Studying Medical Terminology 1.   Analyze words by dividing them into      component parts. 2.   Relate the medical terms ...
Origins of Medical Terminology  • Greek and Latin languages  • Ancient Greeks are considered the fathers    of modern medi...
Medical Terminology  • Functional language  • Has rules for grammar, spelling and    pronunciation
Medical Terms  • Two main categories:    1. Constructed terms    2. Nonconstructed terms
Constructed Terms  • Made up of multiple word parts  • Parts are combined to form a new word  • Know word parts  know con...
Nonconstructed Terms  • Not formed by word parts  • Must be memorized
Nonconstructed Terms  • Can be derived from:    1. Names of people Eponyms –           ex: Bartolommeo Eustachio         ...
Nonconstructed Terms  • Can be derived from:    2. Other languages         ex: plate = flat object in Old French
Nonconstructed Terms• Can be derived from:  3. Acronyms = initial letters of words in a     compound term    ex: LASIK = l...
Nonconstructed Terms  • Can be derived from:       4.   Abbreviations       ex: UA = Urinalysis
Word Analysis  • When a constructed term is formed,    individual __________ ___________ are    assembled to create a term...
Word Analysis  • What is the main component or the    foundation of any word?                 word root              ex: c...
Word Analysis  • What is the word part that is affixed to    the beginning of a word?                     Prefix          ...
Word Analysis  • What is the word part that is affixed to    the ending of a word?                      Suffix        ex: ...
Word Analysis  • Some word roots require a vowel to add:    1. a suffix that begins with a consonant               ex: -lo...
Word Analysis  • Some word roots require a vowel to add:    2. another word root when forming a term.       ex: gastr / o ...
Word Analysis  • What is the term for this vowel?               combining vowel             Most commonly “o”             ...
Word Analysis  • What is the term for a word root plus a    combining vowel?                combining form                ...
Singular to Plural • If the term ends in:    1. -a  add an -e      ex: vertebra  vertebrae
Singular to Plural • If the term ends in:   2. -is  change to -es              ex: diagnosis  diagnoses
Singular to Plural  • If the term ends in:    3. -itis  change to -itides                ex: gastritis  gastritides
Singular to Plural • If the term ends in:   4. -on  drop the –on and add –a               ex: ganglion  ganglia
Singular to Plural • If the term ends in:   5. -um  drop the –um and add –a           ex: myocardium  myocardia
Other Rules to Remember  1.   When adding a suffix starting with a       vowel to a combining form, drop the       combini...
Other Rules to Remember  2.   Prefixes do not require combining vowels       to join with other word parts.       Example:...
Other Rules to Remember  3.   Infrequently, a prefix drops its ending       vowel to combine with another word       part....
Other Rules to Remember  4.   Deciphering of a medical term:       a. Breaking the word into its word parts       b. Defin...
Chapter 01
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Chapter 01

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  • Anion, cation, parenteral
  • Chapter 01

    1. 1. Studying Medical Terminology 1. Analyze words by dividing them into component parts. 2. Relate the medical terms to the structure and function of the human body. 3. Be aware of spelling and pronunciation problems.
    2. 2. Origins of Medical Terminology • Greek and Latin languages • Ancient Greeks are considered the fathers of modern medicine • Origins of some medical terms relate to history, poetry, mythology, geography, physical objects and ideas.
    3. 3. Medical Terminology • Functional language • Has rules for grammar, spelling and pronunciation
    4. 4. Medical Terms • Two main categories: 1. Constructed terms 2. Nonconstructed terms
    5. 5. Constructed Terms • Made up of multiple word parts • Parts are combined to form a new word • Know word parts  know constructed term
    6. 6. Nonconstructed Terms • Not formed by word parts • Must be memorized
    7. 7. Nonconstructed Terms • Can be derived from: 1. Names of people Eponyms – ex: Bartolommeo Eustachio  eustachian tube
    8. 8. Nonconstructed Terms • Can be derived from: 2. Other languages ex: plate = flat object in Old French
    9. 9. Nonconstructed Terms• Can be derived from: 3. Acronyms = initial letters of words in a compound term ex: LASIK = laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis in situ = in the natural or original position or place keratomileusis = keratoplasty in which a piece of the cornea is removed, frozen, shaped to correct refractive error, and reinserted
    10. 10. Nonconstructed Terms • Can be derived from: 4. Abbreviations ex: UA = Urinalysis
    11. 11. Word Analysis • When a constructed term is formed, individual __________ ___________ are assembled to create a term with a new meaning. word parts
    12. 12. Word Analysis • What is the main component or the foundation of any word? word root ex: cardi = heart
    13. 13. Word Analysis • What is the word part that is affixed to the beginning of a word? Prefix ex: epi = upon, over, above epi- + gastric  epigastric
    14. 14. Word Analysis • What is the word part that is affixed to the ending of a word? Suffix ex: -ectomy = surgical removal bunion + -ectomy  bunionectomy
    15. 15. Word Analysis • Some word roots require a vowel to add: 1. a suffix that begins with a consonant ex: -logy = study of cardi / o / logy  cardiology
    16. 16. Word Analysis • Some word roots require a vowel to add: 2. another word root when forming a term. ex: gastr / o + enterology  gastroenterology
    17. 17. Word Analysis • What is the term for this vowel? combining vowel Most commonly “o” sometimes “i” or “e”
    18. 18. Word Analysis • What is the term for a word root plus a combining vowel? combining form ex: cardi / o
    19. 19. Singular to Plural • If the term ends in: 1. -a  add an -e ex: vertebra  vertebrae
    20. 20. Singular to Plural • If the term ends in: 2. -is  change to -es ex: diagnosis  diagnoses
    21. 21. Singular to Plural • If the term ends in: 3. -itis  change to -itides ex: gastritis  gastritides
    22. 22. Singular to Plural • If the term ends in: 4. -on  drop the –on and add –a ex: ganglion  ganglia
    23. 23. Singular to Plural • If the term ends in: 5. -um  drop the –um and add –a ex: myocardium  myocardia
    24. 24. Other Rules to Remember 1. When adding a suffix starting with a vowel to a combining form, drop the combining vowel. ex: arthr / o + -itis  arthritis
    25. 25. Other Rules to Remember 2. Prefixes do not require combining vowels to join with other word parts. Example: epi- / gastric  epigastric
    26. 26. Other Rules to Remember 3. Infrequently, a prefix drops its ending vowel to combine with another word part. ex: ____________
    27. 27. Other Rules to Remember 4. Deciphering of a medical term: a. Breaking the word into its word parts b. Defining the suffix c. Defining the prefix d. Defining the word root or combining form ex: epigastric

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