Mod 3
Entering roadway/Move to curb
Vision & Perception
Space management – Good
habits
1.1. Place Foot Firmly onPlace Foot Firmly on
Service BrakeService Brake
2.2. Select Proper GearSelect Proper Gear
- Overd...
5.5. Release Parking BrakeRelease Parking Brake
6.6. Select Gap in Traffic FlowSelect Gap in Traffic Flow
7.7. Move to Lan...
 Traffic ChecksTraffic Checks
Front/Front/Rear/Sides
 Proper SignalProper Signal
 Target AheadTarget Ahead
 Check Visu...
Moving to Curb/Side of RoadMoving to Curb/Side of Road
 Adjust Speed UsingAdjust Speed Using
Controlled BrakingControlled...
• Control Rear MovementControl Rear Movement
Gradually Release Brake PressureGradually Release Brake Pressure
• Move as Sl...
Top 2 Vision & Perception
 Vision to read & identify distinct objects is called
FOCAL vision and is usually about 3-5 deg...
Capacity of Visual FieldsCapacity of Visual Fields
Focus Vision
Central Vision
Peripheral Vision
Peripheral Vision
Motion ...
4. Vision
 If a vehicle is approaching from the side, detect
it’s motion using peripheral vision. Identify the
type of ve...
5. Good visual habits involve:
 Involve establishing a
path of travel with a
targeted area 20
seconds ahead of the
vehicl...
6. When you are unable to see
your targeted area, you should
 Slow down!
 Reduce speed
7. As speed increases…
 Central & Peripheral vision decreases
Following intervals
 2 Seconds…2 Seconds… Allows driver time to steer out
of problem areas at all listed speeds on a dry
...
Calculating Following intervals
One Thousand One
One Thousand Two
One Thousand Three
One Thousand Four
Time, Speed & Distance on dry surface
Vehicle Ft./Sec.
Speed Travel
Following Interval
2 Sec. 3 Sec. 4 Sec.
1/2 sec 3/4 se...
Mod 3 Topic 3 & 4
Space management/Good habits
 Process to manage time, space & visibility
to reduce risk.
 S.E.E.I.T.
Manage time & space!
S earch
E valuate
E xecute
i n
T ime
Space around your vehicle is
described as either:
 Open
 Closed
 Changing
What are the 3 potential hazards in
this picture?
1) Pedestrians
2) Oncoming
vehicle
3) Bicyclist
IndecisionIndecision
Correct DecisionCorrect Decision
Wrong DecisionWrong Decision
LP 4
Steer left to open space
Steer Rig...
When executing a decision to avoid
a crash, you can do one of two
things…
**Change speed
OR
**Change direction
Approaching an Intersection
Step 1 (Search)
 Identify Intersection
 Identify Controls
 Check Rear Areas
 Search for In...
Which will most likely lead to a
crash?
Awareness LevelAwareness Level Performance LevelPerformance Level
HabitHabit
Judgm...
Top 4 driver errors that lead to a
crash…(crash facts VA 2007)
1. Following too close
2. Failure to yield
3. Speeding
4. I...
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Module 3 2009

