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PLANETARY REGULATION OF GREENHOUSEGASES BY CHANGING MUNICIPAL WASTEMANAGEMENT PRACTICE: A COMMONSENSEAPPROACH.PRESENTATION AT AMERICAN CHEMICALSOCIETY (GREEN CHEMISTRY) WASHINGTONDC. JUNE 17, 2012PAUL A. COMET PH.DCOMET ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTING
Simplistic Explanation of“alien planetoid” slide 1 Aliens recognize planetoids climate is changing & that fossil fuels (Carbon positive) are half gone. 2 Aliens substitute dried leaf litter ( biomass) etc. as a Carbon neutral fuel (no further emissions of CO2 as the leaf litter all decomposes back to CO2 within a year). Sea starts to absorb “excess” CO2. 3 Aliens substitute hydrogen from electrolysis of brine using solar or wind power instead of combustion of biomass. 4 Annual biomass is charred to remove more CO2 from air as charcoal.(Carbon negative).
A sustainability model, for the regulation of greenhouse gases by municipal planning, isproposed:1)An incremental tax on carbon positive fuels (c=c (highest),> c-c bond > c-h bond (lowest) .2) The replacement or neutralization of carbon positive (fossil) fuels by carbon neutralones (essentially the waste stream, hydrogen & other means of energy storage).3) The reuse and/or sequestration of waste energy and unused solar energy to the limitsimposed by thermodynamics.4)Waste can be "valorized" by the recycling of metals, plastics, and construction debris.Food waste & sewage could be used for energy & fertilizer. Further valorization mayoccur if biomass can be used as a CO2 sequestrant (biochar or converted by gasificationto syngas, then into plastics).
The sustainable management framework is based on several models including:a) The concept of a symbiotic protist cell containing chloroplastsb) A “medieval model”; a “heterotrophic” urban area is sustained bysurrounding "autotrophic" rural areas - using waste photosynthate (straw,stover, dung, etc) as major energy and recycling material resource.c) A lunar base; where no gas can leave or enter, and the whole base functionsas a photosynthetic recycling machine.If each industry, household, individual and municipality could make use of theirown & each others waste and waste energy streams, then sustainability, selfsufficiency, and avoidance of climate change could be accomplished one city ata time. Essentially city & state (municipality)become an entropy reversal (orsustainability) machine by the simple bookkeeping of elements such as C,N & P(and H2O) & linking the movement of these elements to the economic system.However this will not be easy & would involve changes to the "value" system. Ifsuccessful, waste valorization could be linked to social valorization & "wastedpeople" given meaningful work.
Alternate Energy Solutions To Global Warming Solar – photovoltaic or steam based turbine generators or high temp. disassociation of H2O Wind – generators Geothermal - steam generators Waste – syngas via steam reforming or “anaerobic” combustion – Gas Turbine or Fischer Tropsch to gasoline, H2 etc. Various problems associated with each approach however each approach is “carbon neutral”
Some definitions ofvalorization In German language, the general meaning of "Verwertung" is the use or application of something (an object, process or activity) so that it makes money, or generates value, with the connotation that the thing validates itself and proves its worth when it results in earnings, a yield. Thus, something is "valorized" if it has yielded its value. Similarly, Marxs specific concept refers both to the process whereby a capital value is conferred or bestowed on something, and to the increase in the value of a capital asset. (Wilkipedia) a stabilizing or fixing of prices, usually by government action a conferring of value upon something
Valorization of Bone &sewage sludge Perhaps the best example of potential valorization is provided by bones from the food waste stream & phosphatic sludge from wastewater plants. Phosphate is presently mined in enormous quantities from the rapidly depleting phosphate rock reserves of (mainly) North Africa) for fertilizer. Until all the rock has been mined out, a bone – collecting, phosphate reclamation industry cannot compete in price with companies exploiting the fossil phosphate rock due to “economies of scale” & amounts of labor involved. Implications are that recycling companies cannot compete well with companies exploiting concentrated natural resources. (Unless the resource is very valuable such as the rare metals used in electronics). Essentially “Laissez Faire” compels us to “trash the planet”. Hence municipal subsidies based on the “waste tipping fee” might be deployed in element & resource recycling & would “valorize” these materials. The flow of money out of a community to pay for imported raw materials would be staunched. Eventually it might be possible to privatize municipal recycling industries ; especially if the raw materials are linked to local manufacturing.
By monetizing the flow of energy & resources from the waste stream , sunlight &other forms of alternate energy (by the printing of scrip linked to the creationjoules of fixed energy) & similar to food stamps in mode of distribution, it maybe possible to create a viable new currency that supports an alternative economysimilar to that of the detritovores & decomposers of the forest floor. Theregenerated energy & material resources might also help to support our existing“canopy” economy.Though outside the field of chemistry, the flow of money controls the destiny ofentire nation states, & maybe the fate of the warming planet. The present wideranging fiscal problems may relate to the printing of currency as monetized debt.This involves the manipulation of an increasing negative. As an economy growsthe debt load increases. At a certain point , when the debt grows too large,instability might occur. Linking the printing of currency to an energy &commodity base, similar to the blood or sap of an organism, might avoid currency& debt collapse.
Perhaps the “ultimate valorization” can be conveyed by a simple “thought experiment”.Imagine a pile of manure & trash under a large transparent glass dome positioned on themoons dust - covered surface. Inside the dome are a couple of astronauts armed withsimple tools & packets of seeds & spores etc. Given time the manure could be transformedby decomposers & plants into breathable oxygen, clean water, food & energy resources.The trash could supply them with rare metals, plastics & a myriad of useful items. Withtime the waste would almost disappear & a benign environment, with a self- sufficientcolony could develop.How much easier it would be to do this on earth!THANK YOU FOR YOUR INTEREST !