March 2011 Apwa PresentationPresentation Transcript
Broward County Recycling and Solid Waste Management: 2011 UpdatePresented to American Public Works Association, South Florida ChapterBy Phil Bresee, Recycling Program Manager, Broward CountyMarch 24, 2011 1
Overview of Solid Waste and Recycling in Broward County 2 Broward cities provide for solid waste (MSW) and recycling collection services within their jurisdictions. Municipal Franchise agreements (exclusive and non-exclusive) Municipal fleet collections Disposal capacity includes WTE plants, WM’s Central Disposal Landfill, Reuters MSW transfer operation. Recyclables processed primarily through Reuters MRF; other independent MRFs. All cities provide some level of residential recycling service Large C&D debris collection and processing infrastructure. Office of Waste and Recycling Services – provides programs and services for Resource Recovery System (RRS) cities; provides non-RRS services including School Board recycling and state MSW reports. Photo courtesy of City of Fort Lauderdale
Recent MSW and Recycling Trends in Broward County * WTE = Gross amount combusted 3
How Should We Manage our Solid Waste? 4 U.S. EPA created MSW management hierarchy in late 1980s. Source, or waste reduction means minimizing or not creating waste in the first place. Reuse and then recycling are preferred way to manage materials.
Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) Contributions to GHG Emissions 5 = GHG emissions from “stuff” that becomes waste Source: Governor’s Climate Action Team, 2008 Source: U.S. EPA, September 2009
Environmental Benefits of Recycling 6 Greenhouse gases (GHG) are emitted during product life-cycles. Recycling and waste reduction can be effective tools for reducing GHG by:
Reducing / eliminating emissions from raw materials extraction
Reducing emissions from energy consumption during manufacturing
Increases carbon sequestration (paper recycling)
Reducing methane emissions from landfills
Illustration courtesy of U.S. EPA
Environmental Benefits of Recycling & Waste Reduction (cont.) 7 US EPA and ICLEI (Local Governments for Sustainability) have developed models that allows communities to calculate GHG reduction benefits of recycling. Based on nationwide recycling rate of 33% of MSW in 2007, estimated benefits were equivalent to:
Reduced GHG emissions of 193 million metric tons of CO2e
Removing 35 million cars from the road
930,000 railcars of coal burned
Annual electricity usage by about 23.5 million households.
Saving the use of 240 million barrels of oil
Source: US EPA; E. Dorn, RW Beck, 2008.
Economic Benefits of Recycling 8 Recycling is value-added, creating more jobs per ton handled than disposal. According to national economic study in 2001, US recycling and reuse industry accounted for:
$236 billion in annual revenues.
56,000+ recycling & reuse establishments.
Employment of 1.1 million with annual payroll of $37 billion.
Florida study determined:
$4.4 billion in annual revenues.
3,700 recycling and reuse establishments.
Employment base of 32,000 with payroll of $765 million.
Recyclables are commodities. (commodity prices have been impacted by global recession) Illustration courtesy of US EPA.
Residential Recycling County assists curbside recycling in RRS cities through management of Materials Recovery Facility (MRF) contract. Single-Stream, or “All-In-One” since 2009. County staff led a series of workshops for cities in advance. Increase of 12% in residential recyclables in FY 2010; on pace for further increases in FY 2011. County rebates cities revenues earned from the MRF contract. Residential recycling is typically backbone of overall recycling strategies. 9
Residential Recycling - Multifamily County and partner cities have begun to refocus efforts on condominium and apartment recycling programs. About 45% of Broward County homes are considered multifamily. Cities facilitate multifamily recycling through:
Part of solid waste & recycling collections contract
Property managers/HOAs need ability to “right-size” garbage service levels. County staff assists partner cities with:
Site visits & inspections
Outreach materials, events and city-wide workshops
Electronics and HHW Recycling E-Cycling and Household Hazardous Waste programs managed jointly and include: Resident drop-off at three permanent stations 12 HHW and E-cycling collection events with partner cities; E-Cycling only for Earth Day, America Recycles Day and other one day collection events Electronics are recycled; HHW is either recycled or disposed of in HHW permitted facilities. Both programs continue to see strong participation and growth (more than 3 million lbs. of material captured between them in FY 2011). 11
Recycling at Broward County Public Schools County provides service through ILA with the School Board (non-RRS program). RCAD works to establish linkages between recycling at school and at home. Combined with county government agencies = ~340 facilities. School Board recycles nearly 2,500 tons of material per year, saving nearly $1 million through avoided disposal. 12
Other County Programs and Services County staff has helped guide new approaches through contract and program management, workshops, meetings, reports, program proposals, etc. Increased E-Cycling opportunities Single-stream recycling RecycleBank Technical assistance (standard contract language, sample RFPs) Recycling assistance grants Webinars through SWANA, U.S. EPA, etc. County provides broader, RRS-based program outreach but has also added focus in recent years. Partnerships with cities for event and workshops Recycling outreach template materials for use by cities 13
What’s in Broward County’s MSW? 14 Big targets for recycling remain in Broward’s MSW stream...
“OK. What do we do now?”
City-County and State policy goals and operational realities have begun to converge:
Flat-lined overall recycling rates and state’s 75% Diversion goal
City SW franchise agreement expirations
2010 collection efficiencies workshops
City sustainability plans and initiatives
County Climate Change Action Plan
County Comp. Plan’s Solid Waste Element
Increased recycling is common denominator. 15
Florida’s 75% Recycling & Diversion Goal 16 Counties must meet in 2020 with incremental goals begin 2012 (40%). Creates Recycling Business Assistance Council (RBAC).
Market development crucial
Overall county C&D plan and pre-processing requirements City expectations:
Design for recycling part of commercial C.O.
City and public entity recycling reporting requirements (to county)
“Renewable energy credits.” WTE formula creates 100%+ diversion rates…
Administrative rule-making suspended by governor in January; to be reviewed.
Broward County Climate Change Action Plan Goals 17 Photo courtesy of San Francisco Dept. of the Environment
Broward County Climate Change Action Plan Goals (cont.) 18
Broward County Comprehensive Plan’s Solid Waste Element Goals 19
Some Initial Steps Underway:
Hollywood (February, 2010) has seen 130% increase in recyclables collected; Sunrise to begin Summer, 2011
Roll-out Carts for recycling (& automated MSW collections).
In Parkland, Hollywood, Coconut Creek, West Park…
Others to follow soon (Sunrise)
Green waste collections and public space recycling in Ft. Lauderdale.
Goals dependent on strong city-county relationships.
Ensure consistency among city and county goals.
Establish realistic goals and performance indicators.
Partnerships allows for better resource utilizationand economies of scale.
Cities manage “touch-point” elements – collections, outreach.
Cities can lead through new contract approaches, ordinances, etc.
Conclusions Recycling continues to be a “low-hanging fruit” for cities and counties to use to help reduce their carbon footprints. Uses infrastructure already in place. Recycling is also seen as a “gateway” to other positive environmental behaviors. Convergence of legislation, city and county goals, technology, economics present “green” opportunity to change Broward County’s MSW management paradigm. Questions? Contact: firstname.lastname@example.org 22 Graphic courtesy of Arlington County Virginia