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Grammar reference unit 5
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Grammar reference unit 5


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  • 1. Grammar reference unit 5● Adverbs of frequency● Word order in questions● Can. Ability● Adverbs of manner
  • 2. Adverbs of frequency The most common adverbs of frequency are:never, sometimes, often, usually and always. We use these adverbs to express how often we do something. Advebs of frequency go before the main verb, but with the verb BE we place them after the verb.
  • 3. Adverbs of frequency In negative and questions we place the adverb of frequency before the main verb, except with the verb BE. How often is the question particle we use to ask for the frequency we do or not do something. Often is the only adverb that can be modified by very. In that case, we put the frequency expression at the end of the sentence.
  • 4. Word order in questions BE (question word) + am/is /are/was/were + subject + other words ? HAVE GOT (question word)+ have / has / had + subject + got + other words? OTHER VERBS (question word) + auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + other words? Auxiliary verbs include: do,does, did, am, is, are, was, were, can, could, etc. They can be followed by infinitive, gerund or past participle.
  • 5. Can. Ability Affirmative: subject + can + infinitive without to + other words. Negative: subject + cant/cannot + infinitive without to + other words. Interrogative: (question word) can + suject + infinitive without to + other words. Short answers: Yes, subject + can / No, subjet + cant.
  • 6. Can. Usage. We use the verb can to express the ability of doing something. We have to remember that can is a modal verb, and we dont have to add -s to the third person singular (he, she, it). Can is also used to express possibility and to ask for permission.
  • 7. Adverbs of manner Adverbs of manner are used to express how (the way) we do things. We place these type of adverbs at the end of the sentence.
  • 8. Adverbs of manner. Spelling rules. We form adverbs of manner by adding the suffix -ly to most adjectives. Adjectives ending in -ic add -ally. Adjectives ending in mute -e loose the -e and add -ly. Some adverbs are irregular: good – well fast – fast