Under the Guidance of:Pushpalatha.S.PatilAssistant ProfessorSIT PGDMS & RCSiddaganga Institute Of Technology(An autonomous Institute affiliated toVisvesvaraya Technological University,Belgaum and Accredited by National Board ofAccreditation, New Delhi)Submitted To
Meaning of Selection:Employee Selection is the process of putting right menon right job. It is a procedure of matchingorganizational requirements with the skills andqualifications of people. Meaning of personality:Particular combination of emotional, attitudinal andbehavioral response pattern of an individual.
KEY PERSONALITY DETERMINANTS: Heredity Environmental factors TYPES OF PERSONALITY TESTS: Myers- Briggs Test- The test is made up of four differentscales: Extraversion (E)- Introversion(I) Sensing(S)- Intuition(N) Thinking (T)-Feeling (F) Judging (J)- Perceiving(P) Five factor model test-The five dimensionsrepresenting personality traits: conscientiousness,emotional stability, openness to experience,agreeableness and extroversion.
THREE FORMS OF PERSONALITY TESTS: Objective Personality Tests: Individuals are asked torate their own actions or feelings in set situations. Projective Tests: Individuals are asked to formulatean unstructured response to some form ofambiguous stimuli. Situational Tests: These asses a person’s capabilityoh handling stress. These tests are conducted in aroom with no identified leader to guide it tostructured discussions. The discussion is allowed totake its own course and people are allowed tocome out freely and openly to express themselves.
PERSONALITY THEORIES: Social learning theory: People learn by observingothers. Psychoanalytical theory: focuses on repression andunconscious forces and includes the concepts ofresistance, transference, and division of the psycheinto the id, ego, and superego. Trait theory: The measurement of consistentpatterns of habit in an individual’sbehavior, thoughts, and emotions. Self Concept theory: The individuals belief abouthimself or herself, including the persons attributesand who and what the self is.
HOW PERSONALITY TEST USED IN WORKPLACE? Personality tests can be used as a tool to helpdysfunctional teams learn more about each other andbegin to work through some of their differences.Personality tests can be a great tool to use to bringteam members together and create more productiveteams. Employers use a personality test to help themunderstand the traits of their employee and to helpthem see where the employee might best fit in theorganizational settings. For appraising the employees for promotionalpotentials. Organizations interested in hiring high qualityemployees and reducing turnover can achievegreater success in both areas by employing a welldeveloped personality test in the hiring process.
WHY IS PERSONALITY IMPORTANT WHEN HIRING? Team spirit The drive to learn PERSONALITY AND WORK ENVIRONMENT TYPES: Realistic-do’er Investigative- thinker Artistic- creator Social-helper Enterprising- persuader Conventional- organizer CAREER PERSONALITY TEST: A career personalitytest centers on finding what a particular individualis best at and for what types of jobs he or she willbe suitable.
PERSONALITY TEST IDENTIFIES AN INDIVIDUAL’S: Value System and emotional reaction to a criticalsituation. Moods and handling a crisis. Self confidence, personal ambition, emotionalcontrol and sociability. APPLICATIONS OF PERSONALITY TESTS: Criminal Psychology: Make use of questionnaires tomeasure impulsivity and its relation to crime. Health Psychology: Measures people’s optimism inrelation to their response to their response tocancer diagnosis. Occupational Psychology: Often employpersonality tests to predict job performance andjob suitability.
CRITERIA FOR PERSONALITY EVALUATION: Dynamic Personality Ability to handle risk Stress management Social adaptability Ability to learn new things Emotional Intelligence Attitude towards subordinates Leadership skills Target reaching ability
ADVANTAGES OF CONDUCTING PERSONALITY TEST: MBTI personality test help in training anddevelopment of employees to better understandthemselves and it can help team members tobetter understand each other. Reduces employee turnover and the cost ofwrong selection is avoided by the company. These tests include an increased ability to predictprobable attitudes and behaviors that couldultimately influence the individuals success orfailure and, therefore, impact the companysprofitability and efficiency.
An employee’s personality governs his work behavior. Withthe growing importance of personality test in work place, itbecomes essential for us to understand its importance andmodify as per job requirement. Employees who havecollegial personalities exhibit behavior that’s ideal for aworkplace and are the types of employees who receiveregular promotions and awards. Personality tests help the employer in matching the job withthe traits of the individual which in turn adds value to work aswell as the individual becomes an asset to the organization.When the job specifications are met by the employee itresults in higher productivity and satisfies the statement ‘rightperson to the right job’. Personality tests are useful in hiring decisions and helpmanagers forecast who is best for job. Some managers usepersonality test scores to better understand and moreeffectively manage the people who work for them.
BOOKS: Psychological Testing by Anne Anastasi and Susana Urbina Organizational Behavior by Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A.Judge and Neharika Vohra. WEBSITES: Businessdictionary.com Managementstudyguide.com Simplypsychology.com Businessonmain.com Studyrays.com About.com Wikipedia Slidesshare.com