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Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways
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Public Access through technology; Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways

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A presentation given at Strode College for students from the University of Plymouth, Truro College and Strode College , aimed at given them an overview on how technology is used to engage with the …

A presentation given at Strode College for students from the University of Plymouth, Truro College and Strode College , aimed at given them an overview on how technology is used to engage with the public using examples from Wessex Archaeology and other sources

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  • 1. Wessex Archaeology Public Access through technology Using archaeological computing to interact with wider audiences in new and engaging ways Paul Cripps •Geomatics Manager, Wessex Archaeology •PGR student, University of Southampton, Archaeological Computing Research Group http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 2. Wessex Archaeology Overview • A brief history of computing • Building blocks – Standards and frameworks – Technology; hardware and software • Contemporary computing – Access to information – Spatial Technologies – Mobile platforms – Advanced Programming Interfaces (APIs) • Some exemplars • Case Study; Stonehenge Landscape Tour http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 3. Wessex Archaeology Timeline • 1960’s & 1970’s; the mainframe • 1980’s: personal computers as business/research tools – Limited home computing – Commodore Pet, Commodore 64, Amstrad CPC, Intel x86, Commodore Amiga, Atari ST, Apple Mac – The rise of the consoles: Nintendo, Sega – Early archaeological databases • 1990’s: computing becomes mainstream – Email and communications – Publicly accessible internet – Increased use of databases and Geographic Information Systems in archaeology for data management and analysis eg Stonehenge & Avebury WHS GIS • 2000’s: massive steps forward – Computing ubiquitous – Specialist equipment still expensive, getting cheaper – Boundaries blurring; computers as TV, phone, office tool, gaming platform, diary/organiser – The ‘cloud’ – The expectation of being able to use the web for pretty much anything including finding out about heritage http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 4. Wessex Archaeology Moving forward… • Miniaturisation • Integration: the – Smaller devices SmartPhone • Better batteries for – GPS built in mobile devices – Phone built in – c. 8hrs with Windows – Cameras Mobile Device • New devices and – Days with a Nokia interfaces SmartPhone, even with – Touch screens GPS turned on! – (Ruggedised) Tablets • Better comms – Netbooks – Bluetooth • Cost – Wifi – Ever decreasing http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 5. Wessex Archaeology The present day • Desktop and laptop computers everywhere • Range of mobile devices, fully integrated – Higher accuracy GPS – High resolution (video) cameras – High quality audio • Cheap yet powerful – SmartPhones/Netbooks/laptops free with mobile contract • Web2.0! • Broadband internet up to 40Mb/s – 4x faster than 1990’s LANs! • Mobile Internet almost everywhere – Subject to network coverage… – Fast broadband access (up to 7.2 Mb/s) • Range of easy to use free and commercial software for us to use http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 6. Wessex Archaeology So what is being done with it all…? • Location based services – eg FireEagle, Twitter, Dopplr, BrightKite, Google Latitude, etc – Location based searches: • where’s the nearest Chinese takeaway rated 4/5 or better…? • Blogging and micro-blogging – eg Wordpress, Tumblr, Twitter • Image/photo/video services – eg Flickr, YouTube, Zoomr, TwitPic, etc • Social Networking: – eg Facebook, LinkedIn, etc • Mashups – User generated interfaces + open data sources – Advanced Programming Interfaces (APIs) to provide access to systems • Tours and trails – eg mscape – E-trails and mobile tours on mobile platforms – Location based links to online resources via GPS location, Bluetooth, VR tags, Wireless Hotspots, etc • Inventory management using RFID (Radio Frequency ID) chips http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 7. Wessex Archaeology and cultural heritage…? • Online access to resources eg SMR/HERs and the NMR • RSS, blogs, podcasts and newsfeeds – Twitter: Wessex Archaeology, National Trust • Tours and E-Trails – eg RCAHMW Blaenavon E-Trail (mScape) – eg NT Coastal Walks (pdfs to download or print) • User generated Google Maps – eg Stonehenge Landscape Tour • QR tags – eg the PowerHouse Museum, Sydney • Community – Social Networking and interaction – Jobs resources eg BAJR • Planning and development control – Online planning portals • Demand – for more location-based content – for access to underlying data sources http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 8. Wessex Archaeology But all this is dependent on… • Standards and frameworks – Underpin any development – Enable interoperability – Joined up information systems – Both technological and heritage • Community led: these are our standards – ALGAO, FISH, EH, Collections Trust, ADS, CIDOC • Midas & Core Data Standard – Specifies units of information – Monument-Event-Source model • Inscription and EH thesauri – Provides the terms to use within Midas data structures • CIDOC Conceptual Reference Model – Ontology for describing data and mediating searches (amongst other uses) – Cross language, concept based searches vs simple keyword searches • Advanced Programming Interfaces (APIs) http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 9. Wessex Archaeology Exemplars • Provide public access to cultural heritage information in a variety of ways • Range of information – Textual descriptions and narratives – Images – User generated content – Maps – Visitor information eg opening times • Sources and acknowledgements: – English Heritage, Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland, Norfolk County Council, Diego Meozzi, Paola Arosio, Steve White, Wessex Archaeology, Oxford Archaeology http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 10. Wessex Archaeology National organisations http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 11. Wessex Archaeology Pastscape • Online access to the National Monument Record archaeological database – 400,000 records! – Text records plus images (where available) – Also visitor information (where applicable) • Searches facilitated by standards driven database (AMIE) – By keyword – By location http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 12. Wessex Archaeology Canmore • Search over 275,000 buildings, archaeological and maritime sites across Scotland • Discover what photographs, drawings, manuscripts and books held in RCAHMS collections • View over 100,000 digital images • Map based interface; CanMap http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 13. Wessex Archaeology Treasured Places • User generated content – Places that matter to people – Member of the public have valuable information to contribute – Links to Flickr to allow users to upload photographs • Links to Canmore for official records http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 14. Wessex Archaeology Heritage Gateway • Aggregated search – Search ALL gateway enabled resources simultaneously • By keywords • By location – Pastscape, Images of England, numerous HERs • Live search – Uses web services model to talk to remote resources directly eg Norfolk HER • Extensible – Possible to add more resources • Has an API – Currently closed  http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 15. Wessex Archaeology Archaeology Data Service • Provides advice and guidance – Invaluable! • Provides a repository for digital data – Ongoing curation of digital datasets • Provides access to digital resources – Online via interactive websites – Downloadable datasets • Issues: – Expensive; needs to pay its way… – Data archive model limited vs distributed live systems http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 16. Wessex Archaeology Local Authorities http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 17. Wessex Archaeology Norfolk Heritage Explorer • Exemplary online access to Norfolk HER • Keyword/Location based searches facilitated by standards driven database (HBSMR) – Midas compliant, EH thesauri built in • Variety of content – HER records themselves – Thematic narratives; place the records in context(s) – Images – Maps http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 18. Wessex Archaeology Archaeological Contractors http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 19. Wessex Archaeology Wessex Archaeology • Archaeological unit – Excavation, geophysics, survey, consultancy, finds, environmental, DBA, SMR/HER enhancement/audit, community projects, etc… • Educational Charity – Outreach • Use technology to help accomplish this – Blogs, including user generated comments – Podcasts – Flickr photostream – Twitter; news, chat, interaction – Reports including Time Team – Online (educational) games for primary school children – GoogleMap (coming soon!) – Access to our archives…? • www.wessexarch.co.uk http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 20. Wessex Archaeology Framework Archaeology • Joint venture between Oxford Archaeology and Wessex Archaeology • Created to handle major infrastructure projects eg Heathrow Terminal 5 • Developed the Framework FreeViewer – Free GIS application – Includes FA datasets – Additional WA/FA datasets available for download • Allows anyone to analyse and investigate project databases – Using databases and spreadsheets – Spatially using the FreeViewer • Data also published using GeoCommons http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 21. Wessex Archaeology The public http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 22. Wessex Archaeology Online Archaeology • Created by Steve White • Aggregates publicly accessible content • Facilitates creation of user generated content • Map interface, blogs, news, photos, etc • Social Networking http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 23. Wessex Archaeology Stone Pages • User generated content – Wealth of information built up over 19 years – Active community • European coverage of prehistoric sites – Search tools, maps, news • Community – forums http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 24. Wessex Archaeology What next…? • Facilitate mashups using national/local resources – The Advanced Programming Interface (API) – Anyone can build a tool/service/gadget/map/etc – Eg Online Archaeology Map • Increased access through technology • More user generated content – Potential for linking user generated and authoritative content – Feedback: improved resources through greater use http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 25. Wessex Archaeology Case Study http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 26. Wessex Archaeology The Stonehenge Landscape Tour • Built using ArcGIS & • Shows selected sites around the World Google Earth, Geographic Heritage Site Information Systems (GIS) • Includes links to associated resources • Can be edited using – Wikipedia GoogleMaps, web-based – Wiltshire SMR online free GIS – Flickr (coming soon) • Distributed using Keyhole Markup Language (KML) – Accessible to mobile devices (PDAs and SmartPhones) via GoogleMaps Mobile using Mobile Internet – Accessible to larger devices (Tablets and NetBooks) via GoogleEarth (using Mobile Internet) and GIS (offline) http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 27. Wessex Archaeology On the phone… • Works on Symbian, Windows Mobile, Android, iPhone, etc • GPS location ideal but can use cell tower triangulation http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 28. Wessex Archaeology Finding out more… • Links to more info – Wikipedia – SMR online • Aerial photography – Built in to GoogleMaps http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 29. Wessex Archaeology Getting there… • Browse list of stops • View map of stops • Directions to stops – Walking, driving, even public transport (where available) http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 30. Wessex Archaeology For larger devices… • Mobile Internet enabled netbooks, laptops and tablets can run Google Earth • Support external/internal GPS http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 31. Wessex Archaeology And in Google Earth… http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 32. Wessex Archaeology Work in progress • Currently ‘proof of concept’ • More content to be added – Both from recognised repositories and user generated – More full descriptions – Images and video – More links to external resources • More stops to add • It is publicly accessible in current form – Has been tested by us and other users – Feedback – www.tinyurl.com/shenge http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 33. Wessex Archaeology Conclusions • The web is everywhere • Hardware now cheap and easy to • Standards and frameworks are use essential – Smartphones by the millions (Symbian, Windows Mobile, • Now pretty straightforward to Android, iPhone) provide mobile tours, e-trails and • Most include camera + GPS + access to information high speed internet – Online • Free on £20 contracts, including – Offline 1Gb data allowance – In the home/office – Laptops/Desktops now < £200 – Out and about – Home broadband internet from £10 per month • Expectations have been raised – Public access internet terminals in – Greater computing skills amongst libraries and council offices the general population, archaeologists included • Growing online infrastructure of – Familiarity with web-based tools cultural heritage info to make use including GIS and APIs of – eg Heritage Gateway, ADS, online SMRs http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology
  • 34. Wessex Archaeology fin http://www.wessexarch.co.uk/ Public Access through technology

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