Basic 10 Minute Asbestos Introduction Nov 08


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Basic 10 minute Asbestos introduction with Turkish regulations

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Basic 10 Minute Asbestos Introduction Nov 08

  1. 1. UK’s Leading Experts in Asbestos Management & Regulatory Controls Designed By Mr. Kevin Graham – Director of KAD Environmental Consultancy Ltd
  2. 2. •Asbestos fibres are produced by nature in many global locations, it is formed in similar ways to some of our current precision gems •Asbestos has been used to productively assist in human development for the last 5,000 years and was even used wrap Egyptian pharaohs •Asbestos fibres have amazing and unique properties which can not be surpassed by modern day products •Asbestos is one of the only materials known to be non-flammable and can resist temperatures of up to 1000 degrees Celsius •Most forms of asbestos fibre are completely chemically inert and are un-affected by corrosive chemicals •The tensile strength of asbestos fibres surpasses that of steel, combining tiny fibres with such strength enables simple products to be reinforced to an impressive capacity. •Asbestos fibres can be woven into textile products which can be used for electrical insulation, as well as thermal insulation, acoustic insulation and protection against condensation or moisture •Asbestos can be subdivided into fine fibres that are strong enough and versatile enough to significantly improved products once asbestos has been added •Because of its amazing abilities at least 5,000 different products and materials have been manufactured using some quantity of asbestos fibre. •Approx. 3,000 of these products where designed for the construction industry and used as building fabric material for the last 150 years •Asbestos materials dominated many industries and sectors as materials were suddenly much more robust and versatile •A high percentage of non-domestic premises throughout the UK & Europe have been identified as containing asbestos, its very common
  3. 3. • The problem we have is that the materials containing asbestos deteriorate or become damaged over time, resulting in the release of the asbestos fibres into the air • The asbestos fibres remain amazingly strong even in the form of microscopic dust particles which are one third the size of general dust • Asbestos fibres don’t evaporate in the air, dissolve in water, breakdown, they have no odour and humans have no natural detection systems • The fibres can be very aerodynamic, almost javelin or needle like, floating in the air on currents until settling or becoming trapped or being lodged in our lungs • When these microscopic asbestos fibres are present in the air, particularly in an occupied premises, there is a risk the fibres can be inhaled which is classed as excposure • The effects of inhaling asbestos fibres are irreversible and there are no medical cures for the terminal effects. Exposure is for LIFE and it doesn’t get better! • The asbestos fibres are so small, strong and chemically inert our lungs and surrounding organs have significant difficulty dealing with them • The effect is cancerous tumours damaging areas of the body beyond repair is magnified 5 times more likely for smokers who are exposed to asbestos • Damaging an Asbestos Containing Material (ACM) can release billions of microscopic fibres at any one time, and may continue to release fibres if left un-treated, therefore potentially exposing an excessive number of people. • This is a significant problem throughout the entire UK & Europe, as the latest statistics show that in the UK, more people die of exposure to asbestos than the national road accident statistics. • So what does ASBESTOS look like, what does it do to my lungs, what type of produces contain asbestos and what does the law say…..?
  4. 4. All pictures are significantly magnified for visibility Crocidolite Asbestos (Blue) Amphibole Fibre Group Amosite Asbestos (Brown) Amphibole Fibre Group Chrysotile Asbestos (White) Serpentine Fibre Group Actinolite Asbestos (Dark Green) Amphibole Fibre Group Tremolite Asbestos Anthophyllite Asbestos (Grey - Green) (Grey) Amphibole Fibre Group Amphibole Fibre Group
  5. 5. There are 5 main diseases directly related to Physical Effects of Asbestos in asbestos exposure. These are :- the Lungs Mesothelioma tumours of entire lung (1) Asbestosis (2) Mesothelioma (3) Lung Cancer (4) Pleural Plaques (5) Pleural Thickening Asbestos fibre in the lung Death Rates in UK Alone At present the official number of asbestos related diseases is estimated at 4,500 deaths per year in the UK Most experts believe this figure is actually between 10,000 and 12,000 Asbestos related diseases are currently the biggest occupational hazard, responsible for more deaths than any other hazard. Even after 24 years of management asbestos relating deaths are still increasing throughout the UK, calling for significant, unified regulations to reduce the risks of exposure and the number of people effected by asbestos
