SECOND FLOOR
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Loads and their Maximum Consumption   Reliance 2 x 225 kVA MD Electricity Bill Unit = 1kW 2 x 60kVA  UPS   (For Facility) ...
Capacity vs. Utilization MD1 <ul><li>Over-provisioned MD; utilization is only 68.8%  </li></ul>225 kVA MD Utilization = 15...
Capacity vs. Utilization MD2 <ul><li>Under-provisioned MD; over-utilized by13%  </li></ul>225 kVA MD Utilization = 252.8/2...
Capacity vs. Utilization MD1 and MD2 <ul><li>Overall utilization is good, however, one is over-utilized and the other unde...
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Capacity vs. Utilization Generator (DG-2) DG Utilization = 293.2/500 = 58.64% <ul><li>Over 41.34% capacity unutilized – no...
Capacity vs. Utilization UPS 2x60 kVA UPS Utilization = 32.3 /120  = 26.91% <ul><li>Over 73.09% capacity unutilized  </li>...
Capacity vs. Utilization UPS 3x40 kVA UPS Utilization = 43.2/120 = 36% <ul><li>Over 64% capacity unutilized – not recommen...
Capacity vs. Utilization UPS 2x60kVA and 3x40 kVA UPS Utilization = 43.2/120 = 36% <ul><li>Total load on 2x60 and 3x40 kVA...
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Consumption LDB LDB Consumption = 61.3 kVA 55.8 17.9 22.1 15.8 kW 61.3 TOTAL 0.93 0.90 0.90 PF 79.9 100.5 83.6 Current (A)...
Consumption  AHU AHU Consumption =62.7 kVA 54.5 16.7 19.6 18.2 kW 62.7 TOTAL 0.89 0.89 0.87 PF 78.5 92.4 76.8 Current (A) ...
Consumption  Chiller Plant Chiller Plant Consumption = 120 kVA 37.1 40.0 41.8 kW TOTAL 0.99 0.99 0.99 PF 158.6 166.7 178.3...
Consumption Split AC 5.90 TOTAL 0.87 0.85 0.83 PF 10.31 7.52 7.63 Current (A) 2.40 233.9 B 1.74 231.6 Y 1.76 230.2 R KVA V...
Consumption  PAC (Server Room) 14.84 TOTAL 0.71 0.77 0.80 PF 19.12 22.53 21.95 Current (A) 4.49 235.0 B 5.24 232.7 Y 5.11 ...
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Potential Power Savings Electricity Bill Incentive and Penalty <ul><li>Average incentive per month due to PF is  Rs. 44,85...
Potential Power Savings MD * (Rs. 300/kVA/month) x (demand difference of 50 kVA) x (12 month/year) 1,80,000 TOTAL 1,80,000...
Potential Power Savings   DG ** Based on new Caterpillar 500 kVA DG set price *** (Rs. 30 per lt diesel) x (35 lts/hr diff...
Potential Power Savings   UPS **** Requirement is met by 3x40 kVA (this includes 6% cushion and redundancy with 1x40KVA ) ...
Potential Power Savings   Summary * (Rs. 300/kVA/month) x (demand difference of 50 kVA) x (12 month/year) ** Based on new ...
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Wastage Control LDB * (Rs. 5.5/unit) x (80-26)/80 x 17.52 x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 5,69,777/yr 5,69,777 TOTAL 5,...
Wastage Control  Desktop ** (Rs. 5.5 per unit ) x (35% of 178kVA x 0.78 PF) x (24/day) x (365day/yr)= Rs. 23,41,259 / yr 2...
Wastage Control  AHU and Chiller Plant  *** (Rs. 5.5/unit ) x (5% x 197 kVA x 0.78 PF) x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. ...
Wastage Control  Summary ** (Rs. 5.5/unit) x (80-26)/80 x 17.52 x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 5,69,777/yr **** (Rs. 5...
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Power Quality (MD 1) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (MD 1) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% Harmo...
Power Quality (MD 1) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (MD 1) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.4% Harmo...
Power Quality (MD 1) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (MD 1) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmo...
Power Quality (MD 1) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>S...
Power Quality (MD 1) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increase in NE voltage  </li></ul>3...
Power Quality (MD 2) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (MD 2) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmo...
Power Quality (MD 2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (MD 2) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmo...
Power Quality (MD 2) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (MD 2) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1.4% Harmo...
Power Quality (MD 2) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>S...
Power Quality (MD 2) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increase in NE voltage  </li></ul>3...
Power Quality (DG-2) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (DG-2) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li...
Power Quality (DG-2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (DG-2) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmo...
Power Quality (DG-2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (DG-2) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmo...
Power Quality (DG-2) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>S...
Power Quality (DG-2) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 61.0% H...
