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David Slingshots Guitar Theory Paradise1

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* Hard code the most important formula in music, in a manner that you never forget it.
* Know the 3 basics of music - you can`t live without them!

* Discover the secret on how to land on the right note on the fret board.
* Capture the first step to unlocking guitar chords, scales, modes, chord progressions, chord substitutions, melody construction etc...

* Comes with exercises in guitar tab and notation so you can try the skill right away.

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    David  Slingshots  Guitar  Theory  Paradise1 David Slingshots Guitar Theory Paradise1 Document Transcript

    • DISCLAIMER AND/OR LEGAL NOTICES:While all attempts have been made to verify information provided in this publication, neither the Author nor thePublisher assumes responsibility for errors, inaccurate or omissions. Any slights of people or organizationsare unintentional.This book and related materials are based on information from sources believed to be accurate and reliableand every reasonable effort has been made to make this book and related materials as complete and accurateas possible but such completeness and accuracy cannot be and is not guaranteed. The reader and user of theInformation should use this book and related materials as a general guide and not as the ultimate source ofinformation. This book and related materials are not intended to include every possible bit of information re-garding the Information but rather to complement and supplement information otherwise available and thereader and user should use the Information accordingly.The purchaser or reader of this publication assumes responsibility for the use of these materials information.The Author, the publisher and any other partly expressly disclaim any liability for any loss or damage from anyuse of any part of the information.Copyright © 2010 by Paul Trajano/ iale—m.a.d.All Right Reserved, including the right to reproduceThis manual may not be reproduced in whole or in part, by mimeograph or any other means, without permission.The Family Story™The Fret Board Story™Playing by the Root™are trademarks of iale—m.a.d.CHARACTER DESIGNS by Arence Jean Pineda“Iale” LOGO DESIGN by David JimenezContact me at: paultrajano@gmail.com || www.ghlz.blogspot.com THIS IS A FREE CHAPTER OF THE e-book ‘DAVID SLINGSHOTS GUITAR THEORY’ IF YOU FIND IT USEFUL & WOULD LIKE TO SHARE IT TO YOUR FRIENDS, PLEASE DON’T SEND THEM THIS COPY. PLEASE DIRECT THEM TO SIGN UP FOR FREE LATEST VERSION (bonus GHLZ newsletter) at: www.guitarherolimitzero.com
    • GUITAR HERO LIMIT ZERO SERIESWELCOME!This is Paradise I (Chapter I) of‘David Slingshots Guitar Theories: KnockingGiant Confusions & Beyond’Here is the LEGEND of the characters you’ll meetinside. Good luck and have fun! ? DEFINITION TRICK ICON DID YOU KNOW? POWER TIP MEMORY IMPORTANT CUE GUITAR VISUAL AIDE CHECK POINT
    • PARADISE I: BASICS THAT MATTER THE IDEA:TO easily understand how the BACKBONE of western music works - starting with the major tones - IT’S THAT IMPORTANT!WITHIN THIS CHAPTER, WE HAVE A GOAL OF UNCOVERING:A. MUSIC DEFINEDB. MUSIC’S BIG THREEC. 12 INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS of WESTERN MUSIC & INTERVALSD. 7/12 - THE SEVEN MAJOR TONESE. THE MUSICAL ALPHABETF. ACCIDENTALSG. HARD CODING THE MAJOR SCALE FORMULAH. POWER TIP! - CHEATING INTERVAL LOCATION PARADISE SECRET : How to hard code & decipher the formula of the 7 Major Tones the kindergarten way (Major Scale). PARADISE POWER TIP : PARADISE POWER TIP : How to easily land on the right note, even if you don’t know any scale.
