Module 1 2009

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Module 1 2009

  1. 1. Mod 1 Your License to Drive Organ & Tissue Donation Right of Way Concepts Railroad Safety Signs, Signals & Pavement Marks
  2. 2. Identification/SS#/Proof of Residence/Legal Presence License Applicants Less than 19 Years Old must provide: •proof of identification •need one document from primary list •proof of social security number Social security card W2 form Income tax form Military ID •proof of residence **(parents may verify residence) •proof of legal presence
  3. 3. Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses • Be at least 15 years and six months old. • Complete a DL1M learner’s permit and driver’s license application form. • Furnish proof of •identification; •social security number; •residency; and •legal presence. • Pass •a signs test (100%); •a general knowledge test (80%); and •a vision test. • Have a digitized photo taken at DMV. Requirements for aRequirements for a Learner’s PermitLearner’s Permit *Note - If you are under 18 & FAIL any part of the test you must wait 15 days to retake
  4. 4. Learner’s Permit Driving Learner permit driver’s may practice with a Licensed driver at least 21 years old OR With an immediate family member who is at least 18 & has a valid driver’s license AND, you may only have 1 Non-family passenger
  5. 5. Requirements for aRequirements for a Driver’s LicenseDriver’s License Virginia LicensesVirginia Licenses T – 1.4c • must be at least 16 years and three months old; • hold a learner’s permit for at least nine months; and • successfully complete a driver education program Note: the 180-day provisional license (PDL-180) issued by your in-car driver education teacher is a valid driver’s license when accompanied by a valid Virginia learner’s permit. (Applicants less than 19 years old) Additional Requirements for Applicants less than 18 •must have parent/guardian permission, and •have your parents certify that you have driven a motor vehicle for 45 hours, at least 15 of which were after sunset **Curfew for under 18 is midnight to 4 AM
  6. 6. • Learner’s PermitLearner’s Permit • Driver’s LicenseDriver’s License • Motorcycle LicenseMotorcycle License • Commercial Driver’sCommercial Driver’s License (CDL)License (CDL) Virginia LicensesVirginia Licenses Virginia Driver's License for persons 21 years of age and older Virginia Driver's License for persons under 21 years of age T – 1.4 Horizonal Vertical Organ donation is denoted on the driver’s license as a red heart followed by “Organ Donor” in black
  7. 7. License RenewalLicense Renewal Renewing your licenseRenewing your license T – 1.8 Your license expires on yourYour license expires on your birthdaybirthday in ages divisible by 5.in ages divisible by 5. 11stst license is valid for 3-7 years.license is valid for 3-7 years. The cost per year for a licenseThe cost per year for a license is...is... You can renew on-line onceYou can renew on-line once every 10 years.every 10 years.
  8. 8. Licensing RestrictionsLicensing Restrictions Restrictions Removing Restrictions Endorsements Classes T – 1.7 Eye Glasses or Contact Lenses Daylight Driving Only Hearing Aids Automatic Transmission Automatic Light and High/ Low Beam Switch Hand Controls Left Accelerator Pedal School Bus Motorcycle Dangerous Cargo
  9. 9. Suspensions/RevocationsSuspensions/Revocations •SuspensionSuspension •Your privilege to drive has been withdrawn temporarily.Your privilege to drive has been withdrawn temporarily. •Judge may grant restricted driving privileges toJudge may grant restricted driving privileges to and from work, school, or VASAP class.and from work, school, or VASAP class. •RevocationRevocation •Your privilege to drive has been terminated.Your privilege to drive has been terminated. •Must reapply for a driver’s license after revocationMust reapply for a driver’s license after revocation period has passed.period has passed. •Administrative License Suspension (ALS)Administrative License Suspension (ALS) If your are under age 21 and you register a BAC of 0.02 toIf your are under age 21 and you register a BAC of 0.02 to 0.08, (over age 21, if you register a BAC 0.08 or higher) or0.08, (over age 21, if you register a BAC 0.08 or higher) or refuse to take the breath test, your driver’s license will berefuse to take the breath test, your driver’s license will be suspended for seven days immediately after arrest.suspended for seven days immediately after arrest.
