[O]ld beliefs die hard even when demonstrably false. -- Edward O. Wilson             Clute Institute for Academic Research...
Overview                    Basic research is what Im doing when I dont    Purpose         know what Im doing -- Wernher ...
Purpose Present overall insight into the research process Provide a quick-start tool and progress designed  reference ch...
Roadmap Value A number of Bachelor and Master’s programs have  no research coursework Students are often not prepared fo...
Resources                 If we knew what we were doing, it wouldnt be called research, would it? -- Albert Einstein A nu...
Strategy & Plan             The front end of the research effort is an iterative process                                  ...
Research Methods & Design Research Designs Qualitative                 Appropriate method and design Research            ...
THE RESEARCH ROADMAP                                      The front - end of the research effort is an iterative process  ...
Institutional Review Board (IRB)                                  I have not failed. Ive just found 10,000 ways that wont ...
Ethics in Research   Critical on research projects or studies   Credibility of information, results, and researchers   ...
Research Roadmap Recommendations    Introducing the research roadmap as early as possible into the degree     program curr...
Summary                      The great tragedy of science, the slaying of a beautiful theory by an                      ug...
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Research Roadmap Burian Rogerson Maffei 2010

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Research Roadmap Burian Rogerson Maffei 2010

  1. 1. [O]ld beliefs die hard even when demonstrably false. -- Edward O. Wilson Clute Institute for Academic Research 2010 European College Teaching & Learning Conference June 7-10, 2010 The Research Roadmap:A Primer to the Approach and Process Dr. Philip E. Burian, CTU Sioux Falls, South Dakota Dr. Lynda Rogerson, CTU Colorado Springs, Colorado Dr. Francis “Skip” Maffei, CTU Online
  2. 2. Overview Basic research is what Im doing when I dont Purpose know what Im doing -- Wernher Von Braun Roadmap Value Resources Strategy and Plan Research Methods and Designs The Research Roadmap Institutional Review Board (IRB) Ethics in Research Research Roadmap Recommendations Summary
  3. 3. Purpose Present overall insight into the research process Provide a quick-start tool and progress designed reference chart Improve the student and researcher’s understanding of the entire research effort Discovery consists in seeing what everyone else has seen and thinking what no one else has thought. -- Albert Szent-Gyorgi
  4. 4. Roadmap Value A number of Bachelor and Master’s programs have no research coursework Students are often not prepared for the rigor of research (at the Master’s level or even going into the Doctorate level) Develops logical thinking process to solve research problems Approach and process can be tailored and used in the student’s professional career not just for academic research The grand aim of all science is to cover the greatest number of empirical facts by logical deduction from the smallest number of hypotheses or axioms. – Albert Einstein
  5. 5. Resources If we knew what we were doing, it wouldnt be called research, would it? -- Albert Einstein A number of good textbooks exist (see references) Difficult to determine which reference to use Choosing the right design for research often confusing Provides a process chart for selecting and executing a research project Research Roadmap is a big picture view of entire research effort
  6. 6. Strategy & Plan The front end of the research effort is an iterative process Research Data Topic Purpose Research Lit Research Collection & Reporting Methodology/ CollectionSelection Statement Question Search Proposal Analysis Design Tools To be successful the student researcher must begin the research effort with a defined strategy and plan Iterative process (not just a one time event) prior to formal proposal development Up-front effort will help to produce a better quality research product Well defined strategy and plan will enable the student to clarify and synthesize the research to be accomplished
  7. 7. Research Methods & Design Research Designs Qualitative  Appropriate method and design Research  Qualitative, Quantitative, Mixed Methods,Quantitative Research and Action Research approach and design Mixed Methods Research  Integrate and thread research approach and design with the process Action Research (Iterative cycles of  Make the process selected work for the systematic Inquiry) type of research being accomplished
