Designing for Mobile
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Designing for Mobile

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Fundamentals of design and UX for mobile.

Fundamentals of design and UX for mobile.

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  • Avoid graphical applicationsThe temptation is to think “I have to do some design, that means I need to open Photoshop. That is what designers use”. Of course that is entirely true, designers do use graphic applications like Photoshop or Freehand. However, I would suggest that unless you are already familiar with these kinds of applications, you are just adding more complexity to the problem.Its hard enough to apply the principles of good design without adding learning a new application on top of it.You know code, so work with code. Build your site using CSS and XHTML and these are the tools with which you are familiar. Sure, it wont lead to outstanding design, but that is not the aim as I discuss next…Don’t try and be great; be invisibleDon’t try and produce a “creative” or “innovative” piece of design. Designers find this hard enough to do. The danger is that if you try and do this, you will create something that some people may love, but the majority completely hate. Instead, play safe. Try and make your design invisible. A good solid piece of design will not impress but neither will it offend. The idea is that the users will not even notice it, they just use it. If the user doesn’t acknowledge what you have produced it means it hasn’t caused them any problems and that is a good thing. Sure, you wont win any design awards but that isn’t very likely anyway!
  • http://www.useit.com/alertbox/reading_pattern.html
  • Each section of an index finger, from the tip to the base of the wrist, is larger than the preceding one by about 1.618, fitting the Fibonacci numbers 2, 3, 5 and 8.The Fibonacci numbers and golden section are widely found in the plant kingdom. In nearly all flowers, the number of petals is a Fibonacci number. For instance, lilies have 3 petals, buttercups have 5, many delphiniums have 8, marigolds have 13, asters have 21, and daisies commonly have 13, 21, 34, 55 or 89. http://davidpratt.info/pattern1.htm
  • http://www.useit.com/alertbox/reading_pattern.html
  • One of the biggest mistakes typical business people make with documents is going out of their way to seemingly use every centimeter of space on a page, filling it up with text, boxes, clip art, charts, footers, etc. Space, often called "white space," is good. Embrace it. Use it. Often, the more space you don't use on a page, the clearer your message becomes.Empty space is beautiful, yes. But empty space also implies importance, elegance, professionalism. This is true with graphic design, but you can see the importance of space (both visual and physical) in the context of interior design. Think of the retail space, for example. Target is dedicated to design although they are a discounter. They know about space. Target stores are well designed. They have more empty space than other discounters, Walmart, for example.
  • One of the biggest mistakes typical business people make with documents is going out of their way to seemingly use every centimeter of space on a page, filling it up with text, boxes, clip art, charts, footers, etc. Space, often called "white space," is good. Embrace it. Use it. Often, the more space you don't use on a page, the clearer your message becomes.Empty space is beautiful, yes. But empty space also implies importance, elegance, professionalism. This is true with graphic design, but you can see the importance of space (both visual and physical) in the context of interior design. Think of the retail space, for example. Target is dedicated to design although they are a discounter. They know about space. Target stores are well designed. They have more empty space than other discounters, Walmart, for example.
  • One of the biggest mistakes typical business people make with documents is going out of their way to seemingly use every centimeter of space on a page, filling it up with text, boxes, clip art, charts, footers, etc. Space, often called "white space," is good. Embrace it. Use it. Often, the more space you don't use on a page, the clearer your message becomes.Empty space is beautiful, yes. But empty space also implies importance, elegance, professionalism. This is true with graphic design, but you can see the importance of space (both visual and physical) in the context of interior design. Think of the retail space, for example. Target is dedicated to design although they are a discounter. They know about space. Target stores are well designed. They have more empty space than other discounters, Walmart, for example.
  • One of the biggest mistakes typical business people make with documents is going out of their way to seemingly use every centimeter of space on a page, filling it up with text, boxes, clip art, charts, footers, etc. Space, often called "white space," is good. Embrace it. Use it. Often, the more space you don't use on a page, the clearer your message becomes.Empty space is beautiful, yes. But empty space also implies importance, elegance, professionalism. This is true with graphic design, but you can see the importance of space (both visual and physical) in the context of interior design. Think of the retail space, for example. Target is dedicated to design although they are a discounter. They know about space. Target stores are well designed. They have more empty space than other discounters, Walmart, for example.
