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  • 1. The Public and the Private Realm The Human Condition – Hannah Arendt Paulina Mendez
  • 2. 1. Hannah Arendt  Her Life and her work  Her principal books 2. The Human Condition  What was the context in which it was written 3. The public and the private realm:  Man: a social or a political animal  The Polis and the household  The rise of the social  The public realm: The common  The Private Realm: Property  The location of Human Activities 4. Conclusion The Outline
  • 3. • Linden (Hanover) October 14, 1906 – New York, December 4, 1975. • Studies: Philosophy in the University of Marburg (1926) University of Heidelberg (1928) • During the World War, she was compelled to leave to France – 1933 • She spent five weeks in internal Gurs concentration camp in France – 1940. • In 1941, Arendt escaped to the United States and became an editor at the German Jewish magazine Aufbau. Hannah Arendt: Her Life and work She described herself instead as a political theorist because her work centers on the fact that "men, not Man, live on the earth and inhabit the world".
  • 4. Her principal books • Using the example of the protagonist, born in 1771, shows the failure of the attempted assimilation of Jews rich and cultured in the nineteenth century due to increased social antisemitism. Rahel Varnhagen. Lebensgeschichte einer deutschen Jüdin aus der Romantik. (1931 – 1933) • It is he major work in which she traced the roots of Stalinist Communism and Nazism in both anti-Semitism and imperialism. The origins of totalitarism (1951) • Her most influential work, that distinguishes between the concepts of political and social, labour and work and various forms of action exploring implications of those distinctions. Her theory of political action, corresponding to the existence of a public realm, is extensively developed in this work The Human condition (1958)
  • 5. The Human Condition – What was the context in which it was written? The first artificial satellite (1957- 1958) The Cold War (1945- 1991) The automation of man and technology development The fertilization in vitro
  • 6. The public and the private realm Man a social or a political animal Three types of Human conditions: Animal laborans Homo faber Man of Action The work -Needs of our body - Survival Introduces new objects durable in the time which can be shared -Creator of history -Action and speech -Share ideas, dialogue and thoughts
  • 7. Man a social or a political animal “All human activities are conditionated by the fact that men life together” Action Society Zóon politikum
  • 8. Man a social or a political animal City States Human being Public life oikon Private life idion Action (praxis) and speech (lexis) Everything merely necessary or useful is strictly excluded in this sphere
  • 9. Private Realm Public Realm Social Realm The Polis and the Household
  • 10. The Polis and the Household Public Realm Private Realm Social Realm
  • 11. Society “The collective of families economically organized into the facsimile of one super-human family” Nation “ it’s political form of organization” The Polis and the Household
  • 12. The Realm of the Polis The Sphere of Freedom The Polis and the Household “The mastering of the necessities of life in the household was the condition for the freedom of the Polis”
  • 13. Middle Ages Societies “Freedom is located in the realm of the social and force or violence becomes the monopoly of the governance” The Greek Philosophers • Political realm • Force and violence The Polis and the Household
  • 14. The Polis and the Household Private Realm “Household ” Public Realm “Polis”
  • 15. • Social & Political realms are less distinct • Politics a function of the society • Action, Speech and thought superstructures upon social interest • Housekeeping Collective The Polis and the Household In the Modern World
  • 16. The rise of the social The emergence of the society has not only blurred the old borderline between private and political it also has changed the meaning of the two terms. Why?
  • 17. The rise of the social SOCIAL SPHERE - Housekeeping administration - INTIMAT E Feelings Emotions PRIVATESPHERE The intimacy of the heart has no objective tangible place in the world and can not be localized in the public sphere. There was a rebellious reaction against society: the leveling demands of the social Poetry, music and painting
  • 18. The rise of the social Equals or non- equals Recognizes Demands  One opinion and one interest  Certain kind of behavior  Impose innumerable rules  Exclude spontaneous action or outstanding achievement
  • 19. The rise of the social ECONOMICS appears as a technical tool to measure the behavior of the mass of society: -Long periods of time - Uniform behavior of the objects to be observed. BEHAVIOR replaced the ACTION Larger population Restricted number of members Public sphere SocietyPolis
  • 20. The rise of the social The significant events are in rare deed not in the everyday relationships also the historical period shows itself only in the few events that illuminate it. Is the uniformity of society too bad? The intimate liberties were invaded by the social when implanted behavioral parameters. In the post modern state I will decide if I am man or woman but I won’t decide if I want to smoke, to have children, to be fat or thin.
  • 21. The public realm: The common Everything that appears in public can be seen and heard. Private Irrelevant Public Relevant
  • 22. The public realm: The common Plurality of individuals inherently unequal, which are 'constructed' as equals politically. They are acting in concert with each other and the freedom can emerge
  • 23. The public realm: The common The human artifact gathers all together and yet prevent our falling over each other
  • 24. The public realm: The common Actually this common world can not have the capacity to gather together.
  • 25. Private life : “ To be deprived of things essential to a truly human life” • Deprived from: – Being heard and seen – An “objective” relationship – The possibility to achieve sth more permanent than life itself The Private Realm: Property
  • 26. The Private Realm: Property • In Modern terms – Deprivation of an “objective” relationship Loneliness Public Realm Private Realm Coexistence
  • 27. The Private Realm: Property • The rise of Christianity – “everybody should mind his own business” – The political responsibility is undertaken exclusively for the sake of the well-being and salvation Government Christian A necessary evil due to man’s sinfulness Socialists Hope to abolish it eventually
  • 28. The Private Realm: Property • Property and wealth are more into the Public realm than into the Private realm • Poverty and propertylessness Private Realm Public Realm
  • 29. The Private Realm: Property “Poverty forces the free man to act like a slave”
  • 30. The social and the Private The private property transcends generations Destinated to be use and consume
  • 31. The social and the Private Two dangerous situation if the private sphere disappear:  Prevent the apathy  Motivate the inittiative The life is threatened where necessity is altogether eliminated It is necessary to have a private place to keep the authenticity of the life.
  • 32. The Location of Human Activities Tendency to hide from being heard or seen Does Goodness exist in this world? Goodness and the public realm Love of goodness Vs. Love of wisdom
  • 33. The Location of Human Activities “either the Public Realm corrupted the Religious body and thereby became itself corrupted, or the Religious body remained uncorrupt and destroyed the Public Realm altogether”
  • 34.  The society has conquered the public and the private realm and now, we are in the condition to realize the consequences for human existence when both public and private spheres of life are gone, the public because it has become a function of the private and the private because it has become the only common that we have. Conclusion
  • 35.  What is the influence of the development of all media (TV, Internet, Radio, Social net) on action and speech?  Have these technological findings extinguished the last retreat of the private sphere, the intimacy?  How does the revolution in media affect the human condition, especially the human action and its components?  How would Hannah Arendt's describe the deep financial crisis the world is suffering nowadays? Questions
  • 36. Thanks for your