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Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
Ayw pc adv
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Ayw pc adv

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  • 1. Latest Advancements in the PC World Parag Beeraka American YouthWorks Digital Connectors Summer Program
  • 2. Agenda <ul><li>What has changed in the recent years </li></ul><ul><li>What might change going forward </li></ul><ul><li>What’s the best way to be up to date </li></ul>
  • 3. What has changed recently ? <ul><li>Have you heard about the following </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU’s - Intel’s Sandy Bridge (Core i7, i5, i3), AMD Fusion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hard Drives – SSD (Solid State Drives) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Memory – DDR3 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>I/O - USB3, Thunderbolt, HDMI </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>BIOS – UEFI </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. CPU’s – Changes
  • 5. CPU’s – Intel SandyBridge
  • 6. CPU’s – AMD Fusion
  • 7. The new Motherboard <ul><li>Intel BD82HM65 Platform Controller Hub </li></ul><ul><li>AMD Radeon HD 6490M GPU </li></ul><ul><li>Quad-Core Intel i7-2630QM Mobile Processor </li></ul>
  • 8. Motherboards – Intel
  • 9. Motherboards – AMD
  • 10. Hard Drives <ul><li>Magnetic Drives </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speed and Capacity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Speed - 7200, 10000, 15000 RPM </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher the Speed - The more expensive and faster </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity – 250 GB, 500 GB, 1 TB (TeraByte = 1024 GB) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Higher the Capacity – The more expensive </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use SCSI, PATA, SATA I, II, III to connect to the MotherBoard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have Caches to speed up access to Disk </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>SSD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FLASH based media - No Rotating Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Getting Popular – Expensive when compared with IDE but way FASTER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Use SATA II, III to connect to the Motherboard </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 11. Hard Drives
  • 12. Hard Drives <ul><li>RAID (0/1/2/3/4/5/6) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology for replicating and recovering Data </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Combine Multiple Disk Components into one Logical Unit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>For superior replication and recovery - Need support in the Chipset </li></ul></ul>
  • 13. Memory <ul><li>RAM – Random Access Memory </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Static RAM (SRAM), Dynamic RAM (DRAM) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SRAM is faster and expensive – Difficult to manufacture larger SRAM’s </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DRAM is the memory used in all the computers (DDR, DDR2, DDR3) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DDR3 &gt; DDR2 &gt; DDR1 ( Faster and Lower Power) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>DRAM (SDRAM) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available as DIMM, SO-DIMM, microDIMM Memory Modules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DIMM – Arranged in Rows and Columns (Used in Desktops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>SO-DIMM – Small Outline DIMM (Used in Laptops) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single Sided &amp; Double Sided DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Used mainly for more capacity (8GB can contain two 4GB DIMM’s in double sided) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Single, Dual and Quad Ranked DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DIMM’s provide multiple Banks for more capacity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 14. Memory <ul><li>DRAM (Continued…) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Available as Buffered (Registered), Unbuffered DIMM’s and Fully Buffered DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Buffered DIMM’s are used in Servers (Better Reliability but Expensive) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ECC, Parity Check, Parity Error built into DRAM </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Methods to make sure Memory is not corrupted </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SPD – Serial Presence Detect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Describes Memory Size, Voltage of the DIMM to the BIOS </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>RIMM, SIMM are other DRAM technologies that didn’t become too popular </li></ul></ul>
  • 15. Memory
  • 16. Memory <ul><li>Dual Channel / Triple Channel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU’s talk to Multiple DIMM Slots at the same time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use the Same Speed DIMM’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Present day CPU’s support Triple Channel </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Memory
  • 18. I/O <ul><li>Expansion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>USB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical MaxSpeed of 5Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Main advantage of USB is wide user base and its ability to carry POWER </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Backwards compatible with USB1.0 and USB2.0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Move towards Universal Connectivity </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thunderbolt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Proprietary technology by Intel – Supported by Apple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical MaxSpeed of 10Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available only in latest Apple MacBook Pro laptops </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PCIe </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gen3 - Theoretical MaxSpeed of 8Gbps </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Usually used to connect Additional Graphics Cards / Audio etc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  • 19. I/O – Speed Comparisons
  • 20. I/O – USB 3.0 New Connector for PC’s
  • 21. I/O - Display <ul><li>Display </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Two new standards to replace VGA, DVI ports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>HDMI </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty based standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>DisplayPort </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Royalty free standard </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Audio and Video can use only one cable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support for &gt; 1080p Resolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Support Content Protection (You cannot play illegal Blurays  ) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the newer laptops have either one but not both </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. I/O – Display HDMI Display Port
  • 23. I/O - Network <ul><li>Network </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different ways to connect to the Internet nowadays </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Ethernet - 1Gbps is the standard now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>10Gbps, 100Gbps, Fibre Channel – Slowly getting Adopted </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Wireless - 802.11n is the standard now </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Theoretical Max of 600Mbps </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3G / 4G Technologies and Wi-max </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Technologies used in the phone can also be used in Laptops </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Available via USB Dongles for the On-The-Go connectivity </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bluetooth </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Exchange data over short distances </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  • 24. UEFI <ul><li>UEFI – Universal Extensible Firmware Interface </li></ul><ul><li>Common layer above some minimal BIOS (POST, Init etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Many Motherboard Vendors are moving towards UEFI </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU Independent Architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster Bootup Time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motherboard vendors can customize easily </li></ul></ul>
  • 25. What might change going Forward <ul><li>Push to Tablet based Computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>CPU’s from Intel and AMD are x86 based </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Laptops and Desktops are x86 based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New push from Mobile Chip Vendors to manufacture Tablets based on ARM Architecture (Interesting Battle going on) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>iPhone, iPAD and most of the mobile phones are ARM Based </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use Laptops as a Primary Device – Use Tablets for Entertainment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>World is going more and more mobile (Even Business’s) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cellphones are being used for more than just Texting and Talking </li></ul></ul>
  • 26. What might change going forward <ul><li>Push towards Cloud Computing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the data is saved on the Internet (Email, Documents, Presentations, Tax Data etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Main advantage is that you can access the data anywhere as long as you have an Internet Connection from any PC / Tablet. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on Graphics </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Youtube videos will be more crisp and clear on Laptops / Tablets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Play High Definition games on Laptops / Tablets / Phones </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More emphasis on Security </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Since all the data is in the cloud, more Hackers will be eager to hack data </li></ul></ul>
  • 27. What might change going forward <ul><li>More emphasis on Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Just imagine how much data will be transferred from all these network controlled devices </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your Televisions will also be connected to the Internet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can check Facebook messages / E-mail and Video Chat </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your Phones might control your Home / Car </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You can control the temperature of your A/C at Home from a phone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You can turn your car on and off from your phone </li></ul></ul>
  • 28. What’s the best way to be up to date <ul><li>Read, Read, Read </li></ul><ul><ul><li>www.anandtech.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.tomshardware.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>www.ifixit.com </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How To Books for Dummies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep up to date on the news ( www.theinquirer.net ) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Ask Questions when in doubt </li></ul><ul><ul><li>You might learn more than what you wanted </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Try to spend 30mins a day reading through some of the above websites or books based on computers during lunch or after school </li></ul>

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