The 1 Timothy sandwich 1:1-20 false teaching 2:1-3:13 issues within the church family 3:14-4:16 need for godliness in the life of Timothy as a leader 5:1-6:2 issues within the church family6:3-6:21 false teaching
The 1 Timothy sandwich 1:1-20 false teaching1:3-7 danger of false teaching1:8-20 response to legalism 2:1-3:13 issues within the church family 2:1-7 the gospel-centred church 2:8-15 the gospel-centred member 3:1-13 the gospel-centred leader 3:14-4:16 need for godliness in the life of Timothy as a leader 3:14-4:5 priority of godliness and the gospel 4:6-16: example of godliness and the gospel 5:1-6:2 issues within the church family 5:1-16 honouring widows 5:17-6:2 honouring elders and masters6:3-6:21 false teaching6:3-10 danger of false teaching6:11-21 response to materialism
Elders 1 Timothy 31 This is a faithful saying: If a man desires theposition of a bishop [ἐπιςκοπῆσ], he desires agood work.
Elders Exodus 1817 So Moses’ father-in-law said to him, “…20 And youshall teach them the statutes and the laws…21 Moreover you shall select from all the peopleable men, such as fear God, men of truth, hatingcovetousness; and place such over them tobe rulers of thousands, rulers of hundreds, rulers offifties, and rulers of tens. 22 And let them judge thepeople at all times. Then it will be that every greatmatter they shall bring to you, but every smallmatter they themselves shall judge…”
Elders Ezekiel 3417 ‘And as for you, O My flock, thus says the Lord GOD: “Behold, Ishall judge between sheep and sheep, between rams andgoats…19 And as for My flock, they eat what you have trampledwith your feet, and they drink what you have fouled with yourfeet…you have pushed with side and shoulder, butted all theweak ones with your horns, and scattered themabroad, 22 therefore I will save My flock, and they shall nolonger be a prey…23 I will establish one shepherd over them,and he shall feed them—My servant David…24 And I, the LORD,will be their God, and My servant David a prince among them; I,the LORD, have spoken.
Elders  / Another sandwich 1 Timothy 32A bishop then must be blameless
Elders  / Another sandwich …the husband of one wife Letter begins and temperate, sober-minded ends with of good behaviour commands to hospitable, avoid false teaching. able to teach; 3 not given to wine not violent not greedy for money but gentle, not quarrelsome, not covetous4 one who rules his own house well, having his children in submissionwith all reverence 5 (for if a man does not know how to rule his ownhouse, how will he take care of the church of God?)6 not a novice, lest being puffed up with pride he fall into thesame condemnation as the devil.
Elders  / Another sandwich 7 Moreover he must have a goodtestimony among those who areoutside, lest he fall into reproach and thesnare of the devil.
Elders  / Another sandwich Elders representJesus to thecommunity
Elders  / A one woman man1 Timothy 3:2, 3:12μιᾶσ γυναικὸσ ἄνδραone woman manProverbs 519 As a loving deer and a graceful doe,Let her breasts satisfy you at all times;And always be enraptured with her love.
Elders Titus 15 For this reason I left you in Crete, that you should set inorder the things that are lacking, and appoint elders[πρεςβυτζρουσ] in every city as I commanded you— 6 if a manis blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful childrennot accused of dissipation or insubordination. 7 For a bishop[ἐπίςκοπον] must be blameless, as a steward of God, not self-willed, not quick-tempered, not given to wine, not violent, notgreedy for money, 8 but hospitable, a lover of what is good,sober-minded, just, holy, self-controlled, 9 holding fast thefaithful word as he has been taught [διδαχὴν], that he maybe able, by sound doctrine [διδαςκαλίᾳ], both to exhort[παρακαλεῖν] and convict those who contradict.
Teach = teach? 1 Timothy 3:2διδακτικόνable to teach
Teach = teach? 1 Timothy 2 [again]12 And I do not permit a woman to teach[διδάςκειν] or [οὐδὲ] to have authority[αὐθεντεῖν] over a man, but to be in silence.13 ForAdam was formed first, then Eve. 14 And Adam wasnot deceived, but the woman being deceived, fellinto transgression. 15 Nevertheless she will be savedin childbearing if they continue in faith, love, andholiness, with self-control.
Teach = teach? Luke 424 Then He said, “Assuredly [ Ἀμὴν], I say to you,no prophet is accepted in his own country ...28 So all those in the synagogue, when they heardthese things, were filled with wrath, 29 and rose upand thrust Him out of the city; and they led Him tothe brow of the hill on which their city was built,that they might throw Him down over thecliff. 30 Then passing through the midst of them, Hewent His way.
Teach = teach? James 31 My brethren, let not many of you becometeachers [διδάςκαλοι], knowing that we shallreceive a stricter judgment.
Teach = teach? 1 Corinthians 112 …I praise you, brethren, that you…keep thetraditions just as I delivered them to you…5 Butevery woman who prays or prophesieswith her head uncovered dishonours herhead…13 Judge among yourselves. Is it proper fora woman to pray to God with her headuncovered?
Teach = teach? Acts 1825 This man had been instructed in the way ofthe Lord; and being fervent in spirit, he spokeand taught accurately the things of the Lord,though he knew only the baptism of John. 26 Sohe began to speak boldly in the synagogue.When Aquila and Priscilla heard him, they tookhim aside and explained [ἐξζθεντο] to him theway of God more accurately [ἀκριβζςτερον].
Teach = teach? Titus 21 But as for you, speak the things which are proper forsound doctrine [διδαςκαλίᾳ]: 2 that the older men besober, reverent, temperate, sound in faith, in love, inpatience; 3 the older women likewise, that they bereverent in behaviour, not slanderers, not given to muchwine, teachers of good things[καλοδιδαςκάλουσ]— 4 thatthey admonish the young women to love their husbands,to love their children, 5 to be discreet, chaste,homemakers, good, obedient to their own husbands, thatthe word of God may not be blasphemed.
Silence = silence? Luke 236 Now there was one, Anna, a prophetess, thedaughter of Phanuel, of the tribe of Asher. Shewas of a great age, and had lived with a husbandseven years from her virginity; 37 and thiswoman was a widow of about eighty-four years,who did not depart from the temple, butserved God with fastings and prayers night andday.
Silence = silence? Acts 218 On the next day we who were Paul’scompanions departed and came to Caesarea,and entered the house of Philip the evangelist,who was one of the seven, and stayed withhim. 9 Now this man had four virgin daughterswho prophesied.
Silence = silence? Only in church?Church = called out community not buildingTemple = buildingWomen spoke in the temple, e.g. Anna
Deacons 1 Timothy 38 Likewise deacons must be reverent, not double-tongued, notgiven to much wine, not greedy for money, 9 holding the mystery of the faith with a pure conscience. 10 But let these also first be tested; then let them serve as deacons, being found blameless.11 Likewise, their wives must be reverent, not slanderers,temperate, faithful in all things.12 Let deacons be the husbands of one wife,ruling their children and their own houses well.
Deacons 1 Timothy 313 For those who have served well as deaconsobtain for themselves a good standing and greatboldness in the faith which is in Christ Jesus.Acts 2035 In everything I did, I showed you that by this kindof hard work we must help the weak, rememberingthe words the Lord Jesus himself said: ‘It is moreblessed to give than to receive.’ ”
Therefore…Both men and women are gifted to exhort and buildup one another [whole bible].Women can have any role in the church except[perhaps?] to be an authenticating teacher or elder[1 Timothy 2:12].Men and women should be trained and testedbefore taking on specific ministry roles [1 Timothy3:10].It is more blessed to give than to receive [Acts20:35].
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