ACCIDENTS
Topics Covered <ul><li>Causes of accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Drunken Driving </li></u...
<ul><li>Drivers’ fault   77.91% </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian fault     1.36% </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical fault in Vehicle...
<ul><li>Based on type of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Major injuries - like head injuries,  fractures, crushing under wheels. ...
<ul><li>Based on type of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Major injuries - like head injuries,  fractures, crushing under wheels. ...
<ul><li>Accidents involving a single vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle to vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle with pedestria...
Click for film “ Head on Collision”
Learning from the Film 1. Why is Head-on-collision the most  dangerous? 2.  What the various causes of Head- on- collision?
Drunken Driving
Drunken Driving Alcohol reduces the ability to drive safely and one becomes accident prone. Alcohol is a depressant that s...
It impairs  your ability to judge speed and distances, restricts your view and makes accidents more likely. Once you are d...
A True Story
This is Jaqueline Saburido on  September 19, 1999.  Cont….
Birthday party as a child.  Cont….
This is she and her Father, 1998.  Cont….
At a party with friends. Cont….
The car in which Jacqueline was travelling was hit by another car that was driven by a 17-year old male student on his way...
After the accident Jacqueline needed over 40 operations.   Cont….
Jacqueline was caught in the burning car and her body was heavily burnt during around 45 seconds Cont….
Three months after accident. Cont….
With her Father, 2000.   Cont….
Getting treatment Cont….
Without a left eyelid Jacqueline needs eye drops to keep her vision.   Cont….
Now 20 year old, he cannot forgive himself for driving drunk on that night three years ago.  He's aware of devastating Jaq...
Not everyone who gets hit with a car dies. This picture was taken 4 years after the accident and the doctors are still wor...
Case Studies on Accidents
Story Time...........
Young Jaspal was very upset that evening. He had an altercation with his father. Angrily he decided to go out for a drink....
Jaspal quickly gulped down two large drinks and irritatingly drove out in his car.It was beginning to get dark and had sta...
He  drove  at  a  speed  he  possibly  could. Suddenly, he saw an elderly gentleman in dark clothes trying to cross the ro...
At the last minute Jaspal did his best to avoid hitting the elderly man, but his unroadworthy tyres lost traction.  Jaspal...
There are many factors that contributed to the death of the elderly gentleman.  List all the factors you can find and deta...
<ul><li>Because Jaspal was young, he probably had less experience and therefore was less likely to identify and perceive p...
<ul><li>Jaspal was angry which often correspondingly motivates both risk-taking and speeding.  As was identified, he was d...
<ul><li>The elderly man was wearing a dark suit that would have made him very hard to see. </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the ...
<ul><li>Jaspal’s tyres were long overdue for replacement. </li></ul><ul><li>Given, there had been constant drizzle there w...
<ul><li>The headlights of the truck approaching from the opposite direction were either on high beam or poorly aligned cau...
Emergency Response The elderly man was alive immediately following the impact.  It took the ambulance 25 minutes to arrive...
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  1. 1. ACCIDENTS
  2. 2. Topics Covered <ul><li>Causes of accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Types of Accidents </li></ul><ul><li>Drunken Driving </li></ul><ul><li>Case Study on Accidents </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Drivers’ fault 77.91% </li></ul><ul><li>Pedestrian fault 1.36% </li></ul><ul><li>Mechanical fault in Vehicle 2.01% </li></ul><ul><li>Bad Roads 1.32% </li></ul><ul><li>Others 17.4% </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bad Weather </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cattle coming in the way </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absence/ non functional road signals </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Absence of Road Signs </li></ul></ul></ul>Causes of Road Accidents in India
  4. 4. <ul><li>Based on type of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Major injuries - like head injuries, fractures, crushing under wheels. </li></ul><ul><li>Minor injuries </li></ul>Types of Accidents
  5. 5. <ul><li>Based on type of injury </li></ul><ul><li>Major injuries - like head injuries, fractures, crushing under wheels. </li></ul><ul><li>Minor injuries </li></ul>Types of Accidents
  6. 6. <ul><li>Accidents involving a single vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle to vehicle </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle with pedestrian </li></ul><ul><li>Vehicle with stationary object </li></ul>Nature of Accidents
  7. 7. Click for film “ Head on Collision”
  8. 8. Learning from the Film 1. Why is Head-on-collision the most dangerous? 2. What the various causes of Head- on- collision?
