A History of St Johns Bridge
Shared by ToPa 3D!

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Portland, Oregon!
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Images Captured with FARO Focus3D Scanner - ToPa...
Introduction!

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The St. Johns Bridge, completed in 1931 is the only large, early steel suspension bridge
in the state of...
A Bridge is Mathematics Brought to Life!

A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D

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Details: West Anchorage & Cable Bent Saddle!

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A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D

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Willamette River (St. Johns) Bridge!
Portland Vicinity !
Multnomah County, 1931!

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The St. Johns Bridge, the work of...
largest and longest prestressed twisted
rope strand cables. In addition to their
extraordinary size, this treatment
repres...
Scan Visualizations!

A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D

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A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D

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A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D

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St Johns Bridge Laser Scans - ToPa 3D

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ToPa 3D laser scanned the St. Johns Bridge in Portland, Oregon - another historic site archived through the 'Sentinel Project'.
History of the Bridge:
The St. Johns Bridge, completed in 1931 is the only large, early steel suspension bridge
in the state of Oregon. Designed by internationally-famous bridge engineer David B.
Steinman, St. Johns was the largest of its type in the world for a while. This innovative
structure boasts many notable accomplishments, such as the first use of main steel towers
(400 feet high) without conventional diagonal bracing, the highest concrete rigid-frame pier
in the world, as well as the use of pre-stressed rope strands (in place of conventional parallel
wire cable construction). St. Johns is the tallest of Portland's bridges, and, after it opened, it
marked the end of the use of ferry service across the Willamette River. The St. Johns Bridge is
a designated Portland Historical Landmark.

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St Johns Bridge Laser Scans - ToPa 3D

  1. 1. A History of St Johns Bridge Shared by ToPa 3D! ! Portland, Oregon! ! ! Images Captured with FARO Focus3D Scanner - ToPa 3D! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! ! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 1
  2. 2. Introduction! ! The St. Johns Bridge, completed in 1931 is the only large, early steel suspension bridge in the state of Oregon. Designed by internationally-famous bridge engineer David B. Steinman, St. Johns was the largest of its type in the world for a while. This innovative structure boasts many notable accomplishments, such as the first use of main steel towers (400 feet high) without conventional diagonal bracing, the highest concrete rigid-frame pier in the world, as well as the use of pre-stressed rope strands (in place of conventional parallel wire cable construction). St. Johns is the tallest of Portland's bridges, and, after it opened, it marked the end of the use of ferry service across the Willamette River. The St. Johns Bridge is a designated Portland Historical Landmark.! ! Measured Drawings of the St. Johns Bridge are part of the Willamette River Bridges Recordation Project, and provided courtesy of the Historic American Engineering Record, National Park Service, Department of the Interior. ! Delineated By: Nicholas A. Zydycryn, 1999.! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 2
  3. 3. A Bridge is Mathematics Brought to Life! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 3
  4. 4. Details: West Anchorage & Cable Bent Saddle! ! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 4
  5. 5. ! Willamette River (St. Johns) Bridge! Portland Vicinity ! Multnomah County, 1931! ! ! The St. Johns Bridge, the work of master bridge engineer David B. Steinman, is significant for its design, construction methods, and representation among suspension bridges in the TransMississippi West, and in Oregon. In a national competition, Multnomah County Commissioners selected engineer David B. Steinman to design either a cantilevered or suspension bridge over the Willamette River at a site between the communities of Linnton and St. Johns. Steinman, a principal in the New York firm of Robinson & Steinman, prepared drawings for both bridge types and his suspension design was chosen. In its steel and concrete architecture, the bridge reflected a bold Gothic arch motif unifying the entire span and the fifteen progressively taller piers of the east approach span. Built from 1929-1931, the St. Johns also set engineering records while featuring important engineering innovations. The structure’s 1207foot main span was the longest of any suspension bridge west of Detroit at the time of its construction. Flanked by two 430-foot long side spans, the bridge incorporated the world’s A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 5
  6. 6. largest and longest prestressed twisted rope strand cables. In addition to their extraordinary size, this treatment represented a departure from conventional parallel wire construction. Another distinctive feature was the use of tall arch-shaped concrete viaduct piers reinforced with structural steel frames. Pier number 10, with a height of 183 feet, became the tallest reinforced concrete pier in the world. The 400-foot lofty towers were supported without the use of traditional diagonal bracing, while the 205-foot underclearance above navigable water at center span was then a record. Nearing completion, it was announced on March 17, 1931 that the four-lane bridge would be painted a distinctive color of verde-green to harmonize with the forested setting on the Linnton side of the river. Completed at a cost of $4,000,000 the structure became the eighth and longest Willamette River Bridge in Portland at the time of its construction.! ! ! ! Historic Narrative provided courtesy of The Historic American Engineering Record, National Park Service: Willamette River Bridges Recordation Project.! Summer, 1999.! ! ! ! ! ! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 6
  7. 7. Scan Visualizations! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 7
  8. 8. A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 8
  9. 9. ! A HISTORY OF ST. JOHNS BRIDGE - TOPA 3D 9

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