  10. 10. Implied Consent vs. Zero Tolerance • Implied Consent Law – Yes, you will take a breath test if asked by law enforcement. Or if you blow over the legal limit – your license will be suspended for 7 days. • Zero Tolerance Law – Driver’s under 21legal limit is .02 BAC. If at or over that limit, they will be charged with a DUI.
  11. 11. 5 Reasons You Can Lose License 1) DUI 2) Teens BAC .02 3) Pump & Run gas 4) Drag racing 5) Demerit points 6) Make a false statement
  12. 12. Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses To Obtain a Motorcycle-Only Driver’s License You must pass the: •driver’s license two-part knowledge test; •motorcycle knowledge exam; and •motorcycle road skills test. •You must also have a motorcycle learner’s permit for a minimum of 30 days. Motorcycle License – Driver’s license w/ class M If less than 19 years old, you must also complete a driver education program and have a motorcycle learner’s permit for a minimum of 9 months. T – 1.4e
  13. 13. Commercial Driver’s License (CDL)Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) A commercial driver’s license allows you to operate tractor-A commercial driver’s license allows you to operate tractor- trailers, passenger buses, tank vehicles, school buses fortrailers, passenger buses, tank vehicles, school buses for 16 or more occupants, or vehicles carrying hazardous16 or more occupants, or vehicles carrying hazardous materials.materials. Types of Virginia LicensesTypes of Virginia Licenses T – 1.4d
  14. 14. Proof of Financial ResponsibilityProof of Financial Responsibility Liability Insurance – minimum amount isLiability Insurance – minimum amount is $25,000/50,000/20,000$25,000/50,000/20,000 $500 Uninsured motorist fee – provides$500 Uninsured motorist fee – provides NONO insurance coverageinsurance coverage Financial ResponsibilityFinancial Responsibility
  15. 15. Specialty InformationSpecialty Information Organ Tissue Donation Transplantation – Taking cells from one person and putting them in another One tissue donor can affect more than 200 people
  16. 16. Obstacles to open discussion about donations:Obstacles to open discussion about donations:  There are still a lot of misconceptions about organ donation.There are still a lot of misconceptions about organ donation.  People prefer not to talk about their mortality.People prefer not to talk about their mortality. Special note:Special note: A signed donor card is not enough.A signed donor card is not enough. Family consent is also required.Family consent is also required. Specialty InformationSpecialty Information
  17. 17. Specialty InformationSpecialty Information Organ Tissue DonationOrgan Tissue Donation (( THE GIFT OF LIFETHE GIFT OF LIFE )) Scientific, surgical and medical advancements have made it possible to transplant many human organs and tissues with great success! Medical technology allows transplantation of: STATISTICSSTATISTICS • More than 10,000 kidneys are transplanted each year, yet over 23,000 people need transplants • More than 2,000 hearts are transplanted each year, yet over 2,800 people continue to wait • More than 3,000 livers are transplanted annually, yet over 2,600 people are on the waiting list • More than 500 lungs are transplanted each year, yet over 1,000 people are on the waiting list for a transplant • More than 500 pancreas transplants are performed annually, yet over 100 people are waiting for a transplant  skin,  cornea,  bone,  bone marrow,  blood,  kidney,  heart,  lung,  pancreas,  liver,  small bowel, and  heart valve. *60,000 currently waiting
  18. 18. What is brain dead? • The complete and irreversible cessation of all the fx’s of the brain & brain stem • People referred to as a “vegetable” • Life support, feeding tubes and NO brain activity
  19. 19. Right–of–Way ConceptsRight–of–Way Concepts • Right-of-WayRight-of-Way isis not a right or privilege –not a right or privilege – it must beit must be given!given! • Determined by a set of rules.Determined by a set of rules. • Drivers must understand right-of-way rules governing:Drivers must understand right-of-way rules governing: •Intersections;Intersections; •Merges; andMerges; and •Special conditions.Special conditions.
  20. 20. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: IntersectionsIntersections Left Turns Private road, alley or driveway Vehicles turning left must yield to oncoming traffic – unless there is a lead green arrow. Vehicles entering a roadway from a private road, alley or driveway shall stop and yield right-of-way to traffic on the roadway.
