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Lecture Notes                        1 through                                     17 of Key Points                       ...
Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be r...
IntroductionWelcome to Lecture Notes, a series ofPowerPoint presentations for Diseases of theHuman Body, 5th Edition. Each...
Lecture Notes                                       1                                     The Disease ProcessClassroom Act...
All interest in disease and death is only another expression of             interest               in life.         —Thoma...
The Disease Process• Predisposing factors   • Heredity   • Age   • Gender   • Environment   • Lifestyle                   ...
The Disease Process• Hereditary diseases  •   Monogenic disorders  •   Autosomal dominant  •   Autosomal recessive  •   X-...
The Disease Process• Inflammation  • Body’s immunologic response to tissue    damage• Infection  • Invasion and multiplica...
The Disease Process• Microorganisms  • Fungi  • Rickettsiae  •   Protozoa  •   Viruses  •   Bacteria  •   Parasites       ...
The Disease Process• Trauma: an injury or wound caused by  external force or violence to the  •   Head  •   Chest  •   Abd...
The Disease Process• Effects of physical and chemical agents  include  •   Extreme heat and cold  •   Ionizing radiation  ...
The Disease Process• Neoplasia: a new and abnormal  formation of tissue  • Classified as    • Benign: tumor that does not ...
The Disease Process• Immune-related factors in disease  •   Allergy  •   Anaphylactic shock  •   Autoimmunity  •   Immunod...
The Disease Process• Nutritional imbalances  •   Malnutrition  •   Vitamin and mineral deficiency and excess  •   Obesity ...
The Disease Process• Other causes of disease  • Idiopathic: cause unknown  • Iatrogenic: caused by medical treatments    a...
The Disease Process• Which term refers to an unknown cause  of disease?     1.   Nosocomial     2.   Iatrogenic     3.   I...
Credits Publisher: Margaret Biblis Acquisitions Editor: Andy McPhee Developmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie Munden Bac...
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MEAS 242 Chapter01

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  1. 1. Lecture Notes 1 through 17 of Key Points Chapter-by-Chapter Outline and ImagesClassroom Activity to AccompanyDiseases of the Human BodyFifth EditionCarol D. Tamparo Marcia A. Lewis
  2. 2. Copyright © 2011 by F.A. Davis Company. All rightsreserved. This product is protected by copyright. No part of it may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means—electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise— without written permission from the publisher.
  3. 3. IntroductionWelcome to Lecture Notes, a series ofPowerPoint presentations for Diseases of theHuman Body, 5th Edition. Each presentationconsists of an outline of key points. A separatepresentation contains illustrations used in thebook. We’ve broken the lecture notes intoseveral files for ease of use. We hope you findthese presentations helpful. — Carol Tamparo Marti Lewis 3
  4. 4. Lecture Notes 1 The Disease ProcessClassroom Activity to AccompanyDiseases of the Human BodyFifth EditionCarol D. Tamparo Marcia A. Lewis
  5. 5. All interest in disease and death is only another expression of interest in life. —Thomas Mann 5
  6. 6. The Disease Process• Predisposing factors • Heredity • Age • Gender • Environment • Lifestyle 6
  7. 7. The Disease Process• Hereditary diseases • Monogenic disorders • Autosomal dominant • Autosomal recessive • X- or sex-linked • Chromosomal • Multifactorial 7
  8. 8. The Disease Process• Inflammation • Body’s immunologic response to tissue damage• Infection • Invasion and multiplication of pathogenic microorganisms 8
  9. 9. The Disease Process• Microorganisms • Fungi • Rickettsiae • Protozoa • Viruses • Bacteria • Parasites 9
  10. 10. The Disease Process• Trauma: an injury or wound caused by external force or violence to the • Head • Chest • Abdominopelvic region • Neck and spine • Extremities 10
  11. 11. The Disease Process• Effects of physical and chemical agents include • Extreme heat and cold • Ionizing radiation • Extremes of atmospheric pressure • Electric shock • Poisoning • Near-drowning • Bites of insects, spiders, snakes • Asphyxiation • Burns 11
  12. 12. The Disease Process• Neoplasia: a new and abnormal formation of tissue • Classified as • Benign: tumor that does not spread • Malignant: tumor (cancer) that spreads to other cells, tissues, and body parts 12
  13. 13. The Disease Process• Immune-related factors in disease • Allergy • Anaphylactic shock • Autoimmunity • Immunodeficiency 13
  14. 14. The Disease Process• Nutritional imbalances • Malnutrition • Vitamin and mineral deficiency and excess • Obesity • Starvation 14
  15. 15. The Disease Process• Other causes of disease • Idiopathic: cause unknown • Iatrogenic: caused by medical treatments and their effects • Nosocomial: acquired in a hospital or health-care facility 15
  16. 16. The Disease Process• Which term refers to an unknown cause of disease? 1. Nosocomial 2. Iatrogenic 3. Idiopathic 4. Infectious 16
  17. 17. Credits Publisher: Margaret Biblis Acquisitions Editor: Andy McPhee Developmental Editors: Yvonne Gillam, Julie Munden Backgrounds: Joseph John Clark, Jr. Production Manager: Sam Rondinelli Manager of Electronic Product Development: Kirk Pedrick Electronic Publishing: Frank Musick The publisher is not responsible for errors of omission or for consequences from application of information in this presentation, and makes no warranty, expressed or implied, in regard to its content. Any practice described in this presentation should be applied by the reader in accordance with professional standards of care used with regard to the unique circumstances that may apply in each situation. 17

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