  • One of the biggest mistakes typical business people make with documents is going out of their way to seemingly use every centimeter of space on a page, filling it up with text, boxes, clip art, charts, footers, etc. Space, often called "white space," is good. Embrace it. Use it. Often, the more space you don't use on a page, the clearer your message becomes.Empty space is beautiful, yes. But empty space also implies importance, elegance, professionalism. This is true with graphic design, but you can see the importance of space (both visual and physical) in the context of interior design. Think of the retail space, for example. Target is dedicated to design although they are a discounter. They know about space. Target stores are well designed. They have more empty space than other discounters, Walmart, for example.
  • http://lab.arc90.com/experiments/readability/ http://psd.tutsplus.com/articles/techniques/a-20-minute-intro-to-typography-basics/ http://ilovetypography.com/2008/02/28/a-guide-to-web-typography/ http://ilovetypography.com/2008/04/04/on-choosing-type/
  • http://lab.arc90.com/experiments/readability/ http://psd.tutsplus.com/articles/techniques/a-20-minute-intro-to-typography-basics/ http://ilovetypography.com/2008/02/28/a-guide-to-web-typography/ http://ilovetypography.com/2008/04/04/on-choosing-type/
  • http://lab.arc90.com/experiments/readability/ http://psd.tutsplus.com/articles/techniques/a-20-minute-intro-to-typography-basics/ http://ilovetypography.com/2008/02/28/a-guide-to-web-typography/ http://ilovetypography.com/2008/04/04/on-choosing-type/
  • Using an elegant font does not make a site elegant.
  • The conscious use of color to create hierarchy, dominance, and balance in a design can be very effective.Remember that color is useful for achieving a more unified and organized design. But to do so one must be consistent with the use of color on a page. Consistency is easier to achieve if the designer (i.e., you) limits the use of color choices to just a few. Using many colors in a single design would be like using many different font types — this inevitably leads to a messy and confusing piece of work. Make your color choices at the beginning of the design process rather than at the end. Leaving color choice to the end will likely end up leading to a superficial application of color. Color, like good design in general, is not cosmetic or veneer. Color choice is fundamental.Good color usage can help you guide the viewer's eyes through the design. Color can be used to emphasize. For example, darker type is noticed first. Color (say, red on a white page with black body text) can be used to highlight elements on a page which are most important. Color can also provide direction. Warm colors bring elements forward; cool colors move elements back. Alexander White suggests using graduated tints since there are no flat colors found in nature. When it comes to color use, however, one thing is quite clear: The benefits of color usage quickly diminish when color highlights are used too much or too many colors are applied to a design.
  • The conscious use of color to create hierarchy, dominance, and balance in a design can be very effective.Remember that color is useful for achieving a more unified and organized design. But to do so one must be consistent with the use of color on a page. Consistency is easier to achieve if the designer (i.e., you) limits the use of color choices to just a few. Using many colors in a single design would be like using many different font types — this inevitably leads to a messy and confusing piece of work. Make your color choices at the beginning of the design process rather than at the end. Leaving color choice to the end will likely end up leading to a superficial application of color. Color, like good design in general, is not cosmetic or veneer. Color choice is fundamental.Good color usage can help you guide the viewer's eyes through the design. Color can be used to emphasize. For example, darker type is noticed first. Color (say, red on a white page with black body text) can be used to highlight elements on a page which are most important. Color can also provide direction. Warm colors bring elements forward; cool colors move elements back. Alexander White suggests using graduated tints since there are no flat colors found in nature. When it comes to color use, however, one thing is quite clear: The benefits of color usage quickly diminish when color highlights are used too much or too many colors are applied to a design.
  • The conscious use of color to create hierarchy, dominance, and balance in a design can be very effective.Remember that color is useful for achieving a more unified and organized design. But to do so one must be consistent with the use of color on a page. Consistency is easier to achieve if the designer (i.e., you) limits the use of color choices to just a few. Using many colors in a single design would be like using many different font types — this inevitably leads to a messy and confusing piece of work. Make your color choices at the beginning of the design process rather than at the end. Leaving color choice to the end will likely end up leading to a superficial application of color. Color, like good design in general, is not cosmetic or veneer. Color choice is fundamental.Good color usage can help you guide the viewer's eyes through the design. Color can be used to emphasize. For example, darker type is noticed first. Color (say, red on a white page with black body text) can be used to highlight elements on a page which are most important. Color can also provide direction. Warm colors bring elements forward; cool colors move elements back. Alexander White suggests using graduated tints since there are no flat colors found in nature. When it comes to color use, however, one thing is quite clear: The benefits of color usage quickly diminish when color highlights are used too much or too many colors are applied to a design.
