Grammar reference unit 5● Adverbs of frequency● Word order in questions● Can. Ability● Adverbs of manner
Adverbs of frequency The most common adverbs of frequency are:never, sometimes, often, usually and always. We use these adverbs to express how often we do something. Advebs of frequency go before the main verb, but with the verb BE we place them after the verb.
Adverbs of frequency In negative and questions we place the adverb of frequency before the main verb, except with the verb BE. How often is the question particle we use to ask for the frequency we do or not do something. Often is the only adverb that can be modified by very. In that case, we put the frequency expression at the end of the sentence.
Word order in questions BE (question word) + am/is /are/was/were + subject + other words ? HAVE GOT (question word)