  21. 21. Expressways/Multi-Lane RoadwaysExpressways/Multi-Lane Roadways YIELD Right of Way Entering a controlled-access highwayEntering a controlled-access highway Yield the right-of-way to vehicles already on the expressway. Leaving a controlled-access highwayLeaving a controlled-access highway • Vehicles entering the expressway shall yield to vehicles exiting the expressway. • If you miss the exit, do not stop and/or back up on the expressway. Continue driving to the next exit. Driving on multiple-lane roadwaysDriving on multiple-lane roadways The vehicle entering the lane of traffic from a lane to the right shall yield right-of-way to the vehicle entering the same lane of traffic from a lane to the left. *See Module 6 for detailed information on limited access roadways.
  22. 22. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: ControlledControlled IntersectionsIntersections Controlled Intersections:Controlled Intersections: • Signs and/or signalsSigns and/or signals determine who should yielddetermine who should yield regulate the flow of traffic and pedestriansregulate the flow of traffic and pedestrians
  23. 23. Right–of–Way Concepts:Right–of–Way Concepts: Emergency VehiclesEmergency Vehicles YieldYield the Right-of-Waythe Right-of-Way toto Emergency VehiclesEmergency Vehicles Vehicles must yield the right-of-way to police, fire, and rescue vehicles using a siren and/or flashing lights.  Pull over to the right edge of the road and stop until the emergency vehicle has passed.  If traffic is congested and prevents moving to the right edge of the road, adjust lane position and leave a clear path for the emergency vehicle to pass.  On an undivided highway, all traffic must pull over to the edge of the road and allow the emergency vehicle to pass.  Move over law – if you officer has someone pulled, get over!
  24. 24. Highway/rail crashes Whose fault? • Driver error • Trains can’t easily stop • Although in the U.S. we have about 500 crashes a year
  25. 25. When do you have to stop at tracks?  Train there or coming  Gate is down  Lights flashing  Vehicle in front of you stops (school bus)  Can’t pass within 100 ft of a RR crossing
  26. 26. What if you stall on the tracks? No train – push car over the tracks, in the flow of traffic If you can see a train- run diagonally away but towards the train If you can see a train it cannot stop in time
  27. 27. Signs – Railroads  Railroad crossing ahead – Look & listen for a train. Lower radio, crack the window  Crossbuck = Yield sign  If there is more than track, it will be listed on the crossbuck
  28. 28. Trains move fast • Difficult to judge a trains speed • Train moving 50 MPH will take 1 ½ miles to stop • 1 Mile = 5,280 FT
  29. 29. Safety Tips at the Railroad Tracks 1. Never stop 2. Never change gears 3. Never cross unless you can get all the way across 4. If gate lowers while you are crossing – keep going 5. Be extra careful at night
  30. 30. Signs —Signs — ShapesShapes Have MeaningHave Meaning OctagonOctagon —Stop signs RectangleRectangle — Regulatory or Guide •Vertical signs indicate the law TriangleTriangle —Yield signs DiamondDiamond — Warning PentagonPentagon — School and School Crossings PennantPennant — Advance warning of No Passing Zones T – 1.25 Topic 4 Lesson 1 •Horizontal signs give directions or information. Round - advance warning of railroad crossing Crossbuck – railroad crossing (same as a yield sign)
  31. 31. Signs —Signs — CCoolloorrss Have MeaningHave Meaning RedRed — prohibitive or stop GreenGreen — guide information, such as direction or guidance signs BlueBlue — motorist services signs YellowYellow —general warning WhiteWhite — regulatory signs OrangeOrange — construction and maintenance work BrownBrown —recreational and cultural interest Fluorescent Optic YellowFluorescent Optic Yellow —school zones, school crossings and pedestrian crossings
  32. 32. SignalsSignals o Steady lights o Flashing lights o Signal/Sign combinations •Signals by traffic lights indicate the following: •Steady red – moving traffic shall stop and remain stopped as long as the signal is red, except for traffic moving in the direction indicated by a green arrow. •Green – the traffic shall move in the direction of the signal but should yield to other vehicles and pedestrians in the intersection. •Steady Yellow –Steady Yellow – a change is about to occur in the direction of the moving traffic. •Flashing red – traffic shall stop before entering the intersection. Virginia Law: § 46.2-833 — Traffic lights
  33. 33. Guide SignsGuide Signs Information SignsInformation Signs Regulatory SignsRegulatory Signs SignsSigns Warning SignsWarning Signs Give advance warning of hazards to allow drivers time to safely minimize risks. GUIDE drivers to their destination by identifying routes well in advance. INFORM drivers of motorist services and recreational facilities. REGULATE the speed and movement of traffic.