  9. 9. Drunken Driving
  10. 10. Drunken Driving Alcohol reduces the ability to drive safely and one becomes accident prone. Alcohol is a depressant that slows down the mental process. It gives a false sense of increased confidence and brings down performance. Cont….
  11. 11. It impairs your ability to judge speed and distances, restricts your view and makes accidents more likely. Once you are drunk , there is nothing you can do to reduce the level of alcohol in your blood. The only thing that works is time. The simple rule is DON’T MIX DRINKING AND DRIVING. Drunken Driving
  12. 12. A True Story
  13. 13. This is Jaqueline Saburido on September 19, 1999. Cont….
  14. 14. Birthday party as a child. Cont….
  15. 15. This is she and her Father, 1998. Cont….
  16. 16. At a party with friends. Cont….
  17. 17. The car in which Jacqueline was travelling was hit by another car that was driven by a 17-year old male student on his way home after a couple of hard packs with his friends. This was in December 1999. Cont….
  18. 18. After the accident Jacqueline needed over 40 operations. Cont….
  19. 19. Jacqueline was caught in the burning car and her body was heavily burnt during around 45 seconds Cont….
  20. 20. Three months after accident. Cont….
  21. 21. With her Father, 2000. Cont….
  22. 22. Getting treatment Cont….
  23. 23. Without a left eyelid Jacqueline needs eye drops to keep her vision. Cont….
  24. 24. Now 20 year old, he cannot forgive himself for driving drunk on that night three years ago. He's aware of devastating Jaqcueline Saburido's life. Cont….
  25. 25. Not everyone who gets hit with a car dies. This picture was taken 4 years after the accident and the doctors are still working on Jacqueline, who's body was covered with 60% severe burnings.
  26. 26. Case Studies on Accidents
  27. 27. Story Time...........
  28. 28. Young Jaspal was very upset that evening. He had an altercation with his father. Angrily he decided to go out for a drink. He tried calling up his friends. Unfortunately, none were ready to go with him to the bar that evening. Cont….
  29. 29. Jaspal quickly gulped down two large drinks and irritatingly drove out in his car.It was beginning to get dark and had started to drizzle. Cont….
  30. 30. He drove at a speed he possibly could. Suddenly, he saw an elderly gentleman in dark clothes trying to cross the road near the bend ahead and noticed a truck coming from the opposite direction. Jaspal was nearly blinded by the glare of the on coming vehicle’s headlight. Cont….
  31. 31. At the last minute Jaspal did his best to avoid hitting the elderly man, but his unroadworthy tyres lost traction. Jaspal hit the man causing him serious injury. An ambulance was called, but sadly by the time it arrived 25 minutes later, the man had died. Cont….
  32. 32. There are many factors that contributed to the death of the elderly gentleman. List all the factors you can find and detail why they were significant. Cont….
  33. 33. <ul><li>Because Jaspal was young, he probably had less experience and therefore was less likely to identify and perceive potential hazards. </li></ul><ul><li>Jaspal had consumed a few drinks, and as we know, alcohol impairs our judgement and reaction time. </li></ul>Human Factors Cont….
  34. 34. <ul><li>Jaspal was angry which often correspondingly motivates both risk-taking and speeding. As was identified, he was driving at high speed . </li></ul><ul><li>Elderly people display poor judgement in predicting the approaching speed of cars, they are also much slower crossing the road. </li></ul>Human Factors Cont….
  35. 35. <ul><li>The elderly man was wearing a dark suit that would have made him very hard to see. </li></ul><ul><li>Crossing the road immediately after a bend is not altogether clever, particularly for somebody who’s a little slow. </li></ul>Human Factors
  36. 36. <ul><li>Jaspal’s tyres were long overdue for replacement. </li></ul><ul><li>Given, there had been constant drizzle there would have been a reasonable amount of water on the road. </li></ul><ul><li>If Jaspal’s tyres had insufficient tread, they may not have been able to disperse the water thus reducing adhesion and increasing stopping distance. </li></ul>Vehicle Factors Cont….
  37. 37. <ul><li>The headlights of the truck approaching from the opposite direction were either on high beam or poorly aligned causing Jaspal to become dazzled and therefore contributing to the collision. </li></ul>Vehicle Factors
  38. 38. Emergency Response The elderly man was alive immediately following the impact. It took the ambulance 25 minutes to arrive, had it arrived sooner they may have been able to save him. What did Jaspal do? Had Jaspal been able to administer first aid he may have been able to preserve life until the ambulance finally arrived.
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