  8. 8. THE RESEARCH ROADMAP The front - end of the research effort is an iterative process Research Data Topic Purpose Research Lit Research Collection & Reporting Methodology/ Collection Selection Statement Question Search Proposal Analysis Design Tools Research - Annotated Bib - Interview Designs - Lit Review is - Case Study - Draft - Dissertation - Study idea - Central - Text/records - Central question supportive - Narrative - Observation - Design progress -Dissertation - Researcher phenomenon - Conceptual - Phenomenology - NarrativeQualitative - Focus groups - Final complete is insider - Participants - Sub - questions framework - Ethnographies analysisResearch - Open ended - IRB - Defense - Subjective - Research site - Conceptual - Grounded Theory - Validation - Questionnaires - Oral Pres model - (Budget) - Descriptive - Experimental - Draft - Annotated Bib - Survey inst - Dissertation - Study idea - Variables - Quasi -experimental - DesignQuantitative - Variable - Lit Review is - Survey research - Measurements - Final progress -Dissertation - Researcher - Participants relationship directive Research is outsider - Correlational - Inferential - IRB - Stat analysis complete - Research site - Hypothesis - Theory based - Defense - Objective - Single subject - Descriptive - Oral Pres - Validity & - Concept model - (Budget) reliability - Interview - Text/records - Dissertation Mixed - Study Idea - Overall intent - Draft progress - Annotated Bib - Triangulation - Observation - Dissertation - Researcher - Qual/Quant info - Quant/ Qual - Design - Stat analysis Methods can be - Lit review is - Exploratory - Focus groups complete - Combining - Sequential - Final - Narrative Research objective directive and - Explanatory - Questionnaire - Defense rationale - IRB analysis and supportive - Survey - Embedded - Measurements - Oral Pres - Validity & subjective - Conceptual - (Budget) model - Inferential reliability - Descriptive - Real life - Solve a - Driven by - Practical problem problem - Annotated Bib - Action - Interview - Draft - Dissertation - Organization - Initiate a - Follows AR - Lit review Research - Text/records - Design progress -Dissertation Action issue complete change cycle - Provides Cycle - Observation - Final - Narrative Research - Problem - Includes conceptual - Participatory - Focus groups - IRB analysis - Defense - May (Iterative - Change participants include both framework and Can use both - Questionnaires - Validation - Oral Pres cycles of - May change - Research in theoretical Qual & Quant - Descriptive RQ and Hypoth systematic - Iterative org foundations approaches survey Inquiry) - Participatory - May change - May change - Intervention - Collaborative - Iterative - Iterative - Improve (Politics) learning - Empower - Improve practice (© Burian, Rogerson, Maffei 2008)
  9. 9. Institutional Review Board (IRB) I have not failed. Ive just found 10,000 ways that wont work. -- Thomas Edison IRB Goal -- Ensure ethical behaviors and procedures are followed Provides an oversight function for research conducted on human subjects that are scientific, ethical, and regulatory in nature The Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI) provides online training (recommended for all researchers and team members) Each research institution will or should have specific procedures for submitting to the IRB
  10. 10. Ethics in Research Critical on research projects or studies Credibility of information, results, and researchers Must be a top consideration at all phases of research Honesty, intellectual property, use of human subjects, confidentiality, and social responsibility must each be considered The only thing you will ever be able to say in the so-called social sciences is: "some do, some dont." -- Ernest Rutherford
  11. 11. Research Roadmap Recommendations Introducing the research roadmap as early as possible into the degree program curriculum will assist students in developing their research skills as well as improve their problem solving ability Implement at the Baccalaureate level and increase intensity for Master’s and Doctoral level studies Illustrate the use of the roadmap for both academic and professional activities and efforts Integrate assignments and deliverables utilizing the roadmap throughout the program curriculum Anyone who has never made a mistake has never tried anything new. -- Albert Einstein
  12. 12. Summary The great tragedy of science, the slaying of a beautiful theory by an ugly fact. -- Thomas Henry Huxley Overall insight into the research process Provide a quick-start tool (Research Roadmap) Improve students and researchers understanding of the entire or big-picture effort Develop logical thinking process to solve problems Approach and process can be tailored and used in their professions not just academics

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