Power Quality (PFC) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></u...
Power Quality (PFC) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li>...
Power Quality (PFC) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></u...
Power Quality (PFC) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li>...
Power Quality (PFC) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></u...
Power Quality (PFC) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li>...
Power Quality (Main LDB) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95...
Power Quality (Main LDB) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3% Har...
Power Quality (Main LDB) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (Main LDB) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2...
Power Quality (Main LDB) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (Main LDB) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% H...
Power Quality (Main LDB) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (Main LDB) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 1) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0....
Power Quality (PDB 1) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.9% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 1) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 1) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.8%...
Power Quality (PDB 1) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 1) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 1) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 1) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5...
Power Quality (PDB 2) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 2) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 2) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 2) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 2) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 2) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 2) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (PDB 3) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 3) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 3) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 3) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 3) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 3) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.7% Harmonics...
Power Quality (PDB 3) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 3) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage  </li></ul>3-5% 98.8%...
Power Quality (PDB 4) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 4) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 7....
Power Quality (PDB 4) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 4) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 4) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 4) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 4) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 4) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content causes to increase in NE voltage </...
Power Quality (PDB 5) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 5) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (PDB 5) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave ...
Power Quality (PDB 5) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 5) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 5) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 5) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 5) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5%...
Power Quality (PDB 6) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 6) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.2% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 6) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave ...
Power Quality (PDB 6) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (PDB 6) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 6) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (PDB 6) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 6) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 19.0% ...
Power Quality (PDB 7) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 7) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 7) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 7) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 7) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 7) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.3% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 7) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 7) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (PDB 8) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 8) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 8) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 8) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (PDB 8) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 8) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 8) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 8) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></...
Power Quality (PDB 9) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 9) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (PDB 9) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 9) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (PDB 9) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li><...
Power Quality (PDB 9) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 9) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>...
Power Quality (PDB 9) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage  </li></ul>3-5...
Power Quality (PDB 10) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li>...
Power Quality (PDB 10) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.3% Har...
Power Quality (PDB 10) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li>...
Power Quality (PDB 10) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harm...
Power Quality (PDB 10) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li>...
Power Quality (PDB 10) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Har...
Power Quality (PDB 10) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul...
Power Quality (PDB 10) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage  </li></ul>3...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>PF within  limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of ...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of ...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </...
Power Quality (Chiller Plant) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 0...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of ...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of ...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </...
Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage <...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 4...
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of C...
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1....
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1....
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li><...
Power Quality (Training Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Training Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Training Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of...
Power Quality (Training Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-...
Power Quality (Training Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Training Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage <...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging o...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging o...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging o...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage  ...
Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRT...
Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 0...
Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </...
Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (VC Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs ...
Power Quality (VC Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5...
Power Quality (VC Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs ...
Power Quality (VC Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1.2...
Power Quality (VC Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li...
Power Quality (VC Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></u...
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1....
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1....
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1....
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage  </li><...
Power Quality (RM Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0...
Power Quality (RM Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1.0...
Power Quality (RM Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li...
Power Quality (RM Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></u...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% ...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% ...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% ...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs <...
Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 80.0...
Power Quality (Conr Room  AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1...
Power Quality (Conr Room  AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1...
Power Quality (Conr Room  AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CR...
Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits  </li></ul>3-5% 1...
Power Quality (Conr Room  AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs <...
Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li><...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases N-E voltage <...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases N-E voltage  ...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases N-E voltage  ...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </l...
Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases E-N voltage and losses </...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Problem with Input RFI filter </li></ul>Stable Zi...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics  with in limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% ...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Problem with Input RFI filter </li></ul>Stable Zi...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics with in limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.2% H...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Problem with Input RFI filter </li></ul>Stable Zi...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics with in limits  </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% ...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs...
Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases E-N voltage and losses </...
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Facility Observation AHU Panel No labeling on breakers
Facility Observation EB Meter No panel for EB meter Improper way of jointing
<ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization ...
Conclusions, Recommendations & Next Steps <ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing contract...
Conclusions, Recommendations & Next Steps <ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommen...
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Sutherland.Malad Audit Results Electrical (Second Floor).Final.18 Mar 08

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Sutherland.Malad Audit Results Electrical (Second Floor).Final.18 Mar 08

  1. 1. SECOND FLOOR
  2. 2. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  3. 3. Loads and their Maximum Consumption Reliance 2 x 225 kVA MD Electricity Bill Unit = 1kW 2 x 60kVA UPS (For Facility) 3 x 40 KVA UPS AHU & Chiller Plant (AHU 180TR, Chiller 80 & 60 TR) LDB (For Lighting) Current: 61.3 kVA Current: 32.3 kVA Current: 43.2 kVA Current: 120 kVA Current: 41.33 kVA Split A/C & PAC (2x2TR, 3x4TR),(2 x 7.5TR) Total: 298.43 kVA Max
  4. 4. Capacity vs. Utilization MD1 <ul><li>Over-provisioned MD; utilization is only 68.8% </li></ul>225 kVA MD Utilization = 154.8/225 = 68.8% 153.0 51.7 45.9 55.4 kW 154.8 TOTAL 0.99 0.99 0.99 PF 38.09 220.9 197.6 233.7 Current (A) 2.084 N 52.7 235.4 B 46.3 235.4 Y 55.8 236.1 R kVA Voltage (V) 225 kVA-1
  5. 5. Capacity vs. Utilization MD2 <ul><li>Under-provisioned MD; over-utilized by13% </li></ul>225 kVA MD Utilization = 252.8/225 = 113% 245.8 80.8 80.3 84.7 kW 252.0 TOTAL 0.98 0.98 0.97 PF 37.19 342.6 334.4 360.3 Current (A) 2.035 N 82.8 241.1 B 82.0 242.0 Y 87.2 242.3 R kVA Voltage (V) 225 kVA-2
  6. 6. Capacity vs. Utilization MD1 and MD2 <ul><li>Overall utilization is good, however, one is over-utilized and the other under-utilized </li></ul><ul><li>Do load balancing on both feeders </li></ul>Overall Utilization = 406.8/450 = 90.4% 398.8 245.8 153.0 kW 406.8 TOTAL 0.98 0.99 PF Current (A) 252.0 225 kVA-2 154.8 225 kVA-1 kVA Voltage (V) MD Rating
  7. 7. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  8. 8. Capacity vs. Utilization Generator (DG-2) DG Utilization = 293.2/500 = 58.64% <ul><li>Over 41.34% capacity unutilized – not recommended for 500 kVA DG </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to save on opex by switching to a 300 kVA DG </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lower diesel expenses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to save on capex also </li></ul><ul><li>Increase R and Y phase PF; otherwise, could cause DG burnout </li></ul>195.1 98.3 54.0 42.8 kW 293.2 TOTAL 1.00 0.55 0.50 PF 376.6 388.2 382.4 Current (A) 98.6 244.9 B 101.0 245.0 Y 93.6 245.0 R kVA Voltage (V) 500 kVA
  9. 9. Capacity vs. Utilization UPS 2x60 kVA UPS Utilization = 32.3 /120 = 26.91% <ul><li>Over 73.09% capacity unutilized </li></ul><ul><li>Not recommended for 2x60 kVA (also 3x40 kVA) </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to save on opex by switching to 3x40 kVA UPS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity to save on capex also </li></ul></ul>31.6 10.3 10.8 10.5 kW 32.3 TOTAL 0.98 0.99 0.98 PF 43.12 46.28 45.24 Current (A) 10.5 240.5 B 11.0 239.8 Y 10.8 240.1 R kVA Voltage (V) 2x60 kVA
  10. 10. Capacity vs. Utilization UPS 3x40 kVA UPS Utilization = 43.2/120 = 36% <ul><li>Over 64% capacity unutilized – not recommended for 3x40 kVA </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunity to save on opex by switching to a 3x40 kVA UPS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity to save on capex also </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Total load on 2x60 and 3x40 kVA is 75 kVA </li></ul><ul><li>For total load 3x40 kVA is enough with one UPS as redundant </li></ul>42.9 15.5 14.8 12.6 kW 43.2 TOTAL 1.00 1.00 0.99 PF 66.2 63.8 54.0 Current (A) 15.6 236.1 B 14.9 235.6 Y 12.7 232.3 R kVA Voltage (V) 3x40 kVA
  11. 11. Capacity vs. Utilization UPS 2x60kVA and 3x40 kVA UPS Utilization = 43.2/120 = 36% <ul><li>Total load on 2x60 and 3x40 kVA is 75 kVA </li></ul><ul><li>For this total load, 3x40 kVA is enough </li></ul><ul><li>One of the three UPS can serve as the redundant UPS </li></ul>42.9 31.6 kW 75.6 TOTAL 1.00 0.98 PF Current (A) 43.2 3x40 kVA 32.3 2x60 kVA kVA Voltage (V) UPS
  12. 12. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  13. 13. Consumption LDB LDB Consumption = 61.3 kVA 55.8 17.9 22.1 15.8 kW 61.3 TOTAL 0.93 0.90 0.90 PF 79.9 100.5 83.6 Current (A) 19.3 241.8 B 24.4 242.7 Y 17.6 241.6 R KVA Voltage (V) LDB
  14. 14. Consumption AHU AHU Consumption =62.7 kVA 54.5 16.7 19.6 18.2 kW 62.7 TOTAL 0.89 0.89 0.87 PF 78.5 92.4 76.8 Current (A) 18.7 238.9 B 22.6 238.2 Y 21.4 236.7 R KVA Voltage (V) AHU TR
  15. 15. Consumption Chiller Plant Chiller Plant Consumption = 120 kVA 37.1 40.0 41.8 kW TOTAL 0.99 0.99 0.99 PF 158.6 166.7 178.3 Current (A) 37.6 238.0 B 40.2 240.0 Y 42.2 241.0 R KVA Voltage (V) 80 & 60 TR
  16. 16. Consumption Split AC 5.90 TOTAL 0.87 0.85 0.83 PF 10.31 7.52 7.63 Current (A) 2.40 233.9 B 1.74 231.6 Y 1.76 230.2 R KVA Voltage (V) 5.5TR-1 6.17 TOTAL 0.86 0.85 0.87 PF 7.88 7.83 10.65 Current (A) 1.86 234.4 B 1.84 235.0 Y 2.47 233.0 R KVA Voltage (V) 5.5TR-2
  17. 17. Consumption PAC (Server Room) 14.84 TOTAL 0.71 0.77 0.80 PF 19.12 22.53 21.95 Current (A) 4.49 235.0 B 5.24 232.7 Y 5.11 231.6 R KVA Voltage (V) 7.5 TR-1 14.42 TOTAL 0.71 0.77 0.77 PF 18.76 21.89 21.44 Current (A) 4.37 234.2 B 5.07 233.0 Y 4.98 232.6 R KVA Voltage (V) 7.5 TR-2
  18. 18. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  19. 19. Potential Power Savings Electricity Bill Incentive and Penalty <ul><li>Average incentive per month due to PF is Rs. 44,856 (L963669) </li></ul><ul><li>Average penalty per month due to peak hour consumption is Rs. 11,699 (L963669) </li></ul><ul><li>Average penalty per month due to PF is Rs. 61,948 (L963670) </li></ul><ul><li>Average penalty per month due to peak hour consumption is Rs. 27,148 (L963670) </li></ul>9,408 (Peak hour) Penalty 8 69,874 (PF) Penalty 6,18,870 01 Sep 07 Consumption 225 kVA (L963670) 7 12,470 (Peak hour) Penalty 2 47,775 (PF) Incentive 6,52,060 01 Aug 07 Consumption 225 kVA (L963669) 1 10,929 (Peak hour) Penalty 4 41,938 (PF) Incentive 5,00,100 01 Oct 07 Consumption 225 kVA (L963669) 3 9,038 (Peak hour) Penalty 6 71,500 (PF) Penalty 5,93,800 01 Aug 07 Consumption 225 kVA (L963670) 5 44,471 (PF) Penalty 5,48,280 01 Oct 07 Consumption 225 kVA (L963670) 9 8,702 (Peak hour) Penalty 10 Peak Hour Penalty Bill Amount Bill Date Location #
  20. 20. Potential Power Savings MD * (Rs. 300/kVA/month) x (demand difference of 50 kVA) x (12 month/year) 1,80,000 TOTAL 1,80,000 Shifting to 400 kVA MD instead of 450 kVA * 1 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  21. 21. Potential Power Savings DG ** Based on new Caterpillar 500 kVA DG set price *** (Rs. 30 per lt diesel) x (35 lts/hr difference) x (12 hrs power cut /month) x (12 month/year) 3,50,000 1,51,200 TOTAL 1,51,200 <ul><ul><li>Diesel consumption savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(55lts vs. 90lts/hr) *** </li></ul></ul>3,50,000 Use 300 kVA instead of 500 kVA ** 2 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  22. 22. Potential Power Savings UPS **** Requirement is met by 3x40 kVA (this includes 6% cushion and redundancy with 1x40KVA ) ***** 9.6 kW/hr x Rs. 4/hr x 24 hrs x 365 day/yr ****** Rs. 55,000/yr x 2 ******* 4.8 kWhr x Rs. 4/hr x 24 hrs x 365 day/yr 1,10,000 <ul><ul><li>UPS AMC charges savings ****** </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Savings in cooling the UPS ******* </li></ul></ul>1,65,888 16,00,000 6,07,664 TOTAL 3,31,776 <ul><ul><li>Savings from no load losses ***** </li></ul></ul>16,00,000 Sell 2x60 kVA UPS and batteries **** 3 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  23. 