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 Paradise I: BASICS THAT MATTER A. MUSIC DEFINED - Introduction From the Merriam-Webster Dictionary Music Pronunciation: myü-zik Function: noun Etymology: Middle English musik, from Anglo-French musike, from Latin musica, from Greek mousikē any art presided over by the Muses, especially music, from feminine of mousikos of the Muses, from Mousa Muse Date: 13th century 1 a: the science or art of ordering tones or sounds in succession, in combination, and in temporal relationships to produce a composition having unity and continuity b: vocal, instrumental, or mechanical sounds having rhythm, melody, or harmony 2 a: an agreeable sound : e.g. Her voice was music to my ears. Music Defined in This Book Music is an auditory science and art which 1) uses well ordered sounds and their combination that moves through time and; 2) synergizes with the beauty of form and feeling of emotional intensity that tells of every human existence, experience and society. What really is music? Music for me is a gift from heaven, whether on the creator’s side or the listener’s side, which relates to something that is to be expressed and cultivated from our feelings within and exchanged outside with artistic approach along natural scientific clues. It is a phenomenon so vast & expressive, too noble and elusive that I must ask forgiveness for I can’t find words to fully describe it with just bearing & confinement; but a language that is very forgiving and universal that transcends race, vocabulary, age and philosophy - which makes it the most beautiful language there is. Whether my definition be right or wrong, I don’t know… What is music? I still don’t know but let us still explore. - Paul TrajanoDavid Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 5
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 B. MUSIC’S BIG THREE - Elements Music, in its totality, has three main elements. Anytime you play something on your guitar, or listen to a song, you will surely always encounter one or more of these elements. RHYTHM Movement in musical time, with periodical recurrence of accent. Simply, rhythm is timing of the notes that you are playing - the tick and the tock, the 1-2 -3-CLAP -1-2 -3-CLAP … etc. HARMONY In music, harmony manifests itself as a pleasing sensation in the listener as the ear discerns more than one distinct source of sound. The basic guitar chords that we play are MELODY composed of notes that are ‘in harmony.’ A melody is a rhythmical succession of single A guitar solo playing over some bass lines tones, with the most parts belonging to a given that blend beautifully is ‘in harmony.’ key, that are so related together as to form a musical thought, at once pleasing to the ear. You could add as many instruments as you like and if they sound pleasing to the ears together, then they’re in harmony. Try this. Hum the first song that comes into your mind. That is melody. Is that all brah?David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 6
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 C. 12 INDIVIDUAL SOUNDS of WESTERN MUSIC & INTERVALS Music is translated thru our ears, that is, in the simplest idea, we can’t see it. But for the purpose of easier instruction, let us imagine that music is made up of 12 equally divided blocks, each block representing a musical tone. INTERVAL - distance between two tones ( 1 block = 1 tone) a. half step interval (a.k.a semitone)  small interval from one note to the next closest note, higher or lower  (the interval between a particular block and the block beside it) b. whole step interval (a.k.a tone)  a musical interval of two half-step intervals The pitch of a note is how high or low it sounds. Musicians often find it useful to talk about how much higher or lower one note is than another e.g. ‘a note half step above; or a note a whole step below’ 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 HALF STEP HALF STEP + HALF STEP = WHOLE STEP On the guitar, the half step & whole step intervals would look like this: 1 2 3 4 5 6 From an open string to 1 fret to the next fret is WHOLE STEP the 1st fret is HALF STEP also a HALF STEP Open String - a string not being pressed by a fretting hand DID YOU KNOW? If you use half step intervals all through out the 12 notes, a scale called chromatic scale is born. If you use whole step intervals all through out the 12 notes, a scale called whole step scale is born.David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 7
