SETTING THE SCENE WHAT IS OUR MAIN QUESTION? WHAT ARE OUR KEY QUESTIONS? WHERE IS OUR STUDY AREA? (Location map(s), written description) WHAT ARE OUR INTENDED OUTCOMES? HOW DOES THE FIELDWORK RELATE TO OUR SCHEME OF WORK? WHAT COASTAL PROCESSES WILL WE STUDY? WHAT BACKGROUND CAN WE RESEARCH?
WHY IS THERE A NEED TO PROTECT THE COAST IN YOUR CHOSEN AREA? MAIN QUESTION:
WHY IS THERE A NEED TO PROTECT THE COAST IN YOUR CHOSEN AREA? KEY QUESTIONS # WHERE IS THE CHOSEN STUDY AREA? - How can we describe the location of our study area? - What physical features are found in this area? - What human features are found in this area? # IS THERE EVIDENCE OF ACTIVE EROSION AND WEATHERING IN THIS AREA? - What wave patterns can be identified in this area? - What landforms have been created by erosion and weathering? - What other coastal processes are evident in this area? # WHAT METHODS OF COASTAL MANAGEMENT HAVE BEEN ADOPTED TO PROTECT THIS AREA? - What methods of hard engineering can be identified in this area? - What methods of soft engineering can be identified in this area? - How effective are coastal defence solutions in this area? # ARE AGEING COASTAL DEFENCES DETERIORATING? - What evidence can we find of coastal defences being destroyed by the sea? # WHAT RISKS EXIST TO LOCAL PROPERTIES AND AMENITIES? - Can we find buildings or services under threat? # WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FOR THIS AREA OF PROJECTED SEA LEVEL RISE IN THE FUTURE? - How will rising sea levels affect this area? - What will this area be like in the future?
CORRASION (ABRASION) – is caused by large waves hurling beach material against a cliff HYDRAULIC ACTION – is the force of waves compressing air in cracks in a cliff SOLUTION (CORROSION) – is when salts and other acids in seawater slowly dissolves a cliff ATTRITION – is when waves cause rocks and boulders to collide and break up into smaller particles PROCESS OF EROSION
HYDRAULIC ACTION HYDRAULIC ACTION – is the force of waves compressing air in cracks in a cliff
Often responsible for PROBLEMS FURTHER DOWN THE COAST
THERE ARE FIVE MAIN
HARD ENGINEERING DEFENCES :
GROYNES Groynes are wooden structures placed at right angles to the coast where longshore drift occurs. They reduce movement of material along the coast, and hold the beach in place. This protects cliffs from erosion and protects low areas from flooding. COST = £6000 each!