the gradual erosion of individual liberties through the automation,  integration, and interco...
<ul><li>Governing Technology, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little tem...
<ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Are privacy and security mutually exclusive?  </li></ul><ul><li>In terms of security, ...
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This presentation covers content in Unit 4 of TECH 3020: Technology Systems in Societies, at Bowling Green State University

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  • Packets are small blocks of data that travel across the Internet, and are then assembled into larger blocks Initially used in organized crime cases Renamed DCS1000 “ Packet-sniffer” developed by the FBI Monitored data going to and from specific Internet Service Providers (ISPs) Electronic wire-tap Recently replaced with similar, newer system
  • Required a court order to be installed No one knew the full extent of Carnivore’s capabilities Concerns over how much data was tracked, and what was done with it Electronic Privacy Information Center
  • Combined information about from government and private-sector databases.   Made files available for government officials Combed through files, searching for actions that may have be indicative of terrorist activities. Ohio was one of the last states participating; numerous other states withdrew (TX, CT, CA, etc.) over privacy concerns
  • The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act Approved 10/1/2001, in response to 9/11 attack Significantly increased: Wiretapping Electronic wiretapping Indefinite detaining Unprecedented surveillance powers to law enforcement: Sneak and Peek searches Expanded domestic spying power of CIA Evades the stricter standards of the criminal wiretap laws “ Dragnet approach ” [Carnivore] deployment w/o court orders Specifically targets “immigrants who are suspected terrorists”, though that terms is never actually defined.
  • Former AG Ashcroft: “The American people do not have the luxury of unlimited time in erecting the necessary de-fenses to future terrorist acts. Every day that passes with out-dated statutes and the old rules of engagement is a day that terrorists have a competitive advantage.” ( 11/25/2001 )
  • Brandon Mayfield Kansas lawyer, Muslim convert Former Army Lt. Accused of involvement with subway bombing in Spain, based on partial fingerprint evidence Arrested and jailed for 3 weeks Name &amp; face plastered all over TV, radio, newspapers Fingerprint evidence wrong Mayfield feared for his safety when inmates began to recognize him on the nightly news. “ This whole process has been a harrowing ordeal. It shouldn&apos;t happen to anybody” FBI apologized
  • Brandon Mayfield Kansas lawyer, Muslim convert Former Army Lt. Accused of involvement with subway bombing in Spain, based on partial fingerprint evidence Arrested and jailed for 3 weeks Name &amp; face plastered all over TV, radio, newspapers Fingerprint evidence wrong Mayfield feared for his safety when inmates began to recognize him on the nightly news. “ This whole process has been a harrowing ordeal. It shouldn&apos;t happen to anybody” FBI apologized
  • Recently won lawsuit Awarded $2 million Formal apology by FBI “ The pain and torture and humiliation that this (case) has caused my family is hard to put into words” -- ABC News [break for video clip from Mayfield’s lawyer]
  • “ I have great respect for this administration. But that doesn&apos;t mean I have to agree with confiscating nail clippers from grandmothers and poking magnetic wands up skirts [at airports]” -- Wayne LaPierre, NRA Chief Executive, ( Los Angeles Times) “ Too many are too timid to ask what these outrages are supposed to achieve. Too many are too polite to say that our Bill of Rights is too sacred to give up for homeland security or for anything else” -- Wayne LaPierre, NRA Chief Executive, ( LA Times)
  • Bob Barr, Republican, Georgia (former U.S. Rep.) Led Clinton impeachment efforts Opposes PATRIOT Act Started Patriots to Restore Checks &amp; Balances ( PRCB ) “ Congress must resist the current push to make permanent the expiring provisions in the …USA Patriot Act” “ Our lawmakers should also fix other provisions of the Patriot Act, including those authorizing secret search warrants and an overbroad definition of domestic terrorism, which could sweep in political protesters.”
