Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks ..
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Pawan b2w - Tatto Marks .. Presentation Transcript

  • 1. GOOD AFTERNOON
  • 2. TATTOO MARKS the new generation life style……!! BY :
  • 3. DR. APOORVA CHANDRA… siMs & rC…!!
  • 4. DEFINITION “Tattoos are designs made by multiple small puncture wounds , made through the skin with needles or similar penetrating tools dipped in colouring agents
  • 5. TATTOO HISTORY  The word tattoo comes from the Polynesian “tatu” which means “to mark something.”  Originally called “painting” or “staining”  Believed that the first known tattoo dates back to 4,000 B.C. (body of man, skin bears cross behind one knee and a series of lines above the kidneys)  Egyptian and Nubian mummies (practiced around 2000 B.C.)  Ancient Greeks used Tattooing for (Philippine Man)
  • 6. TYPES OF TATTOOS Traumatic Tattoos Amateur Tattoos Professional Tattoos Cosmetic Tattoos Medical Tattoos
  • 7. TRAUMATIC TATTOOS (NATUARAL)  Coal miners get tattoo characteristics when any wound gets exposed to coal dust or gunpowder.  When a substance such as asphalt is rubbed into a wound caused by accident . --Difficult to remove as they spread across several different layers of skin
  • 8. AMATEUR & PROFESSIONAL TATTOOS These tattoos serve as  marks of status and rank, symbols of religion & spiritual devotion , decoration of bravery,  pledges of love , punishment  Marks of outcasts, slaves & convicts.  To symbolize their identification to particular ethnic groups , including criminal gangs.
  • 9. AMATEUR PROFESSIONAL  Often single colour is used. – INDIA INK.  Can be applied by someone , at home , using needle & India ink.  Depth of penetration varies.  Tattoo contain several colours.  Created by trained practitioner at a tattoo parlour.  Applied uniformly beneath the skin.
  • 10. PROFESSIONAL TATTOOS
  • 11. COSMETIC TATTOOS o Also called as PERMANENT MAKEUP . o It includes hiding or neutralizing skin discolorations. o Use of tattoo to enhance eyebrows, lips , eyeliner , even moles which resembles natural makeup.
  • 12. TATTOOED LIP MAKEUPPERMANENT EYE LINER
  • 13. MEDICAL TATTOOS “a tattoo used for indiCating a medically relevant condition & body loCation.’’  Used to ensure instruments are properly located for repeated application of radiotherapy and for the areola in some forms of breast reconstruction.
  • 14. MEDICAL TATTOOS →CONTD.  Convey medical information about the wearer . e.g., blood group , medical condition , etc..  Used in skin tones to cover VITILIGO , a skin pigmentation disorder.  Members of military family have their vital information tattooed to them , usually on the rib cage below the axilla -------MEAT TAGS
  • 15. MEDICAL TATTOO Indicating type of D.M.
  • 16. COMMONLY USED DYES. Indian Ink Cobalt & Indigo Carbon (black) china ink Cinnabar ( mercuric sulfide ) Chromic acid prussian blue
  • 17. Optimum depth of penetration:  Superficial layers of dermis. Permanency of tattoo marks: Depends on o Type of dye used : Vermilion & Ultramarine fades after 10 yrs. o Depth of penetration : As the depth is more permanency is more & viceversa o Part of body tattooed.
  • 18. LATENT TATTOO MARKS Faded Tattoo mark becomes visible by  The use UV lamp.  rubbing the part, by examining with magnifying glass in strong light.  Infrared photography makes old tattoo visible.  In decomposed bodies , when epidermis is removed by wiping the area with moist paper towel or a piece of cloth .
  • 19. UV LAMP METHOD
  • 20. COMPLICATIONS  Septic Inflammation  Allergies  AIDS  Abscess  Gangrene  Syphilis  Leprosy  T.B.  Burns by MRI scan .
  • 21. NATURAL DISAPPEARANCE OF TATTOO MARKS: Vermillion, cinnabar – disappear after min of 10 years. Black pigments ( Indian ink ) – permanent
  • 22. ARTIFICIAL REMOVAL OF TATTOO MARKS 1 .SURGICAL METHODS :  Complete excision & Skin Grafting .  Production of burn by means of Red Hot Iron .  Scarification .  CO2 snow . 2 . ELECTROLYSIS 3 . CAUSTIC SUBSTANCES : Removes pigments by Inflammatory reaction . e.g ,Zn chloride & Tannic acid.
  • 23. SCARIFICATION CARBON DIOXIDE SNOW
  • 24. 4. LASER BEAM : By exposure to laser beams , particles of dye gets vapourised & expelled in gaseous form. 5. Confluent smallpox obliterates tattoo marks in children.
  • 25. FORENSIC IMPORTANCE OF TATTOO MARKS  Identity: Race, religion, occupation,name of person or his beloved ones, date of birth / marriage, etc.  Religion , God of Worship  Indicates Culture & Lifestyle  Distribution of tattooing, nature of designs may indicate particular country or religion.  Mental make up / desire: obscene
  • 26. FORENSIC IMPORTANCE OF TATTOO MARKS  Gang members wear a tattoo of allegiance & symbolism to their status.  Drug addicts (concealing site)  Homosexuals (tattoo on back or web of thumb)
  • 27.  A member of MEXICAN MAFIA has the organization name tattooed on his abdomen.
  • 28. RELIGIOUS TATTOO.
  • 29. DRUG ADDICTS HAVING TATTOO
  • 30. SYDNEY SHARK CASE
  • 31. SYDNEY SHARK CASE  James smith disappeared on April 8 , 1935.  14 days later a shark caught alive , which vomited a human arm.  Arm was severed from dead body by a sharp weapon.  Arm had tattoo of two men boxing on the arm.  Smith’s wife & brother identified as Smith’s hand. Fingerprint also revealed same.  Later , criminal caught by Sydney police.
  • 32. THANKYOU
  • 33. Everything we hear is an opinion , not a fact . Everything we see is a perspective , not a truth. -Marcus Aurelius