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Module 3 2009

  1. 1. Mod 3 Entering roadway/Move to curb Vision & Perception Space management – Good habits
  2. 2. 1.1. Place Foot Firmly onPlace Foot Firmly on Service BrakeService Brake 2.2. Select Proper GearSelect Proper Gear - Overdrive, Drive, or Reverse 3.3. Perform Traffic ChecksPerform Traffic Checks - Forward, Rear, and Sides 4.4. Apply Proper SignalApply Proper Signal - Communicate Intentions Entering Roadway TasksEntering Roadway Tasks
  3. 3. 5.5. Release Parking BrakeRelease Parking Brake 6.6. Select Gap in Traffic FlowSelect Gap in Traffic Flow 7.7. Move to LaneMove to Lane - Target Lane Position #1 - Release Service Brake - Accelerate Gradually - Steer to Center of Lane Entering Roadway TasksEntering Roadway Tasks 3 feet Lane Position #1Lane Position #1 CENTER OF LANE 3 feet
  4. 4.  Traffic ChecksTraffic Checks Front/Front/Rear/Sides  Proper SignalProper Signal  Target AheadTarget Ahead  Check Visual ReferenceCheck Visual Reference - for 6” from Curb  Side Mirror and/or BlindSide Mirror and/or Blind Area CheckArea Check Moving to Curb/Side of RoadMoving to Curb/Side of Road
  5. 5. Moving to Curb/Side of RoadMoving to Curb/Side of Road  Adjust Speed UsingAdjust Speed Using Controlled BrakingControlled Braking  Use Gradual SteeringUse Gradual Steering - Make Adjustments to Align Visual Reference Points  Re-check TrafficRe-check Traffic  Cancel Signal IndicatorCancel Signal Indicator
  6. 6. • Control Rear MovementControl Rear Movement Gradually Release Brake PressureGradually Release Brake Pressure • Move as Slowly as PossibleMove as Slowly as Possible • Accelerate GraduallyAccelerate Gradually • Cover the Brake when NeededCover the Brake when Needed • Steer in the Direction You Want toSteer in the Direction You Want to Go Using Reference Points toGo Using Reference Points to Establish PositionEstablish Position BackingBacking BackingBacking
  7. 7. Top 2 Vision & Perception  Vision to read & identify distinct objects is called FOCAL vision and is usually about 3-5 degrees  Vision needed to judge depth & position is called CENTRAL vision and is between 30 -36 degrees  Peripheral vision is 175-185 degrees wide & is used to detect motion and color changes
  8. 8. Capacity of Visual FieldsCapacity of Visual Fields Focus Vision Central Vision Peripheral Vision Peripheral Vision Motion and Color Changes Focus Vision (Focal) Visual Lead, Targeting, Signs, Signals Central Vision (Limited Fringe Area) Referencing, Path of Travel, Sightlines T – 3.13
  9. 9. 4. Vision  If a vehicle is approaching from the side, detect it’s motion using peripheral vision. Identify the type of vehicle using central vision. Finally, determine the make & model using focal vision
  10. 10. 5. Good visual habits involve:  Involve establishing a path of travel with a targeted area 20 seconds ahead of the vehicle  This is called a VISUAL LEAD
  11. 11. 6. When you are unable to see your targeted area, you should  Slow down!  Reduce speed
  12. 12. 7. As speed increases…  Central & Peripheral vision decreases
  13. 13. Following intervals  2 Seconds…2 Seconds… Allows driver time to steer out of problem areas at all listed speeds on a dry surface and stop before problem areas at speeds under 35 mph.  3 Seconds…3 Seconds… Allows driver time to steer out of problem areas at all listed speeds on dry surface and stop before problem areas at speeds to 45 mph.  4 Seconds…4 Seconds… Allows driver to steer out of problem areas at speeds up to 65 mph on dry surface and stop before problem areas at speeds to the legal limit of 65 mph.
  14. 14. Calculating Following intervals One Thousand One One Thousand Two One Thousand Three One Thousand Four
  15. 15. Time, Speed & Distance on dry surface Vehicle Ft./Sec. Speed Travel Following Interval 2 Sec. 3 Sec. 4 Sec. 1/2 sec 3/4 sec Total Steer Brake Brake Dist. Dist. Dist. 30 mph 44 f/s 88 ft. 132 ft. 176 ft. 22 ft. 33 ft. 80 ft. 40 mph 58 f/s 116 ft. 174 ft. 232 ft. 29 ft. 44 ft. 125 ft. 50 mph 74 f/s 148 ft. 222 ft. 296 ft. 37 ft. 56 ft. 190 ft. 60 mph 88 f/s 176 ft. 264 ft. 352 ft. 44 ft. 66 ft. 275 ft. 70 mph 104 f/s 208 ft. 312 ft. 416 ft. 52 ft. 78 ft. 385 ft.
  16. 16. Mod 3 Topic 3 & 4 Space management/Good habits  Process to manage time, space & visibility to reduce risk.  S.E.E.I.T.
  17. 17. Manage time & space! S earch E valuate E xecute i n T ime
  18. 18. Space around your vehicle is described as either:  Open  Closed  Changing
  19. 19. What are the 3 potential hazards in this picture? 1) Pedestrians 2) Oncoming vehicle 3) Bicyclist
  20. 20. IndecisionIndecision Correct DecisionCorrect Decision Wrong DecisionWrong Decision LP 4 Steer left to open space Steer Right Must make good, quick decisions. There is only one move to make!
  21. 21. When executing a decision to avoid a crash, you can do one of two things… **Change speed OR **Change direction
  22. 22. Approaching an Intersection Step 1 (Search)  Identify Intersection  Identify Controls  Check Rear Areas  Search for Intersection Risks Step 2 (Evaluate)  Scan Open Side Areas First  Scan Closed Side Areas  Look for Closed or Changing Frontal Areas Step 3 (Execute)  Adjust Speed  Maintain Lane Position or Stop Behind Crosswalk  Proceed Through Open Space Area or Stop Behind the Crosswalk
  23. 23. Which will most likely lead to a crash? Awareness LevelAwareness Level Performance LevelPerformance Level HabitHabit JudgmentJudgment AcceptableAcceptable AcceptableAcceptable HabitHabit JudgmentJudgment UnacceptableUnacceptable UnacceptableUnacceptable Driver Driver
  24. 24. Top 4 driver errors that lead to a crash…(crash facts VA 2007) 1. Following too close 2. Failure to yield 3. Speeding 4. Improper lane change

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