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The Web and College Student Learning in Informal Contexts (Review of Literature)

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Brown, P. G. (2013, January). A review of literature on web 2.0 and college student learning in informal contexts. Presentation at the Dalton Institute on College Student Values, Tallahassee, FL.

Brown, P. G. (2013, January). A review of literature on web 2.0 and college student learning in informal contexts. Presentation at the Dalton Institute on College Student Values, Tallahassee, FL.

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  • 1. The Web &collegestudentlearning ininformalcontexts 2013.01.31
  • 2. #web2lit #dalton13@paulgordonbrown
  • 3. In this presentation... I am interested in thelearning and development of undergraduate college students in informal contexts most often encountered by student affairs professionals.
  • 4. In other words... What literature is out there to inform student affairsprofessionals on how to use the Web/social media to engage college students?
  • 5. So what do I mean byIn/formallearning ?
  • 6. Formal learning is whatoccurs in the classroom andis answerable to a set ofregulations and traditionaleducational paradigms. Ittypically involves an agent(often a teacher) that directswhat will be learned and howit will be learned.Greenhow, C., & Robelia, B. (2009, June). Informal learning and identity formation in online social networks. Learning Media and Technology, 34(2), 119-140. doi:  10.1080/17439880902923580
  • 7. Informal learning is taken on voluntarily, driven by the learner, and often in a multi- dimensional social-mediated way that motivates one towards further learning.Greenhow, C., & Robelia, B. (2009, June). Informal learning and identity formation in online social networks. Learning Media and Technology, 34(2), 119-140. doi:  10.1080/17439880902923580Bull, G., Thompson, A., Searson, M., Garofalo, J., Park, J., Young, C., & Lee, J. (2008). Connecting informal and formal learning: Experiences in the age of participatory media. Contemporary Issues in Technology and Teacher Education, 8(2), 100-107.National Science Foundation. (2006). Informal science education program solicitation (NSF 06-520). Retrieved from www.nsf.gov/pubs/2006/nsf06520/nsf06520.htm
  • 8. We are going to focus onInformallearning
  • 9. CAVEAT It is hard to separate informal from formal learning in Web environments, theseconcepts can blur and are grey. (get it ;)
  • 10. ADDITIONALLY I am more concerned with informal learning as itoccurs in traditional student affairs work as opposed tostudents crafting their own education on the Web.
  • 11. How this session isOrganized...
  • 12. WEB 2.0 TRENDS, COLLEGETECHNOLOGY STUDENT & IDEOLOGY LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT IN WEB 2.0 DEVELOPMENTAL AND RELATED THEORIES
  • 13. WEB 2.0 TRENDS,TECHNOLOGY & IDEOLOGY
  • 14. This ishow it allstarted...
  • 15. then the static pages ofWeb 1.0
  • 16. followed by the sharing and tagging of Web 2.0 Tim O’Reilly
  • 17. So what’s the difference? Web 2.0 VSSocial Media
  • 18. the terms are somewhat vague but in general...
  • 19. Web 2.0 Social Media is more of the generally includes the platform, the specific applications underlying that enable the technology that sharing of contentenables social media
  • 20. They are alsoinherently tied totrends inmobile
  • 21. Time for a video to help illustrate... THE MACHINE IS US/ING US - Michael Wesch
  • 22. Time for a video to help illustrate... THE MACHINE IS US/ING US - Michael Wesch
  • 23. folksonomywe are creating a database-backed web
  • 24. folk sonomysocial taxonomy
  • 25. we are literallyTEACHING the machine
  • 26. people are already trying to predict Web 3.0 which could be The Semantic Webwhere the machine “understands” and can do stuff for and on behalf of the user
  • 27. almost like a global brain
  • 28. or Web 3.0 could be consideredAugmented Realitywhich blends the physical and virtual just like in this video...
  • 29. WEB 2.0 TRENDS &TECHNOLOGY
  • 30. WEB 2.0 TRENDS & COLLEGETECHNOLOGY STUDENT LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT IN WEB 2.0 DEVELOPMENTAL AND RELATED THEORIES
  • 31. COLLEGE STUDENT LEARNING &DEVELOPMENT IN WEB 2.0
  • 32. current literature on college student learning andweb 2.0 focuses mainly on...
  • 33. current literature on college student learning and web 2.0 focuses mainly on 1. Statistics on college student use of technology
  • 34. current literature on college student learning and web 2.0 focuses mainly on 2. Problematic behavior associated with online participation
  • 35. current literature on college student learning and web 2.0 focuses mainly on 3. Use of specific applications and web technologies in traditional environments (i.e. classrooms, or student affairs departments)
  • 36. R E R ATU LI TE T H EN
  • 37. The literature... on college student learning and Web 2.0... is largely composed of thought piecesif it contains research, often focuses on formal learning environments has few qualitative studies is fragmented across disciplines, internationalborders, and K-12 and higher education
  • 38. key works on web 2.0 & student affairs/higher ed
  • 39. key works on web 2.0 & student affairs/higher ed
  • 40. COLLEGE STUDENT LEARNING &DEVELOPMENT IN WEB 2.0
  • 41. WEB 2.0 TRENDS & COLLEGETECHNOLOGY STUDENT LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT IN WEB 2.0 DEVELOPMENTAL AND RELATED THEORIES
  • 42. DEVELOPMENTAL AND RELATED THEORIES
  • 43. What existingtheories may beuseful to us inunderstanding allof this?
  • 44. Constructivist Theories including social construction Dr. Robert Kegan Dr. Marcia Baxter-Magolda
  • 45. connectivismSiemens & Downe’s
  • 46. Critical Theory & Literacy
  • 47. DEVELOPMENTAL AND RELATED THEORIES
  • 48. WEB 2.0 TRENDS & COLLEGETECHNOLOGY STUDENT LEARNING & DEVELOPMENT IN WEB 2.0 DEVELOPMENTAL AND RELATED THEORIES
  • 49. health of the literature overall
  • 50. constantly evolving...even 4 years ago is out-of-date has a robust engaged takes new community forms, including much is digital,blogs, videos and can and audio disappear or be repeated without attribution
  • 51. futureDirections
  • 52. digitally archived at