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 D. 7/12 - THE SEVEN MAJOR TONES Seven out of the 12 tones have been given major significance. They are the 7 Major Tones, which collectively acts as the backbone from which almost everything that has to do with melody & harmony in music ex- pands from. HOW IMPORTANT IS THIS? Grasping this thoroughly is the secret to understanding the mysteries of chord formation, chord progression, scale derivation, modes and a lot more very easily. First, let us locate which of the 12 tones consist the major 7. 12 blocks repeats ... 1 2 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10-11-12 and so on... 12 blocks These numbered blocks will represent the 7 Major Tones. DID YOU KNOW? The “do-re-mi” we’ve been singing since childhood are actually the 7 Major Tones. Q : If there are only 7major tones, then what are the blocks 8, 9 and so on for? A: Blocks 8 and 9 will show us the ‘octave’ relationship, which simply means that blocks 1 & 8 are technically just the same notes, only that 8 is a higher pitch version of 1. (do—re—mi—fa—so—la—ti—do) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 That is why when singing “do-re-mi” you end with another ‘do’, but this time a “higher do” Octave – two pitches with the same name, located 12 half steps apart. “8” is an octave higher from “1” - “1” is an octave lower from “8” The same applies to: 2 & 9 | 3 & 10 | 5 & 11 | And so on...David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 8
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 D. 7/12 - THE SEVEN MAJOR TONES On the guitar, the 7 major tones in the key of ’C’ would look like this: 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 6 IMPORTANT The 7 major tones were not just randomly picked out of thin air. Their positions are actually derived from half steps & whole steps combination in a specific formula: W - W - H - W - W - W - H IMPORTANT TRUTH The 7 major tones in this formula is actually the Major Scale. Understand how the major scale works (in & out) and tasks like analyzing songs and licks becomes a piece of cake. GOLDEN RULE You can’t dive into deeper theory without first laying a very thorough knowledge of the Major Scale. And the first step is hard coding the formula into our mind. Two more basic lessons, the musical alphabet & accidentals, and the fun part of hard coding is next! DID YOU KNOW? Numeric Tone Solfeggio Name Degree Name 1 First (root) Do Tonic As you may have noticed, we used 2 Second Re Supertonic numbers to name the 7 Major Tones. 3 Third Mi Mediant 4 Fourth Fa Subdominant Here are some other terms used to name the tones we use in western 5 Five So (Sol) Dominant music. The numeric, tone and de- 6 Sixth La Submediant gree name use are not limited to the major scale only but to others 7 Seventh Ti Leading Note scales as well. 8 Eight (octave) Do TonicDavid Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 9
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 E.THE MUSICAL ALPHABET 1. Important things to remember about the musical alphabet  The musical alphabet goes from “A to G”, then back to “A” again.  As you continue up the musical alphabet, the pitches of the notes get higher (when you go past G up to A again)  Only notes “B & C” and “E & F” are separated by a half step interval. The rest of the notes are separated by whole step intervals. A B C D E F G A B C D and so on... To easily memorize the letters that are separated by a half step, simply remember the phrase: “Big Cat Eats Fish” No matter what happens, BC & EF will always stay beside each other. The musical alphabet would look like this on the 5th string: 12th O-A B C D E F G A B C DDavid Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 10
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 E.THE MUSICAL ALPHABET Open string Alphabet Name string # Every E 1 thinnest DEFINITION Boy B 2 Goes G 3 Open String - a string not being Down D 4 pressed by a fretting After A 5 hand Eating E 6 thickest Notes of the entire fret board Start from the open string name and sing “Big Cat Eats Fish” the ABC! 12th E F G A B C D E B C D E F G A B G A B C D E F G D E F G A B C D A B C D E F G A E F G A B C D E And so on...  The note name on the 12th fret of any string is always the same as the open string. CHECK POINT Memorize the open string  “As above, so below” - Notes on the 6th names and the note locations of string are exactly the same on the 1st POWER TIPS! BC & EF on starting from the 6th string” string followed by the other strings.David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 11
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 F.ACCIDENTALS - for the empty blocks 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 These “empty blocks” can be named using ACCIDENTALS - Flat (b) and Sharp (#) to be specific. Flat (b) means “a tone below” || Sharp (#) means “a tone above” JUST REMEMBER: Flat tire and thumb tack on the floor A FLAT tire goes down A SHARP thumb tack points up This symbol is also called “natural”, also an accidental. Its use is to “return a note” to its original state, that is without sharps or flats. You’ll find this symbol often used on pieces written in standard notation. 1 2 3 4 5 C D E F G A B C D 6 When going upward, we use sharp “#” C# D# F# G# A# Db Eb Gb Ab Bb When going downward, we use flat “b” Q: Does that mean that “C#” and “Db” (along with D# & Eb and so on…) are the same sounds? A: Yes. The term for that is “Enharmonic”, meaning different notations with the same sound.David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 12
