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Suffixes S Es Ed Ly
Suffixes S Es Ed Ly
Suffixes S Es Ed Ly
Suffixes S Es Ed Ly
Suffixes S Es Ed Ly
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Suffixes S Es Ed Ly


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rules for adding the suffixes s, es, ed, and ly

rules for adding the suffixes s, es, ed, and ly

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  • 1. Suffixes Adding s and es, ed, ly
  • 2. PLURALS » adding s and es
    • adding s is the most common choice: chairs, floors, shoes, elephants
    • add es if the base word ends in s, sh, ch , x, or z : glasses, arches, sashes, foxes
    • When a noun ends in y after a consonant , change the y to i and add es
  • 3. Adding ed in reading and spelling
    • The suffix ed means past tense. It is always spelled ed, but can be pronounced as either a t or d.
    • For spelling, listen to hear if a word is past tense (so is spelled ed ) or if it just ends in a d or t sound.
    • For reading, use the /t/ sound when the letter just before ed is unvoiced (dressed, asked, washed, stuffed). Use the /d/ sound when the sound just before it is voiced and neither t or d. (called, turned, crawled, snowed)
  • 4. Voiced vs Voiceless
    • What is Voiced?
    • A simple explanation of voiced consonants is that they use the voice. This is easy to test by putting your finger on your throat. If you feel a vibration the consonant is voiced. Here is a list of some voiced consonants. Pronounce each consonant sound and feel the vibration of your vocal chords. b, d, th (as in then), v, l, r, z, j (as in Jane)
    • What is Voiceless?
    • Voiceless consonants do not use the voice. They are percussive and use hard sounds. Once again, you can test if a consonant is voiceless by putting your finger on your throat. You will feel no vibration in your throat, just a short explosion of air as you pronounce. Pronounce each of these consonant sounds and feel NO vibration in your throat. p, t, k, s, sh, ch, th (as in thing)
  • 5. Adding ly
    • The suffix ly means how or in a certain way. It changes an adjective (describing word) into an adverb (how word).
    • Add ly to a base word unless:
    • -the base is a silent e word, you keep the silent e and add ly
    • - the word ends in l, double it and add ly
    • -the word ends in c-le, change the e to y
    • - the word ends in a consonant followed by y, change the y to i and add ly