  • http://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2009/sep/16/obama-seeks-patriot-act-extensions/
  • See Confessions of a Baggage Screener, by Beth Pinkster, in Wired: http://www.wired.com/wired/archive/11.09/bagscan_pr.html “ One of the highlights of my tour of the TSA labs is a backscatter X-ray machine, which produces a high-contrast image by bouncing beams against an object and measuring how many return. It can be used to screen luggage, but this model is configured for people. When lab codirector Susan Hallowell asks for volunteers to test the unit, she also offers a warning: &amp;quot;It not only makes you look naked, but fat, too.&amp;quot; Grimacing, she steps up to demonstrate. As Hallowell stands against the unit, her body appears as a doughy white blob on the monitor, free of clothes. Also visible are the gun stashed in her belt and a plastic baggie of explosives tucked into her pocket. It&apos;s a remarkable piece of machinery, but there are reasons it&apos;s in the lab and not the airport: It&apos;s big, slow, and basically shows what someone looks like unclothed. (Thankfully, it leaves fine anatomical details to the imagination.) Already there&apos;s a locker-room atmosphere among the screeners, mostly male and bored. Have them stare at practically nude people all day and you&apos;re asking for trouble. Still, TSA chief technology officer Randal Null is enthusiastic about backscatter. &amp;quot;We may not put it in every lane,&amp;quot; he says. &amp;quot;But we&apos;ll use this technology once we deal with the privacy, cost, and size issues.””
  • Break for CNN &amp; ABC News videos
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  • http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/10/fbi-tracking-device/all/1
  • “ It seems very frightening that the FBI have placed a surveillance-tracking device on the car of a 20-year-old American citizen who has done nothing more than being half-Egyptian,” Alseth told Wired.com. Afifi, a business marketing student at Mission College in Santa Clara, discovered the device last Sunday when he took his car to a local garage for an oil change. When a mechanic at Ali’s Auto Care raised his Ford Lincoln LS on hydraulic lifts, Afifi saw a wire sticking out near the right rear wheel and exhaust. Garage owner Mazher Khan confirmed for Wired.com that he also saw it. A closer inspection showed it connected to a battery pack and transmitter, which were attached to the car with a magnet. Khan asked Afifi if he wanted the device removed and when Afifi said yes, Khan pulled it easily from the car’s chassis. “ I wouldn’t have noticed it if there wasn’t a wire sticking out,” Afifi said.
  • http://www.wired.com/threatlevel/2010/10/fbi-tracking-device/all/1
  • LAPD’s Muslim mapping LAPD planned to map city’s Muslim population to identify any extremist hotbeds. Were going to pinpoint Muslim communities using US census data and social service agencies. LAPD says mapping is not profiling, they are trying to better understand the Muslim community. The plan has been scrapped after protests from Muslim groups and civil libertarians. Muslim groups feel that this is an invasion of their privacy. American Muslim leader Al-Marayati says this has damaged the relationship in terms of trust, but it can be repaired. http://www.upi.com/Top_News/2007/11/09/LAPD-announces-Muslim-mapping-project/UPI-78571194613104/ http://www.reuters.com/article/domesticNews/idUSN1560353720071115
  • What does the phrase “perfect storm” mean? (mention book / movie, then how the term has been co-opted to refer to any culmination of deliberate and/or unintentional events to produce a highly unlikely situation)
  • 302 patriot

    1. 1. <ul><li>Volti, Unit 4, chapters 16-18: Shaping and Controlling Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Governing Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Scary government, or necessary evil? </li></ul>TECH 3020
    2. 2. <ul><li>Governing Technology </li></ul><ul><li>Pros and cons of living in an information age </li></ul><ul><li>“ Even if technological development has produced more good than bad, it has proceeded in a fashion that has put it beyond our individual control.” (351) </li></ul>TECH 3020
