Lecture Notes                                         4                                            Infectious and         ...
Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be r...
What is to give lightmust endure burning.            —Victor Frankl                             3
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious disease is caused by a  microorganism that can transfer to new  individual...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Pandemics  • H1N1(swine flu): mixture of pig, bird, and human    viruses  • Escherich...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Pandemics (cont.)  • Malaria: protozoa from an infected mosquito;    parasites travel...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Which term refers to a disease that is  readily transmitted from one individual to  a...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious disease as potential weapons  • Anthrax: acute bacterial infection that ca...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious disease as potential weapons  (cont.)  • Smallpox (variola): variola pox v...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Viral infections  • Common cold: virus of upper respiratory tract; also    called cor...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Immunosuppressant diseases  • Chronic fatigue syndrome: persistent,    debilitating f...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of  childhood and adolescence  • Infectious diar...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of  childhood and adolescence (cont.)  • Rubella...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of  childhood and adolescence (cont.)  • Varicel...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of  childhood and adolescence (cont.)  • Pertuss...
Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Immunizations: protection against certain  communicable disease  • Vaccine: suspensio...
CreditsPublisher: Margaret BiblisAcquisitions Editor: Andy McPheeDevelopmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie MundenBackgro...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Session 1: Ch 4 PowerPoint Presentation

247 views

Published on

Ch 4

Published in: Healthcare
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
247
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
0
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Session 1: Ch 4 PowerPoint Presentation

  1. 1. Lecture Notes 4 Infectious and Communicable DiseasesClassroom Activity to AccompanyDiseases of the Human BodyFifth EditionCarol D. Tamparo Marcia A. Lewis
  2. 2. Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise— without written permission from the publisher.
  3. 3. What is to give lightmust endure burning. —Victor Frankl 3
  4. 4. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious disease is caused by a microorganism that can transfer to new individuals• Communicable disease is readily transmitted from one individual to another 4
  5. 5. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Pandemics • H1N1(swine flu): mixture of pig, bird, and human viruses • Escherichia coli: bacteria in intestinal tract of humans and animals • Lyme disease: caused by tick-borne spirochete • West Nile virus: comes from an infected mosquito that causes encephalitis in horses and humans 5
  6. 6. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Pandemics (cont.) • Malaria: protozoa from an infected mosquito; parasites travel to liver; change to merozites that enter and destroy red blood cells • Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): viral respiratory illness 6
  7. 7. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Which term refers to a disease that is readily transmitted from one individual to another? 1. Communicable 2. Pandemic 3. Infectious 4. Noninfectious 7
  8. 8. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious disease as potential weapons • Anthrax: acute bacterial infection that can occur in three forms • Cutaneous, intestinal, or inhalation • Botulism: bacteria that causes muscle paralysis • Plague (pneumonic): bacteria that spreads through respiratory secretions 8
  9. 9. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious disease as potential weapons (cont.) • Smallpox (variola): variola pox virus spreads through respiratory secretion • Tularemia (rabbit or deer-fly fever): bacteria that causes pneumonia-like infection • Viral hemorrhagic fevers: highly infectious viruses that damage multiple organ systems 9
  10. 10. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Viral infections • Common cold: virus of upper respiratory tract; also called coryza • Influenza: acute viral infection of the respiratory system• Multidrug-resistant organisms • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) • Penicillin resistant Streptococcus pneumoniae (PRSP) 10
  11. 11. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Immunosuppressant diseases • Chronic fatigue syndrome: persistent, debilitating fatigue; also called benign myalgic encephalomyelitis • HIV infection/AIDS: viral infection that destroys the T4 lymphocytes 11
  12. 12. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of childhood and adolescence • Infectious diarrheal disease: generally transmitted through fecal-oral route; 20 million cases a year • Rubeola (measles): highly communicable respiratory infection; prevented by vaccine 12
  13. 13. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of childhood and adolescence (cont.) • Rubella (3-day measles): caused by rubella virus characterized by fever and rash; dangerous to pregnant women • Mumps: characterized by fever and inflammation of the parotid salivary glands caused by mumps paramyxovirus; prevented by vaccine 13
  14. 14. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of childhood and adolescence (cont.) • Varicella (chickenpox): varicella-zoster virus causes rash that goes from macule to papule to vesicles then crusts; prevented by vaccine; happens as shingles in later life • Erythema infectiosum (Fifth disease): caused by human parvovirus B19; transmitted by respiratory secretions characterized by facial rash 14
  15. 15. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Infectious and communicable diseases of childhood and adolescence (cont.) • Pertussis (whooping cough): bacteria causes highly infectious respiratory disease with a repetitious, paroxysmal cough and prolonged harsh or shrill sound during inhalation; prevented by vaccine 15
  16. 16. Infectious and CommunicableDiseases• Immunizations: protection against certain communicable disease • Vaccine: suspension of infectious agents, components of the agents, or genetically engineered antigens given for purpose of establishing resistance to an infectious disease • Two general classes of vaccines • Live attenuated agent • Inactivated agents obtained through genetic mutation 16
  17. 17. CreditsPublisher: Margaret BiblisAcquisitions Editor: Andy McPheeDevelopmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie MundenBackgrounds: Joseph John Clark, Jr.Production Manager: Sam RondinelliManager of Electronic Product Development: Kirk PedrickElectronic Publishing: Frank MusickThe publisher is not responsible for errors of omission or for consequences from application of information in this presentation,and makes no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to its content. Any practice described in this presentation should beapplied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used with regard to the unique circumstances that mayapply in each situation. 17

×