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Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
Trai   Mix Of Ngn And Others
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Trai Mix Of Ngn And Others

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  • 1. Key Points In Liberalisation <ul><li>In 1984 private participation was allowed only in CPE and switch boards . </li></ul><ul><li>The reforms in 1991 involved exchange level switch manufacturing to private sector and </li></ul><ul><li>welcomed external investment </li></ul><ul><li>Policy was formulated with China as an example. China had 30 Govt agencies of diff ministries offering telecom services so the domestic market itself was large and so foreign investment was forthcoming.India did not have big domestic market with only DOT & MTNL </li></ul><ul><li>After the failure of the 1990 policy need was felt for private provision of services.Mainly wireless as interests of the incumbent operators needed to be protected and later by end of 1992 after much deliberation it was decided to open the LL market as well. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1994 India badly needed foreign exchange to pay external debt so it was decided to go in for competitive bidding for various circles for the wireless licenses and favoured technology was GSM. </li></ul><ul><li>The 1991 condition for local content manufacture also was dropped.So private service providers could procure and use equipment manufactured outside the country. </li></ul><ul><li>The cellular operators had pledged huge license fees in exchange of assured duopoly but they were struggling to pay the license fees. </li></ul>
  • 2. Institutional Framework for the Indian Telecommunication Govt. of India (Ministry of Communications &IT) Wireless Planning & Coordination Wing (WPC) DOT/ Telecom Commission Telecom Engineering Centre (TEC) TRAI Parliament of India Operators Manufacturers and System Integrators TDSAT Subscribers Executive and Licensing Recommendations for Licensing Type Approvals Spectrum Management Policy Making Regulation (Tariff, Interconnection, QOS) Dispute Resolution & Appeal for DOT & TRAI Directives Standardization & Technical Inspection Service Provision Act/ Legislation Making Equipment Supply Centre for Development of Telematics (C-DOT) Telecom R&D End Usage
  • 3. Categories of Telecom Licenses i) Access Providers (APs) ----- (Access to Customer/ Local Service) - Fixed Service Providers/ Basic Service Operators (BSO) - Cellular Mobile Service Providers (CMSP) - Internet Service Providers (ISP) - Cable TV Operators (CaTVO) ii) Long Distance Operators -----(Long Distance telecommunication) - National Long Distance Operators (NLDO) - International Long Distance Operators (ILDO) iii) Infrastructure Providers ------(Infrastructure to the Licensed Telecom Service Providers) - Infrastructure Provider Category –I (IP-I) - Infrastructure Provider Category –II (IP-II) iv) Value Added Service Providers -(Other than Access & Long Distance Services) - Public Mobile Radio Trunking Service Providers (PMRTS) - Paging Service Providers (PgSP) - VSAT Service Providers (VSATSP) - Voice Mail/ Unified Messaging Service Providers (VMSP/ UMSP) v) Other Service Providers (OSP) -----(Other than all above, Non-facility based Operators) - ITES, Call Centres - CUG (Closed User Group) - Emergency Communication Services - Tele-medicine, Tele-health, Tele-education etc. vi) Broadcast Services - Radio & TV Broadcast (FM, Terrestrial TV etc.) - DTH - Cable TV Combined as Unified Access Service (UAS) since Oct’03 To migrate to NLDO
  • 4. Telecom Regulatory Authority of India Estd by an Act in the Parliament in 1997 Need for TRAI Overestimated Bids for various telecom circles would have been avoided Level playing field as compared to Govt operators,interconnection, tariff setting. Dispute settlement between operators
  • 5. Principles of TRAI <ul><li>Transparency in a/cs of operators as incumbents can become anti-competitive </li></ul><ul><li>Certainty about the NTP so that all stake holders internal as well as foreign are assured. </li></ul>
  • 6. Problems with TRAI (1997-1999) <ul><li>Legal powers of TRAI were not specified by the Govt & so in many cases the judiciary asked the Govt to clearly specify the legal powers of TRAI. </li></ul><ul><li>The condition for the Chairperson of TRAI to be a serving or retired judge </li></ul>
  • 7. TRAI Act Amended (2000) <ul><li>TRAI was split into two entities (a) the regulatory body (NEW TRAI) (b) The Telecom Dispute Settlement body TDSAT. </li></ul><ul><li>The Chairperson need not be a Judge.Any civil servant or a person having experience in the relevant field. </li></ul><ul><li>The term of TRAI was reduced to three years from five. </li></ul>
  • 8. Functions of TRAI Recommendatory <ul><li>Need & timing for introduction of a new service provider ,terms and conditions of the license to the new SP. </li></ul><ul><li>Revocation of license to a SP. </li></ul><ul><li>Measures to facilitate & promote efficiency in telecom services,suggesting technological improvements and types of equipment used. </li></ul><ul><li>Efficient use of Spectrum. </li></ul>
  • 9. Functions of TRAI Authoritative <ul><li>Tariff Fixation </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure Compliance of the terms and conditions of the license. </li></ul><ul><li>Fix the terms and conditions of interconnectivity between two service providers including BSNL & others </li></ul><ul><li>Regulate the arrangements among the SPs regarding revenue sharing when reqd. </li></ul><ul><li>Ensure compliance of the USO </li></ul><ul><li>Lay down and ensure the QoS and conduct periodic surveys to assess the QoS </li></ul>

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