    3. 3. <ul><li>Governing Technology, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>“ It seems as though we have struck a bargain whereby we consume the fruits of technological advance in return for delegating to others the power to determine the technologies that shape the basic contours of our lives -- everything from what we eat, to how we work, to the way we are entertained.” (351) </li></ul>TECH 3020
    4. 4. <ul><li>What is (or was) Carnivore? </li></ul>TECH 3020 © 2009, DCGiftShop.com
    5. 5. TECH 3020 June 20, 2011
    6. 6. <ul><li>What was the MATRIX? </li></ul><ul><li>Multistate AntiTeRrorism Information eXchange </li></ul><ul><li>Developed post 9/11 with $12 million in federal funds, with each participating state paying $1.8 million / year </li></ul>TECH 3020 © 1999, Warner Brothers
    7. 7. What is The USA PATRIOT Act? TECH 3020
    8. 8. PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011 © 2009, BBC
    9. 9. <ul><li>Protect America Act </li></ul><ul><li>Extends reach of Patriot Act </li></ul><ul><li>Allows warrantless surveillance on all communication of a foreign terror suspect, even if a U.S. based person is on one end. </li></ul><ul><li>Provide immunity for telecomm companies that assisted in spying </li></ul><ul><li>(USA Today) </li></ul>TECH 3020 © Jason Reed
    10. 10. If you haven’t done anything wrong, you’ve got nothing to be afraid of TECH 3020
    11. 11. Brandon Mayfield TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011
    12. 12. Brandon Mayfield TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011
    13. 13. Brandon Mayfield, cont. TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011
    14. 14. <ul><li>PATRIOT Act, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Bi-partisan effort in Senate pushed for revisions </li></ul><ul><li>Unusual mixture of groups opposed it, liberal and conservative, from ACLU to NRA </li></ul>TECH 3020
    15. 15. PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011 © 2004, NRA © 2009, NRA
    16. 16. PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011
    17. 17. PATRIOT Act, cont. TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011 © 2009, Washington Post
    18. 18. <ul><li>PATRIOT Act, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>Significantly increased airport security </li></ul><ul><li>“ virtual strip search” machines </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Low-level / backscatter X-rays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Detects weapons easily </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sees through clothes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently in testing stage </li></ul></ul>TECH 3020
    19. 19. Science Fiction: Total Recall TECH 3020 © 1990, Sony Pictures
    20. 20. TECH 3020 © 1990, Sony Pictures
    21. 21. Science Fact: coming soon to an airport near you TECH 3020 © 2007, CNN
    22. 23. TECH 3020
    23. 24. TECH 3020
    24. 25. TECH 3020
    25. 26. TECH 3020
    26. 28. TECH 3020
    27. 29. TECH 3020
    28. 34. <ul><li>Governing Technology </li></ul><ul><li>“ Are we doomed to the passive acceptance of technological changes that have been decreed by others?” (351) </li></ul><ul><li>“ There is virtually no popular input as to whether or not completely new technologies should be developed. In this sense, democratic controls are at best reactive. Is it possible to have democratic control of technology that goes beyond these after-the-fact votes? (352) </li></ul>TECH 3020
    29. 35. TECH 3020 Jun 20, 2011
    30. 36. <ul><li>“ The real danger is the gradual erosion of individual liberties through the automation, integration, and interconnection of many small, separate record-keeping systems, each of which alone may seem innocuous, even benevolent, and wholly justifiable”. -- U.S. Privacy Protection Study Commission, 1977 </li></ul>TECH 3020
    31. 37. <ul><li>Governing Technology, cont. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Those who would give up essential liberty to purchase a little temporary safety, deserve neither liberty nor safety.” -- Ben Franklin, 1759 </li></ul>TECH 3020
    32. 38. <ul><li>Questions </li></ul><ul><li>Are privacy and security mutually exclusive? </li></ul><ul><li>In terms of security, have we gone too far, not far enough, or just far enough, post 9/11? </li></ul>TECH 3020

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