  6. 6. There are 6 main reasons why asbestos products Typical Industries; Sectors & were widely used. These were for :- Organisations effected by the use of asbestos : (1) Thermal Insulation (2) Electrical Insulation Health & Safety Industry (3) Strengthening Properties Construction industry Demolition industry (4) Chemical Resistance Refurbishment; regeneration and renovation industries Manufacturing sector (5) Acoustic Insulation Industrial sector (6) Condensation Protection Commercial sector Retail sector Any building fabric material or component being used for one of the Chemical & Mining industry above purposes could be liable to contain asbestos. Energy generation & supplies Asbestos has always provided the most suitable option for any of the Facilities management sector above requirements, and therefore asbestos has been widely used as Building professionals (architects, surveyors etc) the best product available at the time. Trade unions We particularly encourage caution to be exercised when operating or Central Government Ministries & Municipalities storing plant; equipment or objects relating to the use of ‘steam’ All publicly accessible buildings Military, Education, healthcare & transport sectors Museum sector for collections of historical objects
  7. 7. Sprayed Coatings on ceilings, Walls, Beams and columns Floor tiles, textiles and composites Textured Coating Asbestos Cement Products Lagging Loose Asbestos in ceilings and floor cavities Asbestos Insulating board
  8. 8. PRODUCT TYPE RISK COMMON PRODUCT TYPE RISK COMMON RATE % OF RATE % OF ASBESTOS ASBESTOS Resins; Mastics & Adhesives LOW 5% Low density Insulation boards HIGH 16-40% Sprayed Asbestos HIGH 55-85% Toilet cisterns & seats; window seals etc LOW 1-10% Gaskets; brake & clutch plates HIGH 70 -90% Reinforced PVC, Plastics & composites LOW 1-10% Mill Boards HIGH 37-97% Roofing Felts; damp proof course etc LOW 8% Loose filled or packed Asbestos HIGH 100% Decorative Finishes & Artex LOW 3-5% Woven Textiles; Ropes & Blankets HIGH 100% Corrugated Asbestos Cement LOW 5-10% Paper; Felt and Cardboard HIGH 100% Vinyl & Thermoplastic Floor Tiles MEDIUM 2-25% Pipe & Boiler Lagging HIGH 6-100% Asbestos Cement sheets MEDIUM 10-25% Asbestos Mattresses and Packing HIGH 100% Asbestos Insulating Board HIGH 15-40%
  9. 9. The Regulation summaries detailed below and all other regulations under the Regulation on the Health & safety Measures in Working with Asbestos, became effective in Turkey on 15th April 2006 and if drafted in line with EU Directives. Regulation 1 – Purpose of these Regulation The purpose of this regulation is to prevent employees being exposed to asbestos, and protect against the health risks associated with exposure. As well as define the measures that will be taken to manage asbestos risks. Regulation 2 – Scope of these Regulations This regulation applies for all works and workplaces in where exposure to asbestos is possible, and for all works with Asbestos Containing Materials (ACMs) Regulation 3 - Grounds of these Regulations These regulations are prepared in accordance with Article 78 of the Labour Law 4857, and is enforced by the Minitstry of Labour & Social Security. Regulation 4 – Definitions This regulation states that the regulations apply to all 6 types of asbestos fibre, and provides their classification identifications Regulation 5 – Risk Assessment This regulation states that an employer is obligated to conduct a Risk Assessment (or Survey Inspection) for all works that are liable to expose employees to asbestos fibres. The Risk Assessment (or Survey Inspection) should consider the potential level of exposure to asbestos, which asbestos fibre type the employee may be exposed to, and the official product form the asbestos fibres are contained in. Regulation 6 – Notification This regulation states that the employer is obligated to notify the workplace within this scope to the Ministry of Labour & Social Security before starting work. Certain minimal requirements are necessary for the notification which must be carefully assessed by professional consultants
  10. 10. Regulation 7 – Prohibition on Use of asbestos The ‘use’ of asbestos in the form of Sprayed; Thermal or Acoustic Insulation is prohibited under these regulations. In addition the marketing of asbestos, discovering asbestos; producing asbestos and exposing people to asbestos are also prohibited under these regulations The works for removing Asbestos Containing Materials (ACMs) are excluded from the above prohibitions Regulation 8 – Preventing of exceeding the Limit Values This regulation details the measures that must be taken to ensure that works do not exceed the ‘Limit Value’ at any stage. This regulation does not apply to the mining industry Regulation 9 – Asbestos Measurements This regulation details the requirements regular measurement of asbestos fibre in the working environment, along with sample taking by qualified personnel, air montoring, health record surveillance, and air borne fibre counting techniques and methods Regulation 10 – Limit Value The employer shall ensure that the Time Weighted Average (TWA) of asbestos concentrations that employees are exposed to should be less than 0.1 fibre/cm3 over a 4 hour continuous period Regulation 11 – Exceeding the Limit Value This regulation details the measures that must be taken if the Limit Value is exceeded at any stage, and the controls that must be taken prior to resuming work. Regulation 12 – Demolition, Maintenance & Repair Works This regulation state that before the employer commences any demolition, maintenance or repair works, the employer shall perform the works by getting information from the building owner or facilities manage, in order to define the location and condition of all Asbestos Containing Materials (ACMs) in the premises. This regulation also states that is there is any doubt as to whether asbestos is present or not, it should be presumed to be present and the regulations applied until analysis confirms otherwise.
