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GROUP MEMBERS MONICA SINGH PRANITA PADTE SUNIL KUMAR ARIF RATHORE PAYEL GHOSH ANUP KUMAR
THE CONTINGENCY LEADERSHIPTHEORY Itsa class of behavioral theory that claims that there is no best way to organize a corporation, To lead a company, or To make decisions. Instead, the optimal course of action is contingent (dependent) upon the internal and external situations Several contingency approaches were developed in the late 1960s.
Contingency theories of leadership focus on particular variables related to the environment According to this theory, no leadership style is best in all situations. Success depends upon a number of variables, including the leadership style, qualities of the followers and aspects of the situation.
Contingency Approach Style Leader Traits Behavio Outcomes r (Performance, Position satisfaction, etc.) Needs Task Maturit StructurFollowers y e Situation Training Systems Cohesio Env. n
The leaders ability to lead is contingent upon various situational factors, including The leaders preferred style The capabilities Behaviors of followers and also various other situational factors.
There is not one single ideal approach to leading because circumstances vary. Change the behavior according to the situation. These particular situational or contingency models offer a framework or guide for being flexible and adaptable when leading.
SOME IMPORTANT CONTINGENCIESFOR COMPANIES ARE LISTED BELOW 1. Technology 2. Suppliers and distributors 3. Consumer interest groups 4. Customers and competitors 5. Government 6. Unions
MODELS IN CONTINGENCY LEADERSHIPTHEORY Kurt Lewins Three Styles model Tannenbaum and Schmidts Leadership Behavior Continuum model The Fiedler Contingency model Path-Goal theory Hersey & Blanchards Situational Leadership model(s) Bolman & Deals Four-Frame model
HOW TO APPLY IT Leaders should always be adaptable This is a theory that lends itself to that adaptability. If we recognize that success is a matter of having the right mix of skill and opportunity, you can evaluate what to bring to the table, and what to dismiss.
STRENGTHS Many researchers have tested it and was proven valid and reliable approach to explaining how leadership can be achieved Has a broadened understanding Predictive, so therefore provides useful information about the type of leadership Does not require that people are effective in all situations. Data collected from this theory can be useful
LIMITATIONS It has been criticized because it has failed to explain fully why people with certain leadership styles are more effective in some situations then others Sometimes mismatch between the leader and the situation in the workplace Various aspects of environment has to be considered
CONCLUSION Its very important for a leader to possess the quality of taking decisions in different situations Acting differently in different situations Think differently in different situations Various factors Circumstances play important role in this theory