Current it skills in demand


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This presentation highlights the current IT skills in demand for the year 2010. Many people think scoring high in exams and learning some programming language syntax will get them the job in IT. This presentations tries to remove that myth.

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  • Lewis Madison Terman (15 January 1877 in Johnson County, Indiana – 21 December 1956 in Palo Alto, California) was an Americanpsychologist, noted as a pioneer in educational psychology in the early 20th century at the Stanford University School of Education. He is best known as the inventor of the Stanford-Binet IQ test.
  • Tailpiece (humor) – How many kauravas were there? (use of digital computing)
  • Current it skills in demand

    1. 1. Current IT Skills in Demand Dr. Pavanaja U. B. CEO, Vishva Kannada Softech 1
    2. 2. Before we beginPlease put your cell phones to sleep
    3. 3. It’s aGlobalEconomyThe Future Information Technology Workforce | 3 Copyright © 2007 Boeing. All rights reserved.
    4. 4. Global IT scenario 4
    5. 5. Global IT scenario 5
    6. 6. India: The Knowledge-based Civilization• World’s first knowledge-based civilization since the Vedic times, 5000 years back• Veda = Knowledge• Vast knowledge heritage through the centuries• First universities (Takshashila, Nalanda) were borne here• Invention of zero, decimal system, and early advances in language, mathematics, astronomy, etc. credited to India.• Richest country of the world till the 11th century• In the 20th century, India was termed as a rich country where poor people live
    7. 7. Indian IT Scenario• IT- BPO sector estimated revenues of USD 88.1billion in 2011• IT software & services about USD 76.1 billion• Employment –about 2.5 million• Indirect job creation –about 8.3 million• Contribution to GDP -6.4% from 1.2% in 1998• Exports -26% of total exports from less than 4% in 1998• Export revenues (including Hardware) estimated to reach USD 59.4 billion in FY2011• Domestic revenues (including Hardware) of about USD 28.8 billion• By 2015, Indian IT-BPO sector can generate revenues of USD 130 billion (source – NASSCOM)
    8. 8. ITeS/BPO• A form of outsourced service which has emerged due to involvement of IT in various fields such as banking and finance, telecommunications, insurance, etc.• Mostly back-office processing outsourced to India• Call-centre operations• No need of high technical skills• Any graduate, PUC or Diploma will do• 24x7 working conditions
    9. 9. Information Technology• The study, design, development, implementation, suppor t or management of computer-based information systems, particularly software applications and computer hardware• Jobs for technically qualified only• BE, BTech, MTech, MCA, Also MSc(CS), BSc(CS), BCA
    10. 10. IT job opportunities• Software development• Web development• IT Professional (includes Networking specialist)• Graphics/Multimedia/Creative• CAD/CAM• DB Analyst, DB Architect, Datawarehousing, Datamining• Game development• Software Testing & Quality Assurance• Embedded development• ERP• Internationalization/Localization• Security specialist• Technical writing & Documentation specialist• Help desk & Technical support
    11. 11. Top 10 Programming Languages 2010• Java (J2EE, JSP, EJB, J2ME, …)• C# (ASP.NET)• C/C++ (also Embedded)• JavaScript (with CSS & HTML) & AJAX• Visual Basic (ASP.NET)• PHP• Objective C• Perl• Python• Ruby
    12. 12. Position Position Programming Ratings DeltaTop 20 Programming Languages 2012 Jan 2012 Jan 2011 Language Jan 2012 Jan 2011 1 1 Java 17.479% -0.29% 2 2 C 16.976% +1.15% 3 6 C# 8.781% +2.55% 4 3 C++ 8.063% -0.72% 5 8 Objective-C 6.919% +3.91% 6 4 PHP 5.710% -2.13% 7 7 (Visual) Basic 4.531% -1.34% 8 5 Python 3.218% -3.05% 9 9 Perl 2.773% -0.08% 10 11 JavaScript 2.322% +0.73% Delphi/Object 11 12 1.576% +0.29% Pascal 12 10 Ruby 1.441% -0.34% 13 13 Lisp 1.111% +0.00% 14 14 Pascal 0.798% -0.12% 15 17 Transact-SQL 0.772% +0.01% 16 24 PL/SQL 0.709% +0.15% 17 20 Ada 0.634% -0.05% 18 39 Logo 0.632% +0.29% 19 25 R 0.609% +0.07% 20 21 Lua 0.559% -0.08% 12
    13. 13. Top 10 Qualities Employers Want• Honesty / Integrity• Analytical Skills• Strong Work Ethic• Motivation / Initiative• Communication Skills (Verbal and Written)• Interpersonal Skills (relate well to others)• Teamwork Skills (work well with others)• Flexibility / Adaptability• Computer Skills• Detail Oriented
    14. 14. What it takes to be a great programmer?• An engineering degree with high percentage like BE (CS), Btech (CS), MCA, MTech, MSc (CS),.. ?• A great score in any degree mentioned above?• A great communication skill?
    15. 15. Landing an IT job• Certificates alone can’t get the job• Knowledge is important• How to apply the knowledge and solve a problem is the key to get a job• Learning ability –learn from problems faced and take the solutions to new problems• Industry does not need walking encyclopedias• Industry wants problem solvers
    16. 16. To become a software pro…Should possess these -• Logical reasoning ability• Numerical ability• Imaginative mind• Interest in problem-solving• Interest in keeping oneself updated about new technology• Communication skills, written and oral, is a plus point
    17. 17. Aptitude• Bill Gates: – IQ is all that matters – I could teach a smart person anything• Lewis M Terman: – Definition of intelligence -the ability to reason abstractly – Intelligence is not knowledge of facts but the ability to manipulate concepts• A company will be only as creative and innovative as the people it hires• Golden rule: hire for aptitude & attitude and train on skills