  11. 11. Regulation 13 – Demolition & Removal Works This regulation states that the demolition, removal, demounting, maintenance and repair works in which the Limit Value may be exceeded despite technical measures; specific measures will apply to the employer before commencing back to work. Regulation 14 – Business Plan This regulation states that before the construction or demolition of a building; structure; workshop; plant or other facility as well as ships containing asbestos, a working schedule (method statement) shall be conducted. This regulation also defines some of the minimal requirements necessary for a Business Plan. Regulation 15 – Training This regulation states that the employer is obligated to provide suitable, sufficient and proper training to all employees who may be exposed to asbestos. This regulation also details some on the minimal requirements for training provision. Regulation 16 – Conduct of removal work by the experts This regulation states that the removal of asbestos shall be conducted by skilled personnel having the required experience in this field This information is only designed to provide a brief overview on the most significant regulations currently in place in Turkey. Additional regulations are in place relating top asbestos, however more information can be provided on these if required. Specialist assistance is always recommended when attempting to fulfil these stringent regulations, contact details of professional asbestos consultants will be provided at the end of this presentation
  12. 12. The Control of Asbestos 2006 regulations were introduced on 13th November 2006 – Prosecutions, like those listed below were found guilty under the previous regulations The Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002 which were in place prior to the 13th November 2006, it simply took 3 years to conclude the cases !!! prosecution of two companies in Essex North Tyneside Council today pleaded guilty After workers in their employment were to five breaches of the Control of Asbestos exposed to asbestos containing materials. at Work Regulations 2002. It was fined 2002. R Maskell Ltd of Loughton, Essex was £17,005 and ordered to pay £3,911 costs at 17, fined £150,000 with costs of £30,000 at North Tyneside Magistrates’ Court, for Ipswich Crown Court today (6th August). breach of : The company pleaded guilty to Section 2.1 1. Regulation 4 imposes a duty on the employer of the Health and Safety at Work etc Act to identify the type of asbestos before any 1974 and Regulation 18 of the work is carried out. Construction (Health, Safety and 2. Regulation 6 imposes a duty on the employer to Welfare) Regulations 1996. notify the enforcing authority of any work LCH Contracts Ltd of Great Burstead, with asbestos. Billericay, Essex was fined £70,000 and 3. Regulation 9 imposes a duty on the employer to costs of £13,821.00. The company ensure the proper use of control measures pleaded guilty to two Health and Safety and personal protection equipment. breaches of Regulation 15 of the 4. Regulation 10 imposes a duty on the employer Control of Asbestos at Work to ensure that any control measures or Regulations 2002 and Regulation 7 of equipment are properly maintained. the Control of Asbestos at Work Regulations 2002. 5. Regulation 13 imposes a duty on the employer to ensure the cleanliness of premises and plant where work takes place that is liable to result in exposure to asbestos.
  13. 13. The UK HSE launched an Asbestos Awareness Campaign ‘Asbestos –The Hidden Killer’ on the 13th October 2008 and will operate for 3 months throughout the UK. The campaign was aimed predominantly at tradesmen with-in the construction industry who are liable to be exposed to asbestos ‘Every week twenty tradesmen die from asbestos-related disease. If you are an electrician, plumber, heating and ventilation engineer, joiner, plasterer or work in any similar trade, you are likely to come across this hidden killer in your work – asbestos dust could kill you. A lot of buildings still contain asbestos materials - anywhere built or refurbished before the year 2000 is likely to contain asbestos and it is often in places where you can’t see it easily. You could be working where asbestos is present right now.’ Source
  14. 14. If you have any questions or would like further professional information Please contact: Mr. Kevin Graham Director of TEL: +44(0)1702 308438 MOB: +44(0)7736 887483 E-MAIL: