Lewis Madison Terman (15 January 1877 in Johnson County, Indiana – 21 December 1956 in Palo Alto, California) was an Americanpsychologist, noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford University School of Education. He is best known as the inventor of the Stanford-Binet IQ test.
Tailpiece (humor) – How many kauravas were there? (use of digital computing)
Software Development & Mahabharata Dr. Pavanaja U. B. CEO, Vishva Kannada Softech www.vishvakannada.com www.pavanaja.com firstname.lastname@example.org 1
Before we beginPlease put your cell phones to sleep
India: The Knowledge-based Civilization• World’s first knowledge-based civilization since the Vedic times, 5000 years back• Veda = Knowledge• Vast knowledge heritage through the centuries• First universities (Takshashila, Nalanda) were borne here• Invention of zero, decimal system, and early advances in language, mathematics, astronomy, etc. credited to India.• Richest country of the world till the 11th century• In the 20th century, India was termed as a rich country where poor people live
What it takes to be a great programmer?• An engineering degree with high percentage like BE (CS), Btech (CS), MCA, MTech, MSc (CS),.. ?• A great score in any degree mentioned above?• A great communication skill?
Landing an IT job• Certificates alone can’t get the job• Knowledge is important• How to apply the knowledge and solve a problem is the key to get a job• Learning ability –learn from problems faced and take the solutions to new problems• Industry does not need walking encyclopedias• Industry wants problem solvers
To become a software pro…Should possess these -• Logical reasoning ability• Numerical ability• Imaginative mind• Interest in problem-solving• Interest in keeping oneself updated about new technology• Communication skills, written and oral, is a plus point
Aptitude• Bill Gates: – IQ is all that matters – I could teach a smart person anything• Lewis M Terman: – Definition of intelligence -the ability to reason abstractly – Intelligence is not knowledge of facts but the ability to manipulate concepts• A company will be only as creative and innovative as the people it hires• Golden rule: hire for aptitude & attitude and train on skills
Importance of Puzzles• Bill Gates is known to be fond of puzzles• Microsoft, Google, ThoughtWorks and many companies hire people who solve puzzles• Solving puzzles help in improving logical reasoning and analytical skills• Books are there in market based on these puzzles
Sample Puzzles -11. You have 9 balls which look alike in color, shape and size. Out of them 8 are equal in weight also but one is heavier. You have been given a balance but no weights. How will you find out the heavier ball in two weighings?2. Why are the manhole lids are in circular shape?3. You have mugs of 3 liter and 5 liter capacity. There is a big bucket with water. How can you measure exactly 4 liter of water?
Sample Puzzles -24. There are 5 jars filled with pills. All pills are supposed to be of 10 gm weight. The jars are numbered 1, 2, ..5. One of them has pills of 9 gm. You are given an electronic balance. By using the balance only once, you have to find out the contaminated jar.5. You have an employee who has to be paid by 1” long gold bar as salary for every day. You have a gold bar of 7” long with 1” markings. You are allowed to make just 2 cuts in the bar. You have to settle the salary every day. How do you achieve this?
Sample Puzzles -36. Three persons are standing in a straight line. You have 3 red hats and 2 black hats. You put one hat on each person’s head at random and put the remaining hats away. No one has seen the colors of those hats. You first ask the last person what is color of the hat on his head. He says he cant know. Then you ask the same question to the person in the middle. He also says he can’t. The you ask the same question to the person who is in the beginning. He gives the correct answer . What was the color of hat on his head?
Books one can readHow Would You Move Mount Fuji?Microsofts Cult of the PuzzleBy William Poundstone Puzzles For Programmers And Pros By Dennis E. ShashaHow to Solve It by ComputerBy R. G. Dromey Algorithms + Data Structures = Programs By Niklaus Wirth
Program & Efficient Program• Finding GCD of 2 numbers- Algorithm-1 Algorithm-2 function gcd(a, b) function gcd(a, b) if a = 0 while b ≠ 0 return b t := b while b ≠ 0 b := a mod b if a > b a := t a := a − b return a else b := b − a return a Which is faster?
Panchatantra• Stories for children – Converting fools to wise by telling thought provoking stories• Five main sections- – Mitra-bheda: The Separation of Friends (The Lion and the Bull) – Mitra-lābha or Mitra-samprāpti: The Gaining of Friends (The Dove, Crow, Mouse, Tortoise and Deer) – Kākolūkīyam: Of Crows and Owls (War and Peace) – Labdhapraṇāśam: Loss Of Gains (The Monkey and the Crocodile) – Aparīkṣitakārakaṃ: Ill-Considered Action / Rash deeds (The Brahman and the Mongoose)• Contains principles of nīti - the wise conduct of life• Complete knowhow to logic as well as moral science to everyone
Mahabharata• Indians are deep rooted in Mahabharata• Mahabharata contains essence of life• Everything need to live a good life is there in Mahabharata• Mahabharata contains Gita• Mahabharata and Gita have lessons on teamwork, leadership, management, etc.• Most important for software professionals – – Mahabharata is full of logic
Examples of Logic in Mahabharata• Stories in adiparva like Hiranyakashipu and Prahlada• Sudhanva and Arjuna war –the 2 oaths and Krishna’s dilemma• Draupadi’s question• How Damayanti identifies real Nala…..many more
Gita and Management• Effectiveness is doing the right things.• Efficiency is doing things right.• Managers functions – Vision, Planning – Cultivating leadership, Excellence, Building Innovative Organization – Developing HR, Building teams, Delegation, Motivation, Communication. – Reviewing performance and taking corrective steps.• "Whatever the excellent and best ones do, the commoners follow"
Mahabharata and Teamwork• A successful team shares the responsibilities• Individual interests should be aligned with the team interest• Teamwork still succeeds when individual efforts fail• Right man for the right job• Inspire, invigorate, counsel your own team in moments of need• Know ground realities. Know different ideologies. Share• Empower women
Conclusions• To be a great programmer – one must have good logical reasoning and analytical skills• To achieve these – Solve puzzles – Read Mahabharata – Play Chess