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 G. HARD CODING THE MAJOR SCALE FORMULA ‘The Family Story’ Once upon a time... There lived a father, a mother & a baby who cross a big mountain to get to their small hut. And they lived happily ever after. The end. TRICK ICON! Mountain is BIG so Father is a BIG Mother is a BIG Baby is SMALL each line will repre- Small hut will man so he will person so she so he will repre- sent a whole step. represent a represent a will represent a sent a half (3 lines = 3 whole whole step. whole step. step. steps). half step. On the guitar, the Family Story would look like this: 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 6 CHECK POINT Get your guitar & recite the story while picking the strings. Use varia- H W W W H tions like starting on a different W W part of the story (e.g start at the And like the 7 Major Tones, The Family Story repeats itself too. baby), using different strings, recit- ing forward and backwards & start- ing on any note on the fret board. CONGRATULATIONS!David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 13
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 H. POWER TIP! - CHEATING INTERVAL LOCATION POWER TIP: How to easily land on the right notes of the major scale 2h2 using the half step intervals of a scale as a guide. TRICK ICON! REMEMBER: There are only 2 half step intervals in a major scale (and it’s derivatives) ANYWHERE and on WHICHEVER STRING on the guitar. POWER TIP! 1 2 3 4 5 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 6 There will always be And after the half step 2 whole steps before ... interval of a major scale. The trick is to 1) visually mark where the half step intervals are placed over the fret board 2) instantly visualize 2 notes that are whole step intervals apart from both sides of your marks This trick can always be used with Major and minor scales and their modes (more on modes on up- coming chapters). Practice on a single key first, with one string, subsequently adding more strings until you cover the 6 strings. THIS IS A VERY CONVENIENT WAY TO VISUALIZE & MEMORIZE THE MAJOR SCALE OVER THE FRET BOARD. *Try this with tapping technique and enjoy! (check out tons of video on tapping from youtube.com) I’ll be sending examples of tapping exercise and video to Guitar Hero Limit Zero Newslet- ter subscribers soon.David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 14
    • www.guitarherolimitzero.com . www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html . www.ghlz.blogspot.com Paradise 1 APPLICATION 2h2 Single String Exercise - Key of C 2 Hand Tapping - Single String Exercise - Key of C FINGER LEGEND PICKING FRETTING ADDITIONAL EXPLORATION: HAND HAND THUMB T Play ‘freestyle’ using the tricks INDEX I 1 we’ve just discussed. Experiment MIDDLE M 2 with the rhythm & melody you would be creating. RING R 3 PINKY O 4David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking Giant Confusions & Beyond 15
    • PARADISE 1 FLASH BACK We have uncovered:  Music  Elements of Music  Half Step Interval  Whole Step Interval  The Seven Major Tones “Big Cat Eats Fish”  Accidentals  Musical Alphabet We defined the words:  Open string  Pitch  Interval Every E  Enharmonic Boy B  Octave Goes G  Chromatic Scale Down D  Whole-step Scale After A Eating E 2h2 CHECK POINTS! If you have 2 tones that are a half step apart ANYWHERE on the guitar, on WHICHEVER Memorize the open string STRING… There will always be 2 whole names and the note locations steps before and after them . of BC & EF on starting from the 6th string followed by the other strings.  The note name on the 12th fret of any string is always the same as the open Memorize Family Story by string. heart  “As above, so below” - Notes on the 6th string are exactly the same on the 1st string”
    • A LETTER FOR YOU IS SELLING YOUR SOUL FOR ROCK & ROLL A FAIR EXCHANGE?Dear Friend,Some things may seem useless for us at first, until the day we discover that ourlife would actually depend on that seemingly useless thing.World renowned guru, Deepak Chopra, said this about the Law of Giving &Receiving: there is a thing in our life called circulation of wealth...where we receive gifts from others & keep the wealth circulating by giving back,so that you could receive again… and so on.I have just the perfect & widely known story to show you what I mean.It is a story worth sharing over & over again. Here goes: One day, a poor boy who was selling goods from door to door to pay his way through school, found he had only one thin dime left, and he was hungry. He decided he would ask for a meal at the next house. However, he lost his nerve when a lovely young woman opened the door. Instead of a meal he asked for a drink of water. She thought he looked hungry so brought him a large glass of milk. He drank it slowly, and then