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The Rising Floor of Platform - MIT Platform Summit 2014
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The Rising Floor of Platform - MIT Platform Summit 2014

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If someone thinks that they can create differentiating value by starting at the level of what you sell, at a cost that enables them to sell the result, then you are - to them - a platform. Too much …

If someone thinks that they can create differentiating value by starting at the level of what you sell, at a cost that enables them to sell the result, then you are - to them - a platform. Too much lower, you're plumbing. Above that level, you're a competitor or an irrelevant product. What should a platform provide today, as 24x7 connected people want trustworthy access to data and command of useful function?

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  • 1. The Rising Floor of “Platform” Abstraction, Added Value, and Lowering Barriers to Entry Peter Coffee VP for Strategic Research salesforce.com inc.
  • 2. If You’re Used to Schematic Diagrams…
  • 3. If You’re Used to Schematic Diagrams, This is a “Platform”
  • 4. When Components Become Microscopic…
  • 5. When Components Become Microscopic, This is a “Platform”
  • 6. When Code Adds the Value…
  • 7. When Coders Are Too Valuable, This is a “Platform”
  • 8. When Connections Become Convention…
  • 9. When Connections Create Community…
  • 10. When Edge Devices Give Views of Connected Resources…
  • 11. “A study commissioned by salesforce.com suggests that 60% of British employees now use apps on mobile devices for work-related activity and nearly a quarter (21%) use dedicated department-specific business apps… Enterprise apps boost worker productivity by more than 34%.” Then Apps on Mobile Devices Become the Norm…
  • 12. What Should Be in Your App? • White Pages world – Prospect looks up your company • Yellow Pages world – Prospect reads the ads in your category • Connected Customers world: – Prospect Googles for help with the problem • If you don’t come up on first page, you don’t exist • If network doesn’t validate you, you don’t get called – Prospect searches the App Store • Your app needs to solve problems… …not just sell products • Don’t let them forget you between transactions
  • 13. Who will take the lead on an Internet of Customers? • Companies who connect to machines? • Or teams and communities who relate to people? • The winners will be those who see the stories in the data …But Even “Apps on Devices” Become an Anachronism
  • 14. hubaisms.com/2013/08/08/data-scientist-big-data/ Value from Mobile Apps and Wearable Devices Poses Challenges of Science – Wrapped in Compliance
  • 15. hubaisms.com/2013/08/08/data-scientist-big-data/ • “People making calls or sending text messages originating at the Kericho tower were making 16 times more trips away from the area than the regional average. What’s more, they were three times more likely to visit a region northeast of Lake Victoria that records from the health ministry identified as a malaria hot spot. The tower’s signal radius thus covered a significant waypoint for transmission.” • “This is the future of epidemiology. If we are to eradicate malaria, this is how we will do it.” – Caroline Buckee Value from Mobile Apps and Wearable Devices Poses Challenges of Science – Wrapped in Compliance
  • 16. hubaisms.com/2013/08/08/data-scientist-big-data/ Value from Mobile Apps and Wearable Devices Poses Challenges of Science – Wrapped in Compliance
  • 17. Connection’s Concerns are Real • “Alot of the web services allow unauthenticated or unencrypted communication between the devices, so we’re able to alter the info that gets fed into the medical record … so you would get misdiagnosis or get prescriptions wrong.” • “The physician is taught to rely on the information in the medical records … [but] we could alter the data that was feeding from these systems, due to the vulnerabilities we found.”
  • 18. • Legacy Platform (wherever it sits): – Application development suite defined by a legacy IT vendor – Specific languages, libraries, operating systems and software stacks – Chosen by technologists; consumed by developers and sysadmins • Connection Platform (intrinsically cloud): – Marketplace of services, interacting via non-proprietary protocols – Mandate to add value to in-place investments while enabling innovation – Adopted by business units as side effect of getting stuff done – Consumed by “power users” and line-of-business experts • Opportunities for Action – Look for a spreadsheet/database/document with email wrapped around it: that’s a Force.com application begging you to write it – Ask how many representations you have for each customer: why not get that down to one? Redefining “Platform”: Customers Will Decide
  • 19. Floor, Walls, Roof: Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) Carpet, Lights, Partitions: Platform as a Service (PaaS) Furniture, Phones, Coffee Machine: Software as a Service (SaaS) Depending on the customer, any of these may be a starting point for adding value
  • 20. On-premise IT? Not a Platform for Tomorrow • Buy discrete servers at higher cost/CPU cycle • Provide space, power, cooling and light • Pay expensive people to keep them running • Fix whatever goes wrong Mixed models, embedding legacy baggage in a new and complexity-adding context, are only a “platform” in the mind of the person who wants to sell the mess…to Stockholm Syndrome victims who are relieved to see something familiar
  • 21. • Shared spreadsheets and documents – Problem to be solved is already acknowledged – Business logic is already written – Force.com app replaces an email thread with a real workflow – Plus mobile capability – Plus structured collaboration – Plus superior governance, auditability and integration • Desktop databases – Data dictionary is already established – Force.com app adds improved user experience, mobile access and automatic backup • Line-of-business users have wish lists – Problems they’ve had so long, they’ve gotten numb to the pain – “Hero points” for IT: empower the citizen developer, start solving new things every week Redefining Enterprise Development: The “Apps in Waiting”
  • 22. Redefining the Road Map: Not Incremental Improvement • Scott McNealy: “I don’t want to carry a battery, keyboard, display, storage device, and radio transmitter when I just want to check my mail.” • Where we’re going: all we actually carry is proof of our identity… …and the environment knows what we’ll want to know – and do • Architect your solutions for… Universal, high-speed connectivity Ubiquitous processing power Unlimited, intelligently indexed storage …then adjust to limits of present technology • The zeros and infinities will never be reached…but you won’t need to rip up your design and start from scratch every three years
  • 23. Peter Coffee VP for Strategic Research salesforce.com inc. pcoffee@salesforce.com @petercoffee in/petercoffee Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivatives 4.0 International

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