http://www.wordle.net/. Images of Wordles are licensed Imagining and Building a Nation
Belonging Identity Social practice Class Race and Gender Constructivist approaches
National Ethnic Racial Contingent cultural creations
Benedict Anderson Courtesy of: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:CentralAvenueCornell2.jpg Courtesy of: www.culcom.uio.no/english/news/2005/anderson.html
Imagined Community NATION Print publishing PRINT CAPITALISM Standardized language Common print language Anderson places the conception of ‘nation’ at the emergence of print publishing. Courtesy of: http://picturelibrary.wordpress.com/2008/05/15/visual-literacy/
Common print language The primary catalyst for transforming religious language, dynastic organization, and time consciousness willingness to die for their nation, rather than for an abstract ideology Courtesy of: http://www.heymancenter.org/ImageStorage/Img--00000263.jpg
How do we imagine a nation? Nationalism encourages good behaviour...
Imagined Communities…the work has been strongly criticized
Radhika Desai, Professor of Political Studies at the University of Manitoba http://umanitoba.academia.edu/RadhikaDesai
Neo-liberalism and its derivatives smoothed the path away from the rich traditions of theorizing politics, political economy and history, not to mention culture
EnriqCastelló,Researcher at the Public University of Tarragona, Catalonia Nation-building Role of fictional television Courtesy of: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Universitat_Rovira_i_Virgili.jpg Courtesy of: http://wwwa.urv.cat/noticies/diari_digital/cgi/principal.pl?fitxer=noticies/noticia006965.htm
Castelló’sConstructivist Model decentralization of certain state competences, is essential to the current resurgence of western stateless nations. Castelló sees television as the primary link that people have to society at large Courtesy of: http://www.tvgasm.com/shows/images/ageoflove/season1/television.gif
WHICH mechanisms define the nation HOW organizational and political power work WHY fiction, as a text, is especially important
Signifiers of nation to enhance a view of nationhood Strong localized tradition To enhance independence Rather than succumb to American media dominance http://www.insidesocal.com/tv/Television%207.jpg
Nation building – 4 main ways Localization and territory Language Cultural representation Historical references
National realities Repetition of narratives and cultural symbolism in television fiction is a powerful generator of national realities
Localization and Territory In television shows, territory is represented through title presentations, via transitional shots between scenes, in outdoor scenes, and in characters. Courtesy of: http://thefilmjunkiespopcultureblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/canadian-famous.html
Language issues and uses Many nations use fictional television drama as a way to revitalize national interest in lesser-used languages
Cultural Representations and Social Values Social values and community reaction to daily struggle is entrenched in traditional social values
Historical Issues Traditional historical holidays incorporated into fictional programming to give context and placement to characters and settings.
National Culture Ordinary Normal
What makes the national identity banal? What does ‘Canada’ signify?
Television fiction is a cultural product that is created and consumed as a routine.
Can a ‘fiction’ a thousand times repeated be understood as a ‘fact’?
HomiBhabha nationality as a cultural construct power relations crucial Who is legitimated to tell the nation’s story we have to understand who tells the story, and how the story is told
PriyaJha, Christopher Gittings, and Hyangjin Lee
Jha - Production discourses Bollywood cinema “consolidated national identity” the contestation of nationalism and gender.
Ideological and Representational Dimension while the narrative appeared to hold place for women the melodrama of the song space erased women from the social order Discover how the CINEMATIC EXCESS of film may direct the spectator to read films as OPPOSITIONAL cultural practices.
Gittings – trajectory of the Mountie Literary Television Cinematicnarratives
The MOST commonly recognized signifier for CANADA Courtesy of: http://thefilmjunkiespopcultureblog.blogspot.com/2009/11/canadian-famous.html
Lee’s study: Contemporary Korean cinema Class Althusser Nationhood Gramsi Gender Issues Foucault Neo-Marxist Poststructuralist Postmodern Theories Address the significance of film as an ideological apparatus
National messages are encoded in media
Power of New Media technology Positive banal nationalism Recovering & restoring National stage Connections ‘Normalize’ and ‘Standardized’ Language History Traditions
Aboriginal People’s Television Network Established in 1999 To express Aboriginal culture First Nations standpoint
New means to communicate and connect with other indigenous groups
Aboriginal People’s Television Network APTN Mission “To SHARE our People’s journey, CELEBRATE our cultures, INSPIRE our children and HONOUR the wisdom of our Elders” Economic Impact With a 2007 operating budget of $26.5 MILLION, and a net income of $9.3 million, APTN’s ECONOMIC IMPACT on the Aboriginal production community and related Canadian media industry CANNOT BE UNDERSTATED.
Storytelling traditions Aboriginal concepts of hope, struggle, wholeness, history, healing, relationships, family and traditions
Celebration of accomplishments healing culture dance sports achievement survival Unity and diversity amongst Aboriginal peoples issues of fellow Indigenous people in other countries hopes, dreams and struggles
Castello’s 4 identifiers of nation building We look at these elements in light of Aboriginal Peoples Television Network
Four identifiers of nation building Localization and Territory Comedy series which details the life of a blended family in a Northern Alberta town Courtesy of: http://www.aptn.ca/series/id,39331760
Language Issues and Uses the move fromspoken language to print the role of modern mass media allowsfor many voices, speaking a variety of languages Voices of the Land explore the diversity and talent of independent Aboriginal documentary producers. The children’s show, Raven’s Tales is broadcast in four languages, English, French, Cree and Haida Courtesy of: http://www.aptn.ca/series/id,15163730
Cultural Representation & Social Issues Cashing In Your eye on the yukon Your Eye on the Yukon, “provides a window to Yukon First Nation culture and traditional values” Courtesy of : http://www.aptn.ca/series/id,20720631 Cashing In is a dramatic comedy series about casino life on a fictional Aboriginal reserve in southern Manitoba. Courtesy of: http://www.aptn.ca/series/id,29199150
Historical and institutional references Blackfly is set in a frontier fort in colonial Canada, and includes a mixed cast of Aboriginal, British, and Scottish characters. http://www.aptn.ca/series/id,44605217
Nation building is a story of representation - an autobiography as site of contestation where diverse political versions of the nation are debated WHO is telling the story and HOW
Nation building A nation needs its own fiction That is the end of our story…
Team 5 Darcie Davidson Robyn Yaredic Marie Chatterton Ryan Bartlett Pam Botterill Colleen Boyle Jean MacGregor
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Aboriginal Peoples Television Network. (n.d.). Factsheet. Retrieved from: http://www.aptn.ca/corporate/facts.php
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