23. Potential Power Savings Summary * (Rs. 300/kVA/month) x (demand difference of 50 kVA) x (12 month/year) ** Based on new Caterpillar 500 kVA DG set price *** (Rs. 30 per lt diesel) x (35 lts/hr difference) x (12 hrs power cut /month) x (12 month/year) **** Requirement is met by 3x40 kVA (this includes 6% cushion and redundancy with 1x40KVA ) ***** 9.6 kW/hr x Rs. 4/hr x 24 hrs x 365 day/yr ****** Rs. 55,000/yr x 2 ******* 4.8 kW/hr x Rs. 4/hr x 24 hrs x 365 day/yr 1,10,000 <ul><ul><li>UPS AMC charges savings ****** </li></ul></ul>1,80,000 MD in place of 500 kVA * 1 <ul><ul><li>Savings in cooling the UPS ******* </li></ul></ul>1,65,888 19,50,000 9,58,864 TOTAL 3,31,776 <ul><ul><li>Savings from no load losses ***** </li></ul></ul>16,00,000 Sell 2x60 kVA UPS and batteries **** 3 1,51,200 <ul><ul><li>Diesel consumption savings </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(55lts vs. 90lts/hr) *** </li></ul></ul>3,50,000 Use 300 kVA Shifting to 400KVA instead of 500 kVA ** 2 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  24. 24. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  25. 25. Wastage Control LDB * (Rs. 5.5/unit) x (80-26)/80 x 17.52 x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 5,69,777/yr 5,69,777 TOTAL 5,69,777 <ul><ul><li>Consumption savings (26 vs. 80 W at 17.52 kW total lighting load) * </li></ul></ul>Use 2x13 W lamps instead of 4x20 W 1 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  26. 26. Wastage Control Desktop ** (Rs. 5.5 per unit ) x (35% of 178kVA x 0.78 PF) x (24/day) x (365day/yr)= Rs. 23,41,259 / yr 23,41,259 TOTAL 23,41,259 <ul><ul><li>Consumption savings (35% of 178 kVA) ** </li></ul></ul>Shutdown desktops which are not in use 2 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  27. 27. Wastage Control AHU and Chiller Plant *** (Rs. 5.5/unit ) x (5% x 197 kVA x 0.78 PF) x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 3,70,167/yr 3,70,167 TOTAL 3,70,167 <ul><ul><li>Consumption savings (5% of 47+150 kVA) *** </li></ul></ul>Install VFD to Optimize the cooling 3 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  28. 28. Wastage Control Summary ** (Rs. 5.5/unit) x (80-26)/80 x 17.52 x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 5,69,777/yr **** (Rs. 5.5 per unit ) x (35% of 178 kVA x 0.78 PF) x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 23,41,259 /year ****** (Rs. 5.5/unit ) x (5% x 197 kVA x 0.78 PF) x (24 hr/day) x (365 day/yr) = Rs. 3,70,167/yr 5,69,777 <ul><ul><li>Consumption savings (26 vs. 80 W at 17.52 kW total lighting load) * </li></ul></ul>Use 2x13 W lamps instead of 4x20 W 1 23,41,259 <ul><ul><li>Consumption savings (35% of 178 kVA) ** </li></ul></ul>Shutdown desktops which are not in use 2 32,81,203 TOTAL 3,70,167 <ul><ul><li>Consumption savings (5% of 47+150 kVA) *** </li></ul></ul>Install VFD to optimize the cooling 3 Capex Opex (Annual) Area of Saving #
  29. 29. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  30. 30. Power Quality (MD 1) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  31. 31. Power Quality (MD 1) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  32. 32. Power Quality (MD 1) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  33. 33. Power Quality (MD 1) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.4% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  34. 34. Power Quality (MD 1) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  35. 35. Power Quality (MD 1) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  36. 36. Power Quality (MD 1) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.084v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  37. 37. Power Quality (MD 1) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increase in NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 13.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  38. 38. Power Quality (MD 2) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.97 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  39. 39. Power Quality (MD 2) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  40. 40. Power Quality (MD 2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.98 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  41. 41. Power Quality (MD 2) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  42. 42. Power Quality (MD 2) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.98 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  43. 43. Power Quality (MD 2) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.4% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  44. 44. Power Quality (MD 2) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.035v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  45. 45. Power Quality (MD 2) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increase in NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 81.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  46. 46. Power Quality (DG-2) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 1.0 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  47. 47. Power Quality (DG-2) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.4% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  48. 48. Power Quality (DG-2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF requires high current from input </li></ul>>0.95 0.55 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  49. 49. Power Quality (DG-2) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  50. 50. Power Quality (DG-2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.5 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  51. 51. Power Quality (DG-2) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  52. 52. Power Quality (DG-2) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>High N current due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 15.39 N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 0.182 NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  53. 53. Power Quality (DG-2) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 61.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  54. 54. Power Quality (PFC) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Zigzag Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  55. 55. Power Quality (PFC) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  56. 56. Power Quality (PFC) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Distorted Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  57. 57. Power Quality (PFC) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  58. 58. Power Quality (PFC) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Distorted Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  59. 59. Power Quality (PFC) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.4% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  60. 60. Power Quality (Main LDB) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.93 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  61. 61. Power Quality (Main LDB) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  62. 62. Power Quality (Main LDB) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve Waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  63. 63. Power Quality (Main LDB) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  64. 64. Power Quality (Main LDB) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.93 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  65. 