Open educational resources in
                               Learning Networks
                                           ...
Overview

                   • a bit of personal history
                   • varieties of being ‘open’
                  ...
History



Wednesday, June 10, 2009
• Isaac Asimov: The Foundation
         Trilogy, 1951
       • about a psycho-historian, living
         in about 12,000 A...
• Sir Karl Popper: The Open
         Society and its Enemies
         (1945), The Poverty of
         Historicism (1957)
 ...
• an open society is an end in itself, because it
                           takes the interests of its participants at
  ...
The ‘Open Movements’



Wednesday, June 10, 2009
Open
         Interoperability
            Standards
       • oldest member
       • about interoperability
       • creat...
Open Source
                Code
       • Richard Stallman’s Free
           Software Foundation: software
           code...
Open Content (OER)

                   • ‘knowledge is a public good’, Fred Mulder;
                           ‘music shou...
Open Learning
                   • started in the 1970s and 80s (OU ’69,
                           OUNL, OUJ ’84)
       ...
• the open movement is characterised by
                           both a moral justification and pragmatic
               ...
Open Learning in
                           Learning Networks


Wednesday, June 10, 2009
Open Universities

                   • distance teaching
                   • second best - no direct interaction among
 ...
Learning Networks

                   • Learning Networks, new bid for open
                           learning or profess...
Learning Networks (2)
                   • using web 2.0 technologies
                   • using any resource available, b...
On to my colleagues ...



Wednesday, June 10, 2009
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various forms of being 'open', as in Popper's the Open Society

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presentation at the international conference on distance education, maastricht, netherlands, june 9, 2009; on the 'open movement'

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various forms of being 'open', as in Popper's the Open Society

  1. 1. Open educational resources in Learning Networks Peter B. Sloep ICDE June 7-9, 2009, Maastricht, Netherlands Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  2. 2. Overview • a bit of personal history • varieties of being ‘open’ • Learning Networks and open educational resources Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  3. 3. History Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  4. 4. • Isaac Asimov: The Foundation Trilogy, 1951 • about a psycho-historian, living in about 12,000 AD • psycho-history is the science that captures societal development in statistical laws Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  5. 5. • Sir Karl Popper: The Open Society and its Enemies (1945), The Poverty of Historicism (1957) • no general laws of historical development at the system level, only laws on interaction between people • open society: devises rules that minimise the risks of bad rulers Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  6. 6. • an open society is an end in itself, because it takes the interests of its participants at heart (moral stance) • openness in society is a means to the end of fairness, achieved through ‘tinkering’, piecemeal change (pragmatic stance) • idea: openness as used by Popper has wider ramifications than political philosophy alone Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  7. 7. The ‘Open Movements’ Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  8. 8. Open Interoperability Standards • oldest member • about interoperability • creates a level playing field for vendors, contra monopolies (moral) • economic benefits for consumers, more competition, no vendor lock-in (pragmatic) Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  9. 9. Open Source Code • Richard Stallman’s Free Software Foundation: software code as public good (moral) • make money through services, not code; maintain code jointly (pragmatic) Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  10. 10. Open Content (OER) • ‘knowledge is a public good’, Fred Mulder; ‘music should be freely downloadable’, Swedish Pirate party (moral) • economy of scales; better quality (pragmatic) Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  11. 11. Open Learning • started in the 1970s and 80s (OU ’69, OUNL, OUJ ’84) • access to education for all, self- determination (moral) • fighting the rising cost of education, seizing business opportunities (pragmatic) Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  12. 12. • the open movement is characterised by both a moral justification and pragmatic benefits • they should remain intertwined, just as in Popper’s conception of an open society • pragmatics without morals degrades into opportunism, morals without pragmatics may turn into ‘zealotism’ Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  13. 13. Open Learning in Learning Networks Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  14. 14. Open Universities • distance teaching • second best - no direct interaction among students or teacher and students • but the advent of fast, affordable networked computers can change all this .. Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  15. 15. Learning Networks • Learning Networks, new bid for open learning or professional development • distributed: online networks of partially overlapping communities • collaborative: peers support each other Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  16. 16. Learning Networks (2) • using web 2.0 technologies • using any resource available, but thriving on open (educational) resources • using open source-like business model: make money through additional services • offer room for open innovation Wednesday, June 10, 2009
  17. 17. On to my colleagues ... Wednesday, June 10, 2009

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