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The bamboo resource has a unique livelihood importance among majority of the population in Tripura and has been observed to deplete year by year since last decade. Sacrifice of bamboo patches within and outside the forests for other cash crops is one of the major reasons of depletion. The recent flowering phenomenon in few dominant species provided a space for the communities to expand and encroach by planting crops particularly rubber. Looking into the depletion of bamboo and popularity of alternate plantations, a huge effort for restoration of bamboo patches in the state is of great demand today.
In view of above scenario, the efforts on restoration through conservation, propagation and afforestation need mobilization of the communities for their awareness and participation in all aspects. In spite of difficulties faced due to lack of bamboo resource, the communities need to be convinced for clump management for sustainable production and nursery management for propagation. Organizing field demonstrations frequently and liaison meetings with buyer agencies were helpful to make them willing to establish small scale nurseries in participatory mode. This presentation deals with success of the farmers’ bamboo nurseries and change in their attitude towards promotion of bamboo on farmlands besides generating income by contributing planting stock to the state owned programs in coming years.