Fluency is the ability to read with automaticity, appropriate rate, good expression, and good comprehension .
Fluent reading results when the subskills are put together as an integrated whole. Performing subskills individually is not reading. Practice integrating the subskills as a whole is essential in the reading process.. You learn to read by reading.
THE READING PROCESS- THE READING BRAIN- FAST FOR WORD PROGRAM
Hearing affects the reading process- understanding phonics.
Auditory acuity- the ability to hear clearly and auditory discrimination-the ability to detect differences among sounds are essential in learning how to associate phonemes (individual speech sounds) with graphemes (printed symbols) for phonics instruction.
Visual- refer to specialist if you observe squinting, covering or closing one eye, frequent rubbing eyes, frequent errors when copying the board. Accommodations include- lighting, seating, auditory recordings, large print, oral reading, practice tracking with highlighting tape, pointers, index cards
Auditory- refer to specialist if you observe frowning when listening, frequent requests to repeat, turning head so one ear is toward speaker. Accommodations include-speak slowly and clearly, use adequate volume, seat child away from distractions, supplement reading lessons with visual aids
An approach in which teachers concentrate on providing both word recognition and comprehension strategy and skill instruction along with ample opportunities to read complete works of literature, to use reading materials to solve problems, and to explore nonfiction and fiction material.
Organized learning- whole-class, small-group, and individualized instruction
Use a variety of approaches to meet the needs of all learners