  • Avoid graphical applicationsThe temptation is to think “I have to do some design, that means I need to open Photoshop. That is what designers use”. Of course that is entirely true, designers do use graphic applications like Photoshop or Freehand. However, I would suggest that unless you are already familiar with these kinds of applications, you are just adding more complexity to the problem.Its hard enough to apply the principles of good design without adding learning a new application on top of it.You know code, so work with code. Build your site using CSS and XHTML and these are the tools with which you are familiar. Sure, it wont lead to outstanding design, but that is not the aim as I discuss next…Don’t try and be great; be invisibleDon’t try and produce a “creative” or “innovative” piece of design. Designers find this hard enough to do. The danger is that if you try and do this, you will create something that some people may love, but the majority completely hate. Instead, play safe. Try and make your design invisible. A good solid piece of design will not impress but neither will it offend. The idea is that the users will not even notice it, they just use it. If the user doesn’t acknowledge what you have produced it means it hasn’t caused them any problems and that is a good thing. Sure, you wont win any design awards but that isn’t very likely anyway!
  • Avoid graphical applicationsThe temptation is to think “I have to do some design, that means I need to open Photoshop. That is what designers use”. Of course that is entirely true, designers do use graphic applications like Photoshop or Freehand. However, I would suggest that unless you are already familiar with these kinds of applications, you are just adding more complexity to the problem.Its hard enough to apply the principles of good design without adding learning a new application on top of it.You know code, so work with code. Build your site using CSS and XHTML and these are the tools with which you are familiar. Sure, it wont lead to outstanding design, but that is not the aim as I discuss next…Don’t try and be great; be invisibleDon’t try and produce a “creative” or “innovative” piece of design. Designers find this hard enough to do. The danger is that if you try and do this, you will create something that some people may love, but the majority completely hate. Instead, play safe. Try and make your design invisible. A good solid piece of design will not impress but neither will it offend. The idea is that the users will not even notice it, they just use it. If the user doesn’t acknowledge what you have produced it means it hasn’t caused them any problems and that is a good thing. Sure, you wont win any design awards but that isn’t very likely anyway!
  • Avoid graphical applicationsThe temptation is to think “I have to do some design, that means I need to open Photoshop. That is what designers use”. Of course that is entirely true, designers do use graphic applications like Photoshop or Freehand. However, I would suggest that unless you are already familiar with these kinds of applications, you are just adding more complexity to the problem.Its hard enough to apply the principles of good design without adding learning a new application on top of it.You know code, so work with code. Build your site using CSS and XHTML and these are the tools with which you are familiar. Sure, it wont lead to outstanding design, but that is not the aim as I discuss next…Don’t try and be great; be invisibleDon’t try and produce a “creative” or “innovative” piece of design. Designers find this hard enough to do. The danger is that if you try and do this, you will create something that some people may love, but the majority completely hate. Instead, play safe. Try and make your design invisible. A good solid piece of design will not impress but neither will it offend. The idea is that the users will not even notice it, they just use it. If the user doesn’t acknowledge what you have produced it means it hasn’t caused them any problems and that is a good thing. Sure, you wont win any design awards but that isn’t very likely anyway!

Designing for Mobile Designing for Mobile Presentation Transcript

  • Mobile Design and User Experience that
    Doesn’t suck
    Paul Traniptrani@adobe.comwww.paultrani.com @paultrani
  • Work
    Ride
    Live
    Love
    Play
    • Adobe Evangelist
    • Lynda.com author
    • Adobe Certified Instructor
    • Art school graduate
    Paul Trani
  • Why should you care?
    Question
  • Don’t Get Caught
  • Keys to Successful Mobile Design
    Understand the User
    Create Appropriate Content
    Use Device Capabilities
    Design for Device Constraints
    Understand Design Fundamentals
  • the mobile user
    Mobile Design/UX
  • Who is Your Target Audience?
    Generation Y: 97% have a computer, 94% have a mobile phone.
    In the next 5 years more transactions will happen on devices over desktops.
  • Where are They?
    Development
    Inside
    Outside
    (partly cloudy)
    Outside
    (sunny)
  • When Will They Interact?
    Design for two minute tasks.
    Make navigation shallow and easy.
  • How Are They Holding the Device?
    600x1024
    ?
    ?
    One hand? Two hands? Portrait? Landscape? Both?
  • Why Will They Use it?
    Fun? Engaging? Informational? Helpful?
  • Content within context
    Mobile Design/UX
  • Lack of Context
  • Create, Don’t Convert
  • Content
  • Content
    (But have a link to the full site)
  • use device capabilities
    Mobile Design/UX
  • Device Capabilities
  • Using Capabilities
    • Click for more info?