asked, “How much do I owe you?” “You don’t owe me anything,” she replied. “Mother has taught us never to accept pay for a kindness.” He said….. “Then I thank you from my heart.” As Howard Kelly left that house, he not only felt stronger physically, but his faith in God and man was strong also. He had been ready to give up and quit. —————————————————————————————————— Year’s later that young woman became critically ill. The local doctors were baffled. They finally sent her to the big city, where they called in specialists to study her rare disease. Dr. Howard Kelly was called in for the consultation. When he heard the name of the town she came from, a strange light filled his eyes. Immediately he rose and went down the hall of the hospital to room. Dressed in his doctor’s gown he went in to see her. He recognized her at once. He went back to the consultation room determined to do his best to save her life. From that day he gave special attention to the case. After a long struggle, the battle was won. Dr. Kelly requested the business office to pass the final bill to him for approval. He looked at it, then wrote something on the edge and the bill was sent to her room. She feared to open it, for she was sure it would take the rest of her life to pay for it all. Finally she looked, and something caught her attention on the side of the bill. She read these words….. “Paid in full with one glass of milk” (Dr. Kelly is a founding doctor of the Johns Hopkins Hospital.) ——————————————————————————————————--
    • You may never know that the person you will be giving something to now may the person that will be a significant part of you life in the future… the band buddy you have been waiting for, or the manager of the recording company you have been dreaming of having a contract with, or even a future famous, musician that has been, in one way or another, been inspired by your gesture of giving, I could go on forever but I guess you get the idea, right?The silent-but-deadly tool: Be a part of this ‘Circulation of Wealth.’ Just share what you have. The discoveries and wisdom you gain. The techniques you mastered. The skill of poetry or lyrics writing. The song you made. The guitar playing skill you gained. Share it. You may give for free, but asking for something FAIR in exchange is NOT bad either- it’s how all business works, and the whole world is a business, whether you accept it or not, & besides, you have to give some- thing for yourself too, right?WHY IS ASKING FAIR? To give yourself a favor of receiving. It’s how things shouldcirculate. If you don’t receive, you will have nothing to give, and when you have nothingto give, others will have nothing to receive.===================================================================WITH THIS IN MIND, I’LL BE ASKING YOU A FAVOR TO JOIN ME IN KEEPING THECIRCULATION OF WEALTH FLOWING.By now you’ve I assume you’ve read the free content of David Slingshots Guitar Theory,and will soon be receiving Guitar Hero Limit Zero Newsletters.You can keep the circulation of wealth flowing by sharing this material to at least 2of your friends. How do we know if we’ve done our part of sharing? - When at least2 of your guitar playing friends have subscribed to www.guitarherolimitzero.comtoo (just kike you did).===================================================================Here’s an idea of how you do the sharing.A. Send them message through 1) e-mail 2) text message 3) Facebook or social networking sites 4) etc.B. Recommend the link www.guitarherolimitzero.com to 1) social networking sites 2) blogs 3) guitar forums 4) other comment fields 5) twitter 6) etc===================================================================Your message could go like:Hi Friend!I’ve stumbled upon this e-book titled David Slingshots Guitar Theory: Knocking GiantConfusions & Beyond.The first chapter has been useful and informative to me. I think you might find somethinginteresting there too. The good thing is the subscription for instant download is FREE, sothere’s really nothing to lose. Give it a try too, I did and it did me wonder. Let me know ifyou’re already subscribed.Here’s the link to the site: www.guitarherolimitzero.com===================================================================Thanks and Good Luck!Best Wishes,Paul Trajano- just a simple friend who roots for your success...P.S It took me years to finally arrive, teach & prepare for this and upcoming materi-als. So I hope you understand that I’m only asking for a few minutes of your time.Please don’t stop ‘til you get two to subscribe. Helping each other is a gift.
    • 23 y/o Guitarist, Stuck in a Rut for 5 Years... Single Change & Suddenly…Played Live on T.V & Radio, Went Into Recording and Got a Song Aired!Within 5 minutes, you could be discovering how simple philosophies & practical tricks may advance your Guitar playing & maturity instantly... SO YOUD BE PRACTICING LESS & PLAYING BETTER! Find out how at:www.guitarherolimitzero.com/dustoff.html