    18. 18. Aptitude questions• Logical Reasoning• Analytical Skills• Maths Numerical
    19. 19. Sample numerical questions1. In a class composed of x girls and y boys what part of the class is composed of girls? A. y/(x + y) B. x/xy C. x/(x + y) D. y/xy2. If a person drives at average speed of 40kmph from A to B and at average speed of 60kmph from B to A, what is the total average speed for the trip? A. 50 B. 100 C. 48 D. 24
    20. 20. Sample Logical Reasoning and Analytical Skills Question1. Pick one symbol from the options to continue the sequence A B C D E2. A is the widow of B. B & C were the only children of E. C is unmarried and is a doctor. D is the granddaughter of E and studies science. How is D related to A? A. Aunt B. Daughter D. Sister D. Sister-in-law
    21. 21. Importance of Puzzles• Bill Gates is known to be fond of puzzles• Microsoft, Google, ThoughtWorks and many companies hire people who solve puzzles• Solving puzzles help in improving logical reasoning and analytical skills• Books are there in market based on these puzzles
    22. 22. Sample Puzzles -11. You have 9 balls which look alike in color, shape and size. Out of them 8 are equal in weight also but one is heavier. You have been given a balance but no weights. How will you find out the heavier ball in two weighings?2. Why are the manhole lids are in circular shape?3. You have mugs of 3 liter and 5 liter capacity. There is a big bucket with water. How can you measure exactly 4 liter of water?
    23. 23. Sample Puzzles -24. There are 5 jars filled with pills. All pills are supposed to be of 10 gm weight. The jars are numbered 1, 2, ..5. One of them has pills of 9 gm. You are given an electronic balance. By using the balance only once, you have to find out the contaminated jar.5. You have an employee who has to be paid by 1” long gold bar as salary for every day. You have a gold bar of 7” long with 1” markings. You are allowed to make just 2 cuts in the bar. You have to settle the salary every day. How do you achieve this?
    24. 24. Sample Puzzles -36. Three persons are standing in a straight line. You have 3 red hats and 2 black hats. You put one hat on each person’s head at random and put the remaining hats away. No one has seen the colors of those hats. You first ask the last person what is color of the hat on his head. He says he cant know. Then you ask the same question to the person in the middle. He also says he can’t. The you ask the same question to the person who is in the beginning. He gives the correct answer . What was the color of hat on his head?
    25. 25. Books one can readHow Would You Move Mount Fuji?Microsofts Cult of the PuzzleBy William Poundstone Puzzles For Programmers And Pros By Dennis E. ShashaHow to Solve It by ComputerBy R. G. Dromey Algorithms + Data Structures = Programs By Niklaus Wirth
    26. 26. Program & Efficient Program• Finding GCD of 2 numbers- Algorithm-1 Algorithm-2 function gcd(a, b) function gcd(a, b) if a = 0 while b ≠ 0 return b t := b while b ≠ 0 b := a mod b if a > b a := t a := a − b return a else b := b − a return a Which is faster?
    27. 27. Panchatantra• Stories for children – Converting fools to wise by telling thought provoking stories• Five main sections- – Mitra-bheda: The Separation of Friends (The Lion and the Bull) – Mitra-lābha or Mitra-samprāpti: The Gaining of Friends (The Dove, Crow, Mouse, Tortoise and Deer) – Kākolūkīyam: Of Crows and Owls (War and Peace) – Labdhapraṇāśam: Loss Of Gains (The Monkey and the Crocodile) – Aparīkṣitakārakaṃ: Ill-Considered Action / Rash deeds (The Brahman and the Mongoose)• Contains principles of nīti - the wise conduct of life• Complete knowhow to logic as well as moral science to everyone
    28. 28. Mahabharata• Indians are deep rooted in Mahabharata• Mahabharata contains essence of life• Everything need to live a good life is there in Mahabharata• Mahabharata contains Gita• Mahabharata and Gita have lessons on teamwork, leadership, management, etc.• Most important for software professionals – – Mahabharata is full of logic
    29. 29. Examples of Logic in Mahabharata• Stories in adiparva like Hiranyakashipu and Prahlada• War between Sudhanva and Arjuna –the 2 oaths and Krishna’s dilemma• Draupadi’s question• How Damayanti identifies real Nala…..many more
    30. 30. FAQ• What makes a student employable? – Thinking & Learning ability• Do communication and team skills put students from rural colleges at a disadvantage? – No• Does high percentage in college exam leads to getting job? – No. Scoring well in the aptitude test is most important• Can certifications like Microsoft, CCNA, Java get jobs? – Not necessarily, but they will increase the possibility
    31. 31. Lifelong learning• You are the owner of your career• A new college graduate starting their first job has just begun to learn• If you do not learn and grow you will be left behind• Job security does not exist• Employability security exists for people who have the skills and knowledge that are in demand
    32. 32. Conclusions• To be a great programmer – one must have good logical reasoning and analytical skills• To achieve these – Solve puzzles – Read Mahabharata – Play Chess
    33. 33. Questions?
    34. 34. Contact Dr. Pavanaja U. 34
    35. 35. Thank you Gracias Merci DankeΣε ευχαριστώ 谢谢您 ありがとうございました