    • Swipe for additional items?
    • Pinch to zoom?
    • GPS for nearby stores?
  • Using Capabilities
  • device constraints
    Mobile Design/UX
  • =
    • Processing power of a computer 8 years old
    • Screen 1/3 the size
    Device Constraints
  • Graphics
    • Consider bitmaps over vectors
    • Keep bitmaps as small as possible
    • Minimize number of vectors
    • Test your animations with different qualities of Stage
    Avoid, if possible:
    • Filters
    • Blend modes
    • Transparency
    • Perspective distortion
  • ActionScript
    • Set frame rate as low as possible
    • Dynamically adjust frame rate
    • Use enterFrame event when necessary
    • Consolidate into a single handler instead of multiple ones
    Avoid, if possible:
    • High-frequency timers
    • UpdateAfterEvent
  • Mobile/Tablet Device Sizes
    1024x768
    132ppi
    1024x600
    240ppi
    854x480
    240ppi
    800x480
    240ppi
    480x320
    163ppi
    960x640
    326ppi
    120 ppi (low), 160 ppi (mid) or 240 ppi (high)
  • Dynamically Adjust Graphic Sizes
    Create a button that’s ½” across three devices:
    next_btn.width = Capabilities.screenDPI * .5;
  • Don’t Resize. Recreate.
    Mobile
    Tablet
  • Don’t Resize. Recreate.
    Mobile
    Tablet
  • iOS User Experience
    Back
    New/Edit
    Home
  • Options Menu
    Android User Experience
    Back
    Home
  • BlackBerry Playbook User Experience
    Context Menu or 2nd Navigation
    Application
    Switching
    Application
    Switching
    Minimize Application
    Bring up Keyboard
    Orientation
    Change
  • Use Existing User Experience Metaphors
  • Leverage Real World Metaphors
    The UK’s Most Popular Handheld
  • Elements of successful design
    Layout, Typography, Color
  • Bad News
  • Layout
    Elements of Successful Design
  • Elements of Successful Design
    leading the eye
    • Start with a grid
    • Layout Design AIR App: www.paultrani.com
  • One Column? Two?
  • The Golden Ratio
    • Proportion defined as 1.618
    • Found in nature, art and architecture
    • Layout Design AIR App: www.paultrani.com
    1
    1.618
  • Grid Structure
    Divide the page into a grid
    The eye naturally follows an “F” shape
  • 42
    Button Placement
    Copyright 2009 Adobe Systems Incorporated. All rights reserved. Adobe confidential.
  • Native Keyboard Placement
  • Design for Real Hand Sizes
    45x45px
    15x15px
    • The average fingertip is 3x larger than the hand cursor
    • Make your buttons 3x larger
  • Space
    “Perfection is achieved not when there is nothing left to add,but when there is nothing left to take away”
    Antoine de Saint-Exupery
    • Implies importance, elegance, and professionalism.
    • Don’t try to be great, try to be invisible.
  • Space
    Ross
    Kenneth Cole
  • Google
  • Examples
  • typography
    Elements of Successful Design
  • Typography
    “Typography has one plain duty before it and that’s to convey information in writing.”
    Emil Ruder, Founder of Basel School of Design
    Choose a font that fits the subject
    Don’t use more than three
    Font size around 24pt
  • Choosing a Font
    San-serif lack Serifs and are considered modern
    Understand type anatomy
    Understand type measurements
  • Contrast
    Size
    Hierarchy
    Focus on Clarity
  • Examples
  • Color Theory
    Elements of Successful Design
  • Color
    “Use color to emphasize importance, not decorate a page.”
    Alexander White
    Use color to create hierarchy, dominance, and balance
    Consistent use of a few colors makes a more cohesive design
  • Color
    Choose colors using The Color Wheel
    Warm colors bring elements forward
    Cool colors move elements back
    Find contemporary colors using Kuler
  • Example
  • Application of the fundamentals
    Application
  • Etsy
  • Example
    We want to sell you stuff you don’t need.
  • Product
  • Thank You
    • http://www.patterntap.com
    • http://www.webdesignerdepot.com
    • http://www.alistapart.com
    • www.paultrani.com
    • http://www.designmeltdown.com
    • http://www.smashingmagazine.com
    • http://www.uxbooth.com
    • http://www.colourlovers.com
    • http://www.webdesignerwall.com
    • http://thinkvitamin.com
    • http://www.noupe.com
    Paul Traniptrani@adobe.comwww.paultrani.com