65. Power Quality (Main LDB) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  66. 66. Power Quality (Main LDB) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 42.34A N current <ul><li>High NE voltage causes shock and leakage currents </li></ul>3v< 3.09v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  67. 67. Power Quality (Main LDB) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 17.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  68. 68. Power Quality (PDB 1) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.93 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  69. 69. Power Quality (PDB 1) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.9% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  70. 70. Power Quality (PDB 1) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve Waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  71. 71. Power Quality (PDB 1) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  72. 72. Power Quality (PDB 1) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.93 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  73. 73. Power Quality (PDB 1) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  74. 74. Power Quality (PDB 1) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 6.83A N current <ul><li>High NE voltage causes shock and leakage currents </li></ul>3v< 3.06v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  75. 75. Power Quality (PDB 1) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 18.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  76. 76. Power Quality (PDB 2) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.92 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  77. 77. Power Quality (PDB 2) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  78. 78. Power Quality (PDB 2) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve Wave form </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  79. 79. Power Quality (PDB 2) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  80. 80. Power Quality (PDB 2) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  81. 81. Power Quality (PDB 2) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  82. 82. Power Quality (PDB 2) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 4.74 N current <ul><li>NE voltage within the limits </li></ul>3v< 2.759v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  83. 83. Power Quality (PDB 2) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 96.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  84. 84. Power Quality (PDB 3) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  85. 85. Power Quality (PDB 3) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  86. 86. Power Quality (PDB 3) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.87 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  87. 87. Power Quality (PDB 3) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  88. 88. Power Quality (PDB 3) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.84 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  89. 89. Power Quality (PDB 3) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.7% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  90. 90. Power Quality (PDB 3) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 11.71A N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.9v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  91. 91. Power Quality (PDB 3) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 98.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  92. 92. Power Quality (PDB 4) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.62 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  93. 93. Power Quality (PDB 4) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 7.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  94. 94. Power Quality (PDB 4) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.89 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  95. 95. Power Quality (PDB 4) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  96. 96. Power Quality (PDB 4) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  97. 97. Power Quality (PDB 4) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  98. 98. Power Quality (PDB 4) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High neutral current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 6.47 N current <ul><li>NE voltage within the limits </li></ul>3v< 2.77 NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  99. 99. Power Quality (PDB 4) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content causes to increase in NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 21.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  100. 100. Power Quality (PDB 5) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.89 PF <ul><li>As it has harmonic currents it needs filtering </li></ul>Sine wave 1.04A Current wave Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  101. 101. Power Quality (PDB 5) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High harmonic current increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 79.4% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  102. 102. Power Quality (PDB 5) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  103. 103. Power Quality (PDB 5) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  104. 104. Power Quality (PDB 5) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  105. 105. Power Quality (PDB 5) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  106. 106. Power Quality (PDB 5) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High neutral current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 10.33 N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.787v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  107. 107. Power Quality (PDB 5) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 98.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  108. 108. Power Quality (PDB 6) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  109. 109. Power Quality (PDB 6) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  110. 110. Power Quality (PDB 6) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.92 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  111. 111. Power Quality (PDB 6) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  112. 112. Power Quality (PDB 6) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.92 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  113. 113. Power Quality (PDB 6) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  114. 114. Power Quality (PDB 6) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to unbalanced load </li></ul>0 5.71 N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.85 NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  115. 115. Power Quality (PDB 6) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 19.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  116. 116. Power Quality (PDB 7) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.93 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  117. 117. Power Quality (PDB 7) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  118. 118. Power Quality (PDB 7) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.92 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  119. 