Recent Archaeological Findings In The Holy Land
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Recent Archaeological Findings In The Holy Land

on

  • 1,920 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
1,920
Views on SlideShare
1,917
Embed Views
3

Actions

Likes
1
Downloads
27
Comments
1

2 Embeds 3

http://www.slideshare.net 2
http://translate.googleusercontent.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
  • I found good archaeology excavation informative slide presentation. Great presentation, nice information i like this 'Recent Archaeological Findings In The Holy Land' presentation slide.


    our archaeology related blogspot is http://archaeologyexcavations.blogspot.com/
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Recent Archaeological Findings In The Holy Land Recent Archaeological Findings In The Holy Land Presentation Transcript

  • Recent archaeological findings in the Holy Land Laindon Bible Class ‒ 12 th August 2009
  • Our study plan
    • Why study archaeology?
    • What do we mean by recent?
    • Current archaeological practice
    • Archaeological findings relating to:
      • People
      • Places
      • Events
      • Life in Biblical times
    Archaeology
  • Current archaeological practice
    • Academic policy: “the Bible should be assumed false until proven true”
    • The Old Testament thought to have been written in the early 6 th century BC
    • Question whether there was a distinct Jewish state before the 8 th century BC
    • Dating of findings frequently the subject of argument and uncertainty
    Archaeology
  • Archaeological dating Archaeology
  • Findings relating to people
    • The Baruch seal (bulla)
    • The ossuary of Caiaphas
    • Reference to the House of David
    • The home of Goliath
    • The seal of Jezebel
    Archaeology
  • The Baruch seal Archaeology Came to light in 1975, original source unknown
  • The Baruch seal
    • Baruch, Jeremiah’s scribe (Jeremiah 36)
    • The use of clay seals
    • How they have survived
    • The inscription: “belonging to Berechiah son of Neriah the scribe”
    • Has a fingerprint on its edge
    • Part of a collection that also includes a seal of Seraiah son of Neriah
    Archaeology
  • The ossuary of Caiaphas Archaeology Joseph Caiaphas Discovered in Jerusalem 1990
  • The ossuary of Caiaphas
    • Caiaphas (Matthew 26:3, Luke, John & Acts)
    • What is an ossuary?
    • Inscription reads “Joseph son of Caiaphas”
    • Contained bones of two infants, a child, a boy, a woman and a man about 60
    Archaeology
  • House of David inscription Archaeology Discovered at Tel Dan in 1994
  • House of David inscription
    • Thought to refer to the exploits of Jehoash, grandson of Jehu (2 Kings 13:23)
    • Found in Dan at the foot of Mt Hermon (1979)
    • Inscription reads: “killed Ahaz iahu son of Jehoram kin g of the House of David”
    • One of only two references to King David outside the Bible
    Archaeology
  • Goliath of Gath Archaeology Excavation of the Philistine city of Gath & pottery fragment with ‘Goliath like’ names discovered 2009
  • City of Gath Archaeology
  • Goliath of Gath
    • Excavations in Gath (1 Samuel 17:4,23)
    • Large quantities of Philistine style pottery fragments found at Tell es-Safi dating back to 1000BC (2001 onwards)
    • Inscription found 2005 using names “Alwat and Wlt” thought to be early Semitic spellings of Goliath or something very similar
    Archaeology
  • Ancient seal of Jezebel Archaeology Came to light 1964, precise original source unknown
  • Ancient seal of Jezebel
    • Jezebel, wife of King Ahab (1 Kings 16:31)
    • Seal discovered in 1964 by Nahman Avigad and dated to 9 th century BC
    • Work of Dr Korpel confirms it to be almost certainly the seal of Queen Jezebel
    • Queen Jezebel uses Ahab’s seal (1 Kings 21:8) but also appears to have had one of her own, perhaps later
    Archaeology
  • Findings relating to places
    • King David’s Palace
    • The significance of the Kingdom of Edom (13 th to the 8 th century BC)
    • The Philistine city of Ekron
    Archaeology
  • King David’s Palace Archaeology Discovered in East Jerusalem by Dr Eilat Mazar 2005
  • King David’s Palace? Archaeology
  • King David’s Palace
    • King David’s ‘house’ (2 Samuel 5:11 2 Kings 11:2, 1 Chronicles 17:1)
    • The work of Eilat Mazar, uncovering what is thought to be David’s palace from around 1000BC (2005)
    • Faced considerable opposition from archaeologists who deny the authenticity of David & Solomon
    • Outside wall above the fortress (2 Samuel 5:17)
    Archaeology
  • Excavations at Khirbat en-Nahas Archaeology Evidence of the powerful Kingdom of the Edomites uncovered in 2006
  • Kingdom of Edom Archaeology
  • The Kingdom of the Edomites
    • Significant Kingdom (south of Dead Sea) in existence at time of David (2 Samuel 8:14)
    • A fortress, 100 buildings and copper mines discovered in the Biblical land of Edom dating back to 10 th century BC (2006-8)
    • The Edomites mentioned in scripture 99 times but academics had questioned its significance before 7 th century BC
    Archaeology
  • Philistine city of Ekron Archaeology Inscription & excavations at Ekron 1998
  • Philistine city of Ekron
    • David fled to Achish ‘king of Gath’ (1 Samuel 21:10)
    • Discoveries identified the city of Ekron, 22 miles SW of Jerusalem (1982 – 2005)
    • Inscription names Achish and also Padi, who is identified in the royal Assyrian annals as a contemporary of Hezekiah when he was besieged by Sennacherib
    Archaeology
  • Findings relating to events
    • The altar on Mount Ebal
    • Herod’s tomb
    Archaeology
  • Altar on Mount Ebal Archaeology Excavated during the period 1982 – 1984
  • Altar on Mount Ebal
    • Joshua built an altar on Mount Ebal (Joshua 8:30)
    • Remains of an altar discovered during excavations in 1982 – 1987 (dated c1200BC, which is too recent)
    • However, design is remarkably consistent with later altars as specified by God
    • Animal remains sheep, goats & cattle (no pigs, donkeys or dogs)
    Archaeology
  • Herod’s Tomb Archaeology Herod’s tomb discovered in 2007 at Herodium (his winter palace) 3 miles SE of Bethlehem
  • Herod’s Tomb
    • Herod the Great died a few years after the birth of Christ (Matthew 2:19-21)
    • In 2007 his tomb was found on the NE slope of Herodium
    • The sarcophagus was broken into 100s of pieces (no doubt smashed during the Jewish revolt against Romans 66 – 72AD)
    • Josephus describes the grand funeral
    Archaeology
  • Findings relating to life in Biblical times
    • Evidence of early form of Hebrew in the 10 th century BC
    • Reference to the name of Yahweh in the 7 th century BC
    • Remains of a boat in the Sea of Galilee dating from around 120BC – AD40
    Archaeology
  • Hebrew alphabet from 10 th century BC Archaeology
  • The earliest alphabet known
    • Discovered in Tell Zayit SW of Jerusalem embedded in a wall and dated back to 10 th century BC
    • Written in an early form of Hebrew
    • Confirms the level of literacy of the Jewish people
    • Possibly the mother of all modern languages
    Archaeology
  • Silver amulet - 7 th century BC Archaeology Rolled silver amulet discovered in a tomb in Jerusalem 1979 and unrolled 1983
  • The name of Yahweh Archaeology Ancient Hebrew script
  • The name of Yahweh
    • A silver amulet was found on the SW slope of the Valley of Hinnom
    • Found in a tomb in 1979 and dated back to the 7 th century BC
    • Took about 3 years to discover how to unroll and yet to be fully translated
    • Contains a prayer like inscription which includes YHWH the name of God
    Archaeology
  • Galilee boat Archaeology Discovered in the mud at edge of Sea of Galilee during drought of 1986
  • Reconstruction of the boat Archaeology
  • Remains of Galilee boat
    • Discovered in the mud during a severe drought in 1985 – 6
    • Dated to period 120BC – AD40
    • 30 feet long and 8 feet wide (10 x 2.5m)
    • Contained a complete lamp and cooking pot plus other fragments
    • Would have been similar to the boats Jesus and his disciples used
    Archaeology
  • What can we conclude?
    • With the Bible we are dealing in facts, for it is God’s word
    • These discoveries bring things to life for us, from out of the dust
    • They contradict the false theories of modern archaeologists who reject the Biblical record
    • They can help interested friends build their confidence in the truth of the Bible
    Archaeology