  34. 34. Multi-Lane Two-Lane Rural Pavement MarkingsPavement Markings Shared Left Turn Lane stop lines cross walks ONE Way TWO Way
  35. 35. Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — WhiteWhite LinesLines White lines separate lanes of traffic going in the same direction. Broken White LinesBroken White Lines Solid White LinesSolid White Lines • Solid white lines designate turn lanes and prevent lane changes near intersections. • Arrows indicate which turns may be made from the lane. - A curved arrow and the word ONLY indicate you must turn in the direction of the arrow; and - both a curved and straight arrow indicate you may either turn or go straight. • Stop lines, crosswalks and parking spaces also are marked by white lines. • Solid white lines mark the right edge of pavement. Traffic Flow Traffic Flow • Drivers may cross with caution.
  36. 36. Pavement Markings —Pavement Markings — YellowYellow LinesLines Solid YellowSolid Yellow center lines indicate two-way traffic with no passing allowed. ALWAYS KEEP TO THE RIGHT of the line. Traffic Flow Traffic Flow Broken YellowYellow Center Line Broken YellowYellow Line alongside a Solid YellowYellow Line White arrows show direction of traffic flow. • Passing is permitted on the side with the broken line. • Passing is NOT permitted on the side with the solid line. • Passing on the left is permitted in either direction. • Pass only when the way ahead is clear because you will be entering a lane with oncoming traffic.
  37. 37. TurningTurning Left TurnLeft Turn Vehicle Signal —— move the signal lever all the way down. Hand Signal —— extend your left hand and arm straight out of the driver’s side window. Right TurnRight Turn Vehicle Signal —— move the signal lever all the way up. Hand Signal —— extend your left arm out the driver’s side window and bend it at the elbow so that your left hand points upward at a 90 degree angle. When you make a turn you must signal your intentions, whetherWhen you make a turn you must signal your intentions, whether using hand or vehicle signals, 100 feet or 4 seconds before turning.using hand or vehicle signals, 100 feet or 4 seconds before turning. For more information on turning, see Module 4 Topic 3
  38. 38. 5 Places Passing is NOT permitted 1. Solid lines 2. Yellow lines 3. Hills 4. Curves 5. Railroad tracks 6. Intersections
  39. 39. Type of Highway or zone Limit Interstate highways in designated rural areas 65 MPH Interstate highways in areas not designated as rural 55 MPH Limited access and non-limited access highways 55 MPH Secondary routes which include all public roads and streets not designated as part of the interstate or primary system 55 MPH School, business and residential zones 25 MPH You are required to travel 25 MPH in a school zone only when indicated by a sign or signal. Otherwise, maintain the posted speed. Maximum speed limit for passenger vehicles and motorcycles (unless otherwise posted) Speed LimitsSpeed Limits • Urban AreasUrban Areas • Rural InterstateRural Interstate • Urban InterstateUrban Interstate • School ZonesSchool Zones
  40. 40. You are EnteringYou are Entering aa Work ZoneWork Zone REMEMBER TO USEREMEMBER TO USE • Common SenseCommon Sense • CautionCaution • ConcentrationConcentration
  41. 41. Areas of Work ZonesAreas of Work Zones Work AreaWork Area TerminationTermination AreaArea Signs are placed to indicate changing conditions ahead. Road markings show traffic detours and provide directions for required maneuvers. Allows you to become accustomed to the new traffic pattern before entering the actual work area. BufferBuffer AreaArea Maintenance or construction work is underway. Signs indicate you are leaving the work zone and can resume normal driving. Advance Warning AreaAdvance Warning Area Transition AreaTransition Area
  42. 42. Worker’s PerspectiveWorker’s Perspective Motorists speeding in a work zone represent a dangerousMotorists speeding in a work zone represent a dangerous threat to the road workers’ safety.threat to the road workers’ safety.

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