Central university of ecuador xtreme sport by Paul Iñiguez
History of Extreme Sport By Paul Iñiguez
The origin of the divergence of the term "extreme sports" from "sports" may date to the 1950s in the appearance of a phrase usually, but wrongly, attributed to Ernest Hemingway.] The phrase is "There are only three sports: bullfighting, motor racing, and mountaineering; all the rest are merely games." The implication of the phrase was that the word "sport" defined an activity in which one might be killed. The other activities being termed "games". The phrase may have been invented by either writer Barnaby Conrad or automotive author Ken Purdy.[ In recent decades the term extreme sport was further promoted by X Games, a multi-sport event created and developed by ESPN. The first X Games (known as 1995 Extreme Games) were held in Newport, Providence, Mount Snow, and Vermont in the United States. A history of the sports was published in 2004. Amped: How Big Air, Big Dollars and a New Generation Took Sports to the Extreme. The book provided an overview of the history, culture, and business of the sports and included interviews with athletes, company owners, and marketers
The terms origin is also unclear, but it gained popularity in the 1990s when it was picked up by marketing companies to promote the X Games. Ice climbing While use of the term "extreme sport" has spread far and wide to describe a multitude of different activities, exactly which sports are considered extreme is debatable. There are however several characteristics common to most extreme sports. While not the exclusive domain of youth, extreme sports tend to have a younger-than-average target demographic. Extreme sports are rarely sanctioned by schools. Extreme sports tend to be more solitary than traditional sports . (Rafting and paintballing are notable exception, as they are done in teams.) In addition, beginning extreme athletes tend to work on their craft without the guidance of a coach (though some may hire a coach later).
Joe Tomlinson classified extreme sports into those that take place in air, land, and water, Nine air sports are mentioned including: BASE jumping, bungee jumping, gliding, hang gliding, high wire, ski jumping, sky diving, sky surfing, and sky flying. Eighteen land sports including: indoor climbing, adventure racing, aggressive inline skating, BMX, caving, motocross, extreme skiing, freestyle skiing, land and ice yachting, mountain biking, mountain boarding, outdoor climbing, sandboarding, skateboarding, snowboarding, snowmobiling, speed biking, speed skiing, scootering and street luge. Fifteen water sports including: barefoot water skiing, cliff diving, free-diving, jet skiing, open water swimming, powerboat racing, round the world yacht racing, scuba diving, snorkeling, speed sailing, surfing, wakeboarding, whitewater kayaking, windsurfing, and kitesurfing.
Gliding is a recreational activity and competitive air sport in which pilots fly unpowered aircraft known as gliders or sailplanes using naturally occurring currents of rising air in the atmosphere to remain airborne. The word soaring is also used for the sport.
Is a sport in which skiers go down a take-off ramp, jump and attempt to land as far as possible down the hill below. In addition to the length of the jump, judges give points for style. The skis used for ski jumping are wide and long (260 to 275 centimetres (100 to 108 in)). Ski jumping is predominantly a winter sport, performed on snow, and is part of the Winter Olympic Games, but can also be performed in summerSki jumping facility in Einsiedeln, on artificial surfaces – porcelain or Switzerland frost rail track on the inrun, plastic on the landing hill.
Is an activity that involves jumping from a tall structure while connected to a large elastic cord. The tall structure is usually a fixed object, such as a building, bridge or crane; but it is also possible to jump from a movable object, such as a hot-air-balloon or helicopter, that has the ability to hover) above the ground. The thrill comes as much from the free-falling as from the rebounds. When the person jumps, the cord stretches and the jumper flies upwards again as the cord snaps back (not actually snapping though), and continues to oscillate up and down until all the Bungee Jump in energy is dissipated. Normandy, France (Souleuvre Viaduct)
Also called expedition racing is a combination of two or more endurance disciplines, including orienteering (if an orienteering map is used) and/or navigation (when non- orienteering maps are used), cross- country running, mountain biking, paddling and climbing and related rope skills. An expedition event can span ten days or more while sprints can be completed in a matter ofTeam Wild Rose setting out on hours. There is typically no dark the paddling section at Full period during races, irrespective of Moon in June, 2009, Panorama length; competitors must choose if Mountain Village. or when to rest.
Is a form of inline skating, performed on specially designed inline skates with focus on sliding stances known as grinds with a focus on new tricks, stunts and personal style. Participants often refer to the activity as "rollerblading", "blading" , "skating" or "rolling". Vert or park is part of extreme sports and street skating or freeskate in urban areas.
Motocross is a form of motorcycle sport or all- terrain vehicle racing held on enclosed off road circuits. It evolved from trials, and was called scrambles, and later motocross, combining the French moto with cross- country. BMX, or bicycle motocross, is the equivalent sport for non- motorized dirt bikes.
Offshore powerboat racing is racing by large, specially designed ocean-going powerboats, typically point-to- point racing. Probably one of the largest, most dangerous, and most powerful racing machines of all, the extreme expense of the boats and the fuel required to participate make it an expensive Class1 offshore and elite sport. powerboat Many different types and classes of boats can compete in individual races, on the same course, at the same time.
Bicycle motocross or BMX refers to the sport in which the main goal is extreme racing on bicycles in motocross style on tracks with inline start and expressive obstacles, and it is also the term that refers to the bicycle itself that is designed for dirt and motocross cycling. A BMX race. First round of the 2005 European BMX Championships held in Sainte Maxime, France on 23 April 2005.
A snowmobile, also known in some places as a snowmachine, or sled,  is a land vehicle for winter travel on snow. Designed to be operated on snow and ice, they require no road or trail. Design variations enable some machines to operate in deep snow or forests; most are used on open terrain, including frozen lakes, or driven on paths or trails. Usually designed to accommodate a driver and one passenger, their use is much like a motorcycle and an all- terrain vehicle (ATVs) intended for winter use on snow-covered ground and frozen ponds and waterways.A snowmobile tour at YellowstoneNational Park.
Street luge is an extreme gravity-powered activity that involves riding a streetluge board (sometimes referred to as a sled) down a paved road or course. Street luge is also known as land luge or road luge. Like skateboarding, street luge is often done for sport and for recreation. Other than the supine riding position and very high speeds2001 Gravity Games. Providence, RI (40-97 mph / 64-157 km/h), street luge has little relation to its winter namesake (luge).