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Sample presentation exploring the rich culture of the Arab world through its music and dance

Sample presentation exploring the rich culture of the Arab world through its music and dance

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  • Ahlan wa Sahlan, welcome to Middle Eastern Dance, a Celebration of Life! Thank you for joining me today.
    Who am I:
    Patricia Auch, Professional name Zulaika, 30 yrs. in this field.
  • This morning I will take you on a journey through parts of the Arab World via their music and dance. From the men’s stick dance in Egypt to the women’s party dance in Saudi Arabia to the line dances of the Levant, you will hear the traditional rhythms, see the colorful folk wear, and experience the expressive dance traditions in their cultural context. It is a celebration of life that is sure to engage you!
  • 1.There are 22 Arabic speaking countries, each with their own unique culture. Some of these countries are included in the area referred to as the Middle East, others are in North Africa. Middle East does not = Arab as there also several non-Arab countries in the Middle East- they include Turkey, Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan for example.
  • Music and Dance are intimately connected in the Arab world, so I would like to start your journey in the realm of Arabic Music for it rules the dance. Let’s explore what is unique about it…how it engages the listener, the dancer…
  • 1.First, experience its heart beat- the drum. They come in all sizes and shapes and produce 2 main sounds- the DUM, and the TEC. How these 2 sounds are arranged produce the rhythm. Even though some rhythms share the time signature, each is unique- examples:
    a.2/4: Ayoub DD, T, Malfouf- D, TT,
    b.4/4: Beladi DD,T,D,T, Saidi D,T,DD,T
  • 1.Melodic Instruments include-- Strings
    a.Classical: Qanun & Oud
    b.Folk : Rababa & Buzuk
    c.Modern: Violin
  • 1.Wind Instruments Include:
    a.Classical: Nay
    b.Folk: Zurna, Mizwiz
  • The instrument of highest order is the voice. Umm Kulthum is an Egyptian singer and is the most revered singer in the Arab world, not just by Egyptians. She was part of the Golden Age of Arabic Music (1940-50’s) and her albums still outsell modern popular singers. Her beautiful voice and her emotive rendering of her songs can still be felt. Listen...

    Music is important part of everyday life you hear it in every taxi- pop, UK, Koranic singing. It is heard in the homes, not just with radio and CDs, but often there are drums and other musical instruments in the family. I was on a Nile boat cruise in 1994 when out from the kitchen came the cooking and wait staff with drums ready to sing and dance with us when they saw us enjoying the music! It was a spontaneous outburst that became a nightly event on that cruise—and it would have gone all night if we had let it. I remember taking a break and going on the upper deck... I could hear the drums from shore as we glided past each small village.
  • Dance celebrates every day life, from battles, to farming, to fishing, to daily tasks.
  • And also for celebrations from weddings to holidays.


  • 1. Middle Eastern Music & Dance A Celebration of Life!
  • 2. Ahlan wa Sahlan! “Welcome!”
  • 3. 22 Arabic Speaking Countries
  • 4. Arabic Music The Instruments Classical Music Folk Music Pop Music Why is it different?
  • 5. Drums – The Heartbeat Tar Riq Tabla 4/4 Beledi 8/4 Masmoudi Daf 2/4 Ayoub Duval
  • 6. Drums – The Heartbeat Tar Riq Tabla 4/4 Beledi 8/4 Masmoudi Daf 2/4 Ayoub Duval
  • 7. String Instruments Rababa Buzuq Violin Oud Qanun
  • 8. Wind Instruments Zurna Mizwiz Nay
  • 9. Voice Umm Kulthum
  • 10. Dance Celebrating Everyday Life
  • 11. Weddings and Celebrations Morocco Egypt
  • 12. Dance Varies With each country Within countries Between tribes and/or vi'ages Between men and women
  • 13. Saudi Arabia Khaliji
  • 14. Tanoura Egypt Tahtib Ghawazee
  • 15. Sheikhat Morocco Guedra Gnawa
  • 16. Tunisia
  • 17. Levant Lebanon, Syria, Palestine
  • 18. Raqs Sharqi Dance of the East or Oriental Dance
  • 19. Tarab “Enchantment”
  • 20. Iftah Ya Sim-Sim! Open Sesame Exploring the rich culture of the Arab world through music and dance copyright 2009 Zulaika 425-652-6994,,