119. Power Quality (PDB 7) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  120. 120. Power Quality (PDB 7) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.93 PF <ul><li>Needs filtering action as it is distorted </li></ul>Sine wave Harmonics Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  121. 121. Power Quality (PDB 7) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  122. 122. Power Quality (PDB 7) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 4.31A N current <ul><li>High NE voltage gives shock and restarts networking equipments </li></ul>3v< 3.10 NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  123. 123. Power Quality (PDB 7) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High harmonics causes NE voltage to rise </li></ul>3-5% 97.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  124. 124. Power Quality (PDB 8) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.88 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  125. 125. Power Quality (PDB 8) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  126. 126. Power Quality (PDB 8) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  127. 127. Power Quality (PDB 8) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  128. 128. Power Quality (PDB 8) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.85 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  129. 129. Power Quality (PDB 8) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  130. 130. Power Quality (PDB 8) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 4.37A N current <ul><li>High NE voltage gives shock and restarts networking equipments </li></ul>3v< 3.11 NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  131. 131. Power Quality (PDB 8) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  132. 132. Power Quality (PDB 9) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.90 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  133. 133. Power Quality (PDB 9) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  134. 134. Power Quality (PDB 9) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  135. 135. Power Quality (PDB 9) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  136. 136. Power Quality (PDB 9) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.88 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  137. 137. Power Quality (PDB 9) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  138. 138. Power Quality (PDB 9) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 16.47 N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.94 NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  139. 139. Power Quality (PDB 9) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 98.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  140. 140. Power Quality (PDB 10) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  141. 141. Power Quality (PDB 10) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  142. 142. Power Quality (PDB 10) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.88 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  143. 143. Power Quality (PDB 10) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  144. 144. Power Quality (PDB 10) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.66 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  145. 145. Power Quality (PDB 10) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 3.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  146. 146. Power Quality (PDB 10) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 16.47 N current <ul><li>NE voltage within the limits </li></ul>3v< 2.94v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  147. 147. Power Quality (PDB 10) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 98.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  148. 148. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  149. 149. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  150. 150. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>PF within limits </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  151. 151. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  152. 152. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  153. 153. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  154. 154. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>20milliamps of leakage current </li></ul>0 0.42 N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 1.396v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  155. 155. Power Quality (Chiller Plant) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 50.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  156. 156. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.68 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  157. 157. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 0.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  158. 158. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.27 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  159. 159. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  160. 160. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.68 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  161. 161. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  162. 162. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>20milliamps of leakage current </li></ul>0 0.02 N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 1.670v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  163. 163. Power Quality (Cafeteria AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 100% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  164. 164. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.69 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  165. 165. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  166. 166. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.67 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  167. 167. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  168. 168. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.65 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  169. 169. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  170. 170. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>20milliamps of leakage current </li></ul>0 0.02A N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.047v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  171. 171. Power Quality (Call Center 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 84.9% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  172. 172. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.79 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  173. 173. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  174. 174. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.80 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  175. 175. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  176. 176. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.80 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  177. 177. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  178. 178. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform 0A 80milliamps N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.148v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  179. 179. Power Quality (Call Center 3 AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 4.7% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  180. 180. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.81 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  181. 181. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  182. 182. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.82 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  183. 183. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  184. 184. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.83 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  185. 185. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  186. 186. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>30milliamps of leakage current </li></ul>0 30milliamps N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.159v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  187. 187. Power Quality (Hub Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 75.4% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  188. 188. Power Quality (Training Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  189. 189. Power Quality (Training Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  190. 190. Power Quality (Training Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.89 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  191. 191. Power Quality (Training Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  192. 192. Power Quality (Training Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 2.04A N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.112v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  193. 193. Power Quality (Training Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 82.7% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  194. 194. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.72 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  195. 195. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  196. 196. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.73 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  197. 197. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  198. 198. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.73 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  199. 199. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 0.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  200. 200. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>10milliamps of leakage current </li></ul>0 10milliamps N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.114v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  201. 201. Power Quality (Marketing Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 84.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  202. 202. Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.21 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  203. 203. Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 0.9% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  204. 204. Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due unbalanced load </li></ul>0 2.24 N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 1.615v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  205. 205. Power Quality (Zion Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 95.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  206. 206. Power Quality (VC Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.96 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  207. 207. Power Quality (VC Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 0.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  208. 208. Power Quality (VC Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.94 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  209. 209. Power Quality (VC Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  210. 210. Power Quality (VC Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to unbalanced load </li></ul>0 1.91A N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 1.607v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  211. 211. Power Quality (VC Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 88.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  212. 212. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.63 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  213. 213. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  214. 214. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.35 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  215. 215. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  216. 216. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.59 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  217. 217. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.3% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  218. 218. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>N current is due to unbalanced load </li></ul>0 0.12 N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 2.122v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  219. 219. Power Quality (GTI Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 79.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  220. 220. Power Quality (RM Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.79 PF <ul><li>Use RFI filters to improve waveform </li></ul>Sine wave Peaky Waveform Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  221. 221. Power Quality (RM Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  222. 222. Power Quality (RM Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to unbalanced load </li></ul>0 10.12A N current <ul><li>NE voltage within limits </li></ul><3v 1.769v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  223. 223. Power Quality (RM Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 77.7% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  224. 224. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.81 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  225. 225. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 0.9% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  226. 226. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.81 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  227. 227. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  228. 228. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.82 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  229. 229. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  230. 230. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 0.10A N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul>3v< 1.654v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  231. 231. Power Quality (Hub Room 2 AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 80.0% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  232. 232. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.74 PF <ul><li>11.6KVAR need to be added to improve PF </li></ul>11.6 KVAR Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  233. 233. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  234. 234. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.75 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  235. 235. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  236. 236. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Stable Waveform <ul><li>Low PF at input requires high current </li></ul>>0.95 0.73 PF <ul><li>11.1KVAR need to be added to improve PF </li></ul>11.1 KVAR Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  237. 237. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics within the limits </li></ul>3-5% 1.1% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  238. 238. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>High N current is due to load unbalancing </li></ul>0 3.51A N current <ul><li>NE voltage is within limits </li></ul><3v 2.182v NE voltage Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  239. 239. Power Quality (Conr Room AHU) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonic content increases NE voltage </li></ul>3-5% 71.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  240. 240. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Flat at peaks Waveform <ul><li>Use PF corrected SMPS to improve PF </li></ul>>0.95 0.77 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  241. 241. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases N-E voltage </li></ul>3-5% 60.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  242. 242. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Use PF corrected SMPS to improve PF </li></ul>>0.95 0.81 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  243. 243. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases N-E voltage </li></ul>3-5% % Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  244. 244. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Unstable Waveform <ul><li>Use PF corrected SMPS to improve PF </li></ul>>0.95 1.0 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  245. 245. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics content increases N-E voltage </li></ul>3-5% % Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  246. 246. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) N-E: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Zigzag Waveform <ul><li>High neutral current compared to other phases due to low PF </li></ul>0A 11.31A N-current <ul><li>High E-N voltage restarts networking equipments </li></ul><ul><li>High E-N voltage gives shock </li></ul>< 3.0V 3.3V E-N Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  247. 247. Power Quality (UPS 3x40 kVA) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases E-N voltage and losses </li></ul>3-5% 23.6% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  248. 248. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Problem with Input RFI filter </li></ul>Stable Zigzag Current Wave <ul><li>PF is good </li></ul>>0.95 0.98 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  249. 249. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics with in limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.8% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  250. 250. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Problem with Input RFI filter </li></ul>Stable Zigzag Current Wave <ul><li>PF is good </li></ul>>0.95 0.99 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  251. 251. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) Y-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics with in limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.2% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  252. 252. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) B-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>Problem with Input RFI filter </li></ul>Stable Zigzag Current Wave <ul><li>PF is good </li></ul>>0.95 0.98 PF Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  253. 253. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) B-Phase: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>Harmonics with in limits </li></ul>3-5% 2.5% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  254. 254. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) R-Phase: Voltage, Current and Power <ul><li>If unstable, leads to flickering/damaging of CRTs </li></ul>Stable Zigzag Waveform <ul><li>High neutral current compared to other phases due to low PF </li></ul>0 A 5.96 A N-current <ul><li>High E-N voltage restarts networking equipments </li></ul><ul><li>High E-N voltage gives shock </li></ul>< 3.0 V 2.8 V E-N Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  255. 255. Power Quality (UPS 2x60 kVA) N-E: Voltage and Current Harmonics <ul><li>High harmonics increases E-N voltage and losses </li></ul>3-5% 17.7% Harmonics Impact Standard Reading Parameter
  256. 256. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  257. 257. Facility Observation AHU Panel No labeling on breakers
  258. 258. Facility Observation EB Meter No panel for EB meter Improper way of jointing
  259. 259. <ul><li>Audit Scope of Work </li></ul><ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Consumption (End Loads) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Split AC </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PAC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>MD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DG </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>UPS </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>LDB </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Desktop </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>AHU and Chiller Plant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions and Next Steps </li></ul>Agenda
  260. 260. Conclusions, Recommendations & Next Steps <ul><li>Contract Demand Diversity Factor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Existing contract demand (450kVA MD) is high; reduce to 400kVA </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capacity vs. Utilization (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Replace 500kVA DG with 300 kVA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add another 60kVAR capacitor at DG output for further reduction of DG capacity to 250kVA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remove 3x60kVA UPS and 3x40kVA will support for both loads </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Infrastructure Optimization) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The suggested changes to MD, DG, and UPS will lead to significant savings (~10 lacs per annum in opex and ~20 lacs in capex) </li></ul></ul>Contd…
  261. 261. Conclusions, Recommendations & Next Steps <ul><li>Potential Power Savings (Wastage Control) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend replacing 4x20W light fittings with 2x13W </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend switching off unused desktops </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Recommend implementing VFD to optimize cooling requirements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Significant savings projected (~33 lacs per annum in opex) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Power Quality </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No problem whatsoever with power quality </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Facility Observations </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ensure spacing between UPS and batteries for easy accessing and maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mount all meters, CTs and switches inside panels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do proper routing and bunching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>We recommend implementing the above stated changes followed by a maintenance regime </li></ul>

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