CRIME AGAINST WOMEN: CAN WE TRACE ITS ROOTS IN SOCIO-POLITICO-ECONOMIC STRUCTURES IN INDIAN SOCIETY?
GROUP MEMBERS :ARIF RATHOREPAYEL GHOSHRACHANA BISHNOIRAHUL KUMARSNEHAL PATIL 2
Topics to be covered1. What is a crime?2. Types of crimes commonly prevalent in India against women3. Social factors4. Political factors5. Economic factors6. Administrative measures to protect women7. Suggested Remedial Measures8. Conclusion9. References 3
WHAT IS A CRIME?An act that is in breach of law and that can leada person liable to be tried in court of law.The Indian Penal Code, 1860 uses the word‘Offence’ in place of ‘Crime’. Section 40 of theIPC defines Offence as an act punishable bythe Code. 4
TYPES OF CRIMES COMMONLYPREVALENT IN INDIA AGAINSTWOMEN•Female foeticide and infanticide•Gender discrimination•Domestic violence•Dowry•Child marriages/forced marriages•Sexual offences1. Rape2. Molestation3. Trafficking4. Forced prostitution5. Forced prostitution 5
SOCIAL FACTORSWhat are Social Factors? Man is a social animal. Social structures, mores and norms have profound impact on a person’s life. This comes under social factors.Patriarchal structure of society• Feudal mindset• Gender discrimination• Subservient role of women• Objectification of women• Continuation of family name• Khap panchayat 6
POLITICAL FACTORSWhat are Political Factors?An activity related to government policy andits administrative practices that can haveits effect on people.Some Major Factors• Under representation of women in judiciary/executive/parliament• Gender discrimination in other elected bodies• Low representation of women in law enforcing bodies• Criminalization of politics 7
ECONOMIC FACTORSWhat are Economic Factors?Economic factors are those factors that affect employment, standard of living, income generation and income equality/inequality.Some Major Factors:•Non-inheritance of assets•Economic dependence on men•Siphoning off funds allocated to economically deprived women•Stereotyping of vocations•Large scale migration of men 8
ADMINISTRATIVE MEASURESTO PROTECT WOMEN‘Women Reservation Bill’ in Parliament (Pending)•Reservation of 33%for women at each level of legislative starting with the Lok Sabha, down to state and local legislatures.•If the Bill is passed, one-third of the total available seats would be reserved for women in national, state and local government.•In continuation of the existing provisions already mandating reservations for scheduled caste and scheduled tribes, one-third of such SC and ST candidates must be women.•Women farmer reservation bill tabled by M.S. Swaminathan as a private member bill in Rajya abha in 2011 9
SOME OF THERECOMMENDATIONS BYJUSTICE J.S.VERMA COMMITTEESUBMITTED ON 23RD JAN, 2013•Rape- 10 yrs to life imprisonment•Gang rape- 20 yrs to life imprisonment•Rape and murder- 20yrs to life imprisonment•Rape of a minor- minimum 10 yrs to life imprisonment 10
•Trafficking-7 to 10 yrs for trafficking a person, atleast 10 yrs for more than 1 person, 10 yrs to life for trafficking a minor, 14 yrs to life for more than 1 minor•Acid attack- 10 yrs to life, pay compensation to victim for atleast medical expenses•No death penalty for crimes against women•Juvenile age- Till 18 yrs 11
SOME OF THE POINTS OF THE PRESIDENTIAL ORDINANCE DECLARED ON 3RD FEB,2013• Rape that leads to death of the victim or leave the victim in vegetative state can attract death penalty.• It has proposed enhanced punishment for other crimes against women like stalking, voyeurism, acid attacks, indecent gestures like words and inappropriate touch and brings into its ambit marital rape.• It also proposes to replace the word ‘rape’ with ‘sexual assault’ to expand the definition of all types of sexual crimes against women.• If the acid attack victim kills the accused in the process of self-defence, then she will be protected under the ‘right to self defence’. 12
SUGGESTIONS TO REDUCECRIME AGAINST WOMEN•Implementation of the laws is the key•Need of fast track courts•Introduction of new school curriculum highlighting equality of women•Reforming society by launching a strong movement by social/political/spiritual leaders 13
CONCLUSIONYes, we can trace the roots of crime againstwomen in socio-politico-economicstructures in Indian society.If we want to change the society we have tostrike at the roots. 14
REFERENCES• Economic and political weekly- 16th Feb. 2013 vol. XLVIII NO.7• The Economist• My Feudal Lord By Tehmina Durrani Published in 1994• Newspapers- The Times of India, Mumbai mirror• Websites-1. www.ipc.in2. www.businessdictionary.com3. www.timesofindia.indiatimes.in4. www.yahooanswers.com5. www.sify.com6. www.rediff.com>news7. www.ibtimes.co.in8. www.firstpost.com9. www.theindianeconomy.com, Sunday, February 3, 2013 15
“A woman brought you into thisworld, so you don’t have anyright to disrespect one.”THANK YOU 16
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