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Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
Maintenance & fuel conservation
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Maintenance & fuel conservation

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  • 1. MAINTENANCE & FUEL CONSERVATION
  • 2. Topics Covered• Basic Maintenance of the Vehicle• Tips on Fuel efficiency
  • 3. Basic Maintenance of the Vehicle
  • 4. Maintenance of your vehicleThe user or driver is responsible formaintaining the vehicle.
  • 5. Maintenance of your vehicleIt is illegal to drive a vehicle with aninadequately serviced steering wheel,brakes, muffler or any parts that couldpresent a risk or nuisance to other peopleor vehicles.Do all preventive maintenance of yourvehicle and stick to the maintenanceschedule. If you notice any fault, consultyour garage.
  • 6. Maintenance TipsDaily pre driving checks must be carried outby all drivers. External Inspection of the vehicle• All lights & indicators• Tyre pressure• Wheel Nut & Chokes• Under body inspection
  • 7. Maintenance TipsUnderhood Inspection• Engine oil level• Coolant level• Fan belt tension and condition• Brake oil level• Windscreen washer fluid• Battery Terminals & Electrolyte
  • 8. Daily Inspection Checks inside the vehicleSeat Adjustment & Seat Belt A B C Controls
  • 9. Daily InspectionChecks inside the vehicleMeters & Gauges Gear Lever
  • 10. Daily InspectionChecks inside the vehicle• Horn• Handbrake• Rear view mirrors• Valid documents• Extra Fuses & fast moving spares
  • 11. TIPS ON FUEL EFFICIENCY
  • 12. Better driving habits for fuel savingDrive between 45-55 kmphDrive slow and steady. The faster you go , themore the wind resistance your vehicle will face.It has been established by trials that you canget upto 40% extra mileage at 40 kmph ascompared to 80 kmph.Avoid accelerating or deceleratingunnecessarily.
  • 13. Always drive in the correct gearIncorrect gear shifting can lead to as muchas 20% increase in fuel consumption .Remember : For city driving, change to ahigher gear when you are sure that theengine will not have to struggle.Get into top gear as soon as possible.
  • 14. While braking anticipate stopsStop–and--go driving wastes fuel. When youslam on the brakes , a lot of useful energy iswasted in the form of heat.Proper synchronization of gear andaccelerator is necessary for better mileage.Remember : check wheels for free rotationwhen your car is being serviced. Bindingbrakes restrict free wheel movement and theengine consumes more petrol in order toovercome resistance.
  • 15. Keep your foot off the clutchUse your clutch only when you change gears.Riding the clutch causes loss of energy anddamages clutch lining.Remember : Use your hand brakes whenstopping on up gradient. Don’t manipulatethe clutch and accelerator to stay stationarybecause it wastes fuel.
  • 16. Periodic servicingServicing of your vehicle must becarried out as specified in User’s manual.
  • 17. Keep your engine well tunedYou can save as much as 6% fuel throughregular tuning of car. If your engine emitsblack or dark grey smoke, has poor pullingpower or consumes large quantities of oil ,have it checked immediately at a reputedgarage.Black smoke means that you are losingmoney for every kilometer your car runs.
  • 18. Use the recommended Spares & LubricantsAlways use recommended spares &LubricantsEngine oil that is thicker thanrecommended can cause a 2% increasein fuel consumption .Remember : Check the car manual andthe oil manufacturer’srecommendations, before using anyparticular grade of oil .
  • 19. Clean your air filter regularlyYour air filter prevents air from fouling theengine. Dust causes rapid wear of enginecomponents and increases fuel consumption. Remember : Cylinder bores and piston ringswear out faster in engines with dirty aircleaners.Clean air filters at every tune up.
  • 20. Do not allow leakage or spillageLoss of one drop of petrol per second canamount to loss a of 2000 litres per year.Make sure that the fuel tank cap has a goodrubber seal.
  • 21. Don’t wait for your car to warm upInstead drive in low gear till the enginewarms up.Do not use the choke longer thannecessary.
  • 22. Reduce loadsUnnecessary loads increase fuelconsumption.Do you really need to carry the luggagerack or various odd things in the boot allthe time ?Remember : A reduction of weight byabout 50 kg can lead to a 2% saving infuel , when driving in city.
  • 23. Check your tyre pressure regularlyUnder inflated tyres increase rollingresistance which leads to higher petrolconsumption & faster wear out of tyres atsides .Remember : A 25% decrease in tyrepressure can cost you 5 –10% more on petroland 25% on tyre life.
  • 24. When you stop your car, stop yourengineIdling for an hour costs One litre of petrolAlways keep your car ready for startingquickly. Keep the battery , alternator & fan-belt in good condition. This will ensure agood start whenever you need it.Remember : Switch off the engine at stops ofover 2 minutes.
  • 25. Share your car for car poolsLook for people who go in the samedirection as you go. Share cars for formingpools.Remember : Sharing of cars means sharingof expenditure.
  • 26. Plan your tripsBefore you start on a trip , ask yourself twoquestions :Is this trip essential ?Can I combine this trip with other trips inthe same direction ?Remember : At 10OC and below , your fuelconsumption per kilo meter doubles whenyou make trips of 5 km or less. So combinetrips.
  • 27. Plan your routeFuel consumption on a highly congestedroad can be double the normal.Rush hour or stop-and-go traffic can wastefuel excessively.Remember : You will get more mileagefrom each litre if you take a less congestedroute.

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