SETTING THE SCENE WHAT IS OUR MAIN QUESTION? WHAT ARE OUR KEY QUESTIONS? WHERE IS OUR STUDY AREA? (Location map(s), written description) WHAT ARE OUR INTENDED OUTCOMES? HOW DOES THE FIELDWORK RELATE TO OUR SCHEME OF WORK? WHAT COASTAL PROCESSES WILL WE STUDY? WHAT BACKGROUND CAN WE RESEARCH?
SETTING THE SCENE MIND MAP Westward Ho! Fieldtrip Setting the Scene COASTAL PROCESSES MAIN QUESTION STUDY AREA INTENDED OUTCOMES LINKS TO WORK SCHEMES KEY QUESTIONS BACKGROUND RESEARCH
HOW AND WHY DO COASTAL FEATURES VARY IN THE WESTWARD HO! AREA? MAIN QUESTION:
HOW AND WHY DO COASTAL FEATURES VARY IN THE WESTWARD HO! AREA? KEY QUESTIONS # WHAT IS THE ENVIRONMENT AROUND WESTWARD HO! LIKE? - What physical features are found in this area? - What human features are found in this area? # WHAT COASTAL PROCESSES ARE TAKING PLACE IN THE W’WARD HO! AREA? - What wave patterns can be identified in this area? - What landforms have been created by erosion? - What evidence can we collect to prove that landforms have been created or modified by erosion? # WHAT ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS HAVE BEEN EMPLOYED TO DEFEND THE WESTWARD HO! COASTLINE? - What methods of coastal defence can be identified in this area? - How effective are coastal defence solutions in this area? # HOW & WHY DOES THE PEBBLE RIDGE CHANGE AS YOU TRAVEL NORTH? - What evidence can we find to prove that longshore drift is taking place here? - What measurements can we collect to describe the shape of the pebble ridge? # WHAT WILL THIS PART OF THE COASTLINE LOOK LIKE IN THE FUTURE? - How serious is the threat of flooding in this area? - Will a policy of ‘managed retreat’ change the appearance of this area?
CORRASION (ABRASION) – is caused by large waves hurling beach material against a cliff HYDRAULIC ACTION – is the force of waves compressing air in cracks in a cliff SOLUTION (CORROSION) – is when salts and other acids in seawater slowly dissolves a cliff ATTRITION – is when waves cause rocks and boulders to collide and break up into smaller particles PROCESS OF EROSION
CORRASION CORRASION (ABRASION) – is caused by large waves hurling beach material against a cliff
HYDRAULIC ACTION HYDRAULIC ACTION – is the force of waves compressing air in cracks in a cliff
Often responsible for PROBLEMS FURTHER DOWN THE COAST
THERE ARE FIVE MAIN
HARD ENGINEERING DEFENCES :
GROYNES Groynes are wooden structures placed at right angles to the coast where longshore drift occurs. They reduce movement of material along the coast, and hold the beach in place. This protects cliffs from erosion and protects low areas from flooding. COST = £6000 each!
BACKGROUND RESEARCH MAPS www.multimap.co.uk www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk www.mappy.com www.earth.google.com http://digimapforschools.edina.ac.uk (User name: EX364LA Password: aerugx88) COASTS www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/geography/coastal http://getrevising.co.uk . . www.geographyfieldwork.com/GeographyVocabularyGCSECoasts http://www.geographyalltheway.com/igcse_geography/natural_environments/marine_processes/igcse_coasts.htm http://www.s-cool.co.uk/gcse/geography.html WESTWARD HO! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Westward_Ho! http://www.ussher.org.uk/journal/80s/1989/documents/Keene_1989.pdf http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_Devon_Coast IF YOU HAVE ANY OTHER USEFUL SITES—LET US ALL KNOW!
COLLECTING THE DATA WHAT DAT COLLECTION METHODS WILL WE USE?