Hate Crime in Prison
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Hate Crime in Prison

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1. Hate Crime In Prison ...

1. Hate Crime In Prison
The role of prison life in the growth of hate crime and hate groups
2. Prison Community Connection
Prisoners are no longer isolated from the community.
Prisons and communities impact each other
95% of prisoners will return to the community
The State controls the perimeter but not behavior
3. History of Prison Gangs
4. Gangs to Hate
5. Group Affiliations
6. Prison Hate Motivated Behavior
7. Hate Based Gangs
8. Hate Group Victims
9. Racial identity
10. Epidemiology of Hate
11. Public Health Model
12. Prison Power Model
13. Hate Groups Impact on the Community
Develop into criminal enterprises
14. Optimum Balance

http://www.inmatecountyjail.com

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Hate Crime in Prison Hate Crime in Prison Presentation Transcript

  • Hate Crime In Prison The role of prison life in the growth of hate crime and hate groups
  • Prison Community Connection ♦ Prisoners are no longer isolated from the community. ♦ Prisons and communities impact each other ♦ 95% of prisoners will return to the community ♦ The State controls the perimeter but not behavior
  • History of Prison Gangs ♦ Naples Prison – Mafia ♦ Russian Prison Gangs – Russian Mafia ♦ American Prison Gangs – Mexican Mafia – Gangster Disciples Arian Brotherhood – Others
  • Gangs to Hate ♦ Hate motivated Behavior – Hate crimes – Hate Incidents (1st Amendment) – Often violent – Behavior that jeopardizes a person because of their group affiliation
  • Group Affiliations ♦ Race ♦ Religion ♦ Creed ♦ National Origin ♦ Sex ♦ Sexual orientation ♦ Disability
  • Prison Hate Motivated Behavior ♦ Identifies other groups as hostile enemies ♦ Organizes inmates in functional racial groups ♦ Establishes a code of conduct that requires hate group support in the community. ♦ Uses the crimes of murder, assault and rape are primary instruments of intimidation and enforcement.
  • Hate Based Gangs ♦ Aryan Brotherhood ♦ Nazi Low Riders ♦ Nuestra Familia ♦ Black Guerilla Family
  • Hate Group Victims ♦ Racial identity ♦ Gays, Lesbians, trans sexual. ♦ Ethnic Groups based on location ♦ Disabled
  • Epidemiology of Hate ♦ Hate as an infectious disease ♦ Inmates are infected with Hate as they enter the prison ♦ Their infection grows and matures throughout their term of incarceration ♦ The disease matures and mutates as the number of infected subjects grows
  • Public Health Model ♦ Research ♦ Documentation ♦ Development theoretical models ♦ Systematic implementation of interventions ♦ Feedback and Evaluation
  • Prison Power Model
  • Phase I - State Dominate ♦ New Institution ♦ Lock Down Status ♦ Maximum Security ♦ 23/1 or 24 Hr ♦ Inmates Idle ♦ Staff does all the work
  • Phase II - State over Inmates ♦ State Dominate ♦ Inmates are allowed to move ♦ Work Assignments ♦ Program participation ♦ Inmates do the work ♦ Staff supervises inmates
  • Phase III - Inmates over State ♦ Inmates Dominate ♦ Inmate numbers ♦ Compromise Staff ♦ Contraband ♦ Territory ♦ Sex ♦ Violence ♦ Organize
  • Hate Groups Impact on the Community ♦ Develop into criminal enterprises ♦ Terrorize neighborhoods and communities ♦ Create wealth ♦ Develop Political Power ♦ Threaten the social and political order
  • Optimum Balance ♦ Staff retains control ♦ Inmates contribute to the institution ♦ Free to conduct positive activities ♦ Cost effective ♦ Safe and secure
  • Phase IV – Inmate Dominate ♦ Inmates take control ♦ Violent incidents ♦ Assaults on rivals ♦ Take hostages ♦ Kill the snitches ♦ Secure the crazies ♦ Develop demands ♦ Negotiate w / authorities ♦ State Assault restores State power
  • Hate Groups Influence ♦ Fill the power vacuum ♦ Connections to the outside increase their power base ♦ Do things the State can not or will not do ♦ Use terrorism tactics to intimidate the prison and the community
  • The End ♦ References ♦ Office of Justice Programs, 2001, BJS Special Report, Hate Crimes Reported in NIBRIS, 1977-99, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C. ♦ Harlow, C.W., 2005, BJS Special Report, Hate Crimes Reported by Victims and Police, Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C. ♦ Hamm, M.S., 2008, Prisoner Radicalization Assessing the Threat in U.S. Correctional Institutions, NIJ Journal No 261, National Institute of Justice, U.S. Dept. of Justice, Washington D.C ♦ Office of Justice Programs, 2001, BJS Special Report, Hate Crimes Reported in NIBRIS, 1977-99, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington D.C. ♦ Rosenthal, M., 2004, Recommendations for Reform The California Youth and Adult Correctional Agency: Racism, Violence, Bigotry, and Gang / Intergroup Conflict, California Performance Review Board, CA ♦ Lofgreen. V. 1994 "A Model of the Dynamic Power Relationship Between Staff and Inmates in a Secure Correctional Facility", in: Peak, Kenneth J., Justice Administration: Managing Police, Courts, and Corrections Organizations, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, N.J. ♦ Victor Lofgreen Ph D Walden University Presented to: Community College Criminal Justice Educators of Texas Howard College Big Spring, TX May 20 2009