A brief overview
of Daniel
Laindon Bible Class – 30th May 2013
Perhaps the most graphic…

Daniel

2
Daniel

3
Daniel

4
Our study
• The background to Daniel‟s writings
• The structure of the Book of Daniel
• An outline of the main dreams/visi...
Daniel timing & contemporaries

Daniel

6
Background
• Daniel (God is my judge) was born
around 620BC in the reign of Josiah
• Was carried away captive to Babylon
a...
Key events in Daniel‟s life
Taken captive
to Babylon

Vision of a certain man
and time of the end

Separates from
King‟s t...
External references to Daniel
• The righteousness of Daniel (Ezekiel
14:14 & 20)
• The wisdom of Daniel (Ezekiel 28:3)
• J...
Structure of Daniel (1)
CHAPTERS

LANGUAGE/PERSON SUBJECT

1

Hebrew 3rd person

Introduction

2-6

Aramaic 3rd person

De...
Structure of Daniel (2)
DREAMS & VISIONS
Chapter(s)

Given to whom?

Subject

2

Nebuchadnezzar

Image of the Kingdom of m...
Nebuchadnezzar‟s 1st dream
• Gold – Babylonians
• Silver – Medes &
Persian
• Brass – Greeks
• Iron – Romans
• Iron & clay ...
Nebuchadnezzar‟s 2nd dream
• The great tree –
Nebuchadnezzar & his
kingdom
• Cut down – removed
from his throne
• Stump – ...
The writing on the wall
• Belshazzar –
blaspheming &
defiling the things
of God
• God‟s judgement
certain Belshazzar‟s
kin...
The four beasts

• Again symbolising the four great empires: Babylon,
Medo-Persia, Greece & Rome down to today
• The Son o...
The ram and the goat

• The dominance of the Medo-Persian Empire (ram)
• Attacked and defeated by the Greeks (goat – great...
The 70 weeks
THE MESSIAH
CUT OFF

JOHN THE
BAPTIST

26

33

• Period of 70 weeks = 490 days = 490 years
• Divided into 7 (...
A certain man & time of the end
• Certain man a manifestation
of the multitudinous Christ
• Reveals the work of the
angels...
Daniel‟s message for us
A keynote verse:
“This matter is by the decree of the
watchers, and the demand by the word
of the ...
How we can use Daniel
• The example of a great man of faith
for us to follow
• A compelling proof that the Bible is
God‟s ...
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A brief overview of daniel

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An overview of Daniel's prophecy

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A brief overview of daniel

  1. 1. A brief overview of Daniel Laindon Bible Class – 30th May 2013
  2. 2. Perhaps the most graphic… Daniel 2
  3. 3. Daniel 3
  4. 4. Daniel 4
  5. 5. Our study • The background to Daniel‟s writings • The structure of the Book of Daniel • An outline of the main dreams/visions /prophecies and their context • How we may use his writings Daniel 5
  6. 6. Daniel timing & contemporaries Daniel 6
  7. 7. Background • Daniel (God is my judge) was born around 620BC in the reign of Josiah • Was carried away captive to Babylon around 606/605BC during the reign of Jehoiakim • He had a prophetic ministry of about 70 years • He lived until the reign of Cyrus (Daniel 10:1), at least into his 90‟s Daniel 7
  8. 8. Key events in Daniel‟s life Taken captive to Babylon Vision of a certain man and time of the end Separates from King‟s table Prayer and vision of 70 weeks Interprets King Nebuchadnezzar's dream Vision of ram and goat Vision of four beasts The fiery furnace Interprets the King‟s second dream In the lions‟ den The writing on the wall Daniel 8
  9. 9. External references to Daniel • The righteousness of Daniel (Ezekiel 14:14 & 20) • The wisdom of Daniel (Ezekiel 28:3) • Jesus refers explicitly to Daniel‟s prophetic words (Matthew 24:15 & Mark 13:14) and also without naming him (eg Luke 21:24 & John 5:28-29) • “…and of the prophets: who through faith…” (Hebrews 11:32-38) Daniel 9
  10. 10. Structure of Daniel (1) CHAPTERS LANGUAGE/PERSON SUBJECT 1 Hebrew 3rd person Introduction 2-6 Aramaic 3rd person Destiny of the nations of the world 7 Aramaic 1st & 3rd person Daniel‟s vision of 4 beasts & Kingdom of God 8-12 Hebrew 1st person Visions concerning the destiny of God‟s people Daniel 10
  11. 11. Structure of Daniel (2) DREAMS & VISIONS Chapter(s) Given to whom? Subject 2 Nebuchadnezzar Image of the Kingdom of men 4 Nebuchadnezzar The tree chopped down 5 Belshazzar The writing on the wall 7 Daniel The four beasts & God‟s Kingdom 8 Daniel The ram & the goat 9 Daniel His prayer & the 70 weeks 10-12 Daniel The future of God‟s people & the time of the end Daniel 11
  12. 12. Nebuchadnezzar‟s 1st dream • Gold – Babylonians • Silver – Medes & Persian • Brass – Greeks • Iron – Romans • Iron & clay – mixed nations in latter days • Stone – coming of Jesus Christ • Filling the earth – God‟s Kingdom Daniel 12
  13. 13. Nebuchadnezzar‟s 2nd dream • The great tree – Nebuchadnezzar & his kingdom • Cut down – removed from his throne • Stump – roots of the tree protected • Nebuchadnezzar to become like a beast of the field for „seven times‟ • Band of iron & brass points forward to the Catholic church Daniel 13
  14. 14. The writing on the wall • Belshazzar – blaspheming & defiling the things of God • God‟s judgement certain Belshazzar‟s kingdom finished • He was weighed in the balance & found wanting • His kingdom to be divided and given to the Medes & Persians Daniel 14
  15. 15. The four beasts • Again symbolising the four great empires: Babylon, Medo-Persia, Greece & Rome down to today • The Son of Man (Jesus) received by God and given everlasting dominion over the earth destroying the beast Daniel 15
  16. 16. The ram and the goat • The dominance of the Medo-Persian Empire (ram) • Attacked and defeated by the Greeks (goat – great horn = Alexander the great) • The emergence of Rome‟s power (the little horn) Daniel 16
  17. 17. The 70 weeks THE MESSIAH CUT OFF JOHN THE BAPTIST 26 33 • Period of 70 weeks = 490 days = 490 years • Divided into 7 (49yrs), 62 (434yrs) and 1 week (7yrs) • Precise dates a little uncertain but clearly pointed to the advent of the Messiah – Jesus Christ and his crucifixion Daniel 17
  18. 18. A certain man & time of the end • Certain man a manifestation of the multitudinous Christ • Reveals the work of the angels bringing about God‟s purpose • God‟s judgements on the enemies of Israel • The history of Jewish revolt and the rise of Rome • The re-emergence of the kings of the North & South • The time of the end and the coming of Christ Daniel 18
  19. 19. Daniel‟s message for us A keynote verse: “This matter is by the decree of the watchers, and the demand by the word of the holy ones: to the intent that the living may know that the most High ruleth in the kingdom of men, and giveth it to whomsoever he will, and setteth up over it the basest of men.” (4:17) Daniel 19
  20. 20. How we can use Daniel • The example of a great man of faith for us to follow • A compelling proof that the Bible is God‟s word • The apocalypse of the Old Testament • A precious source of understanding of God‟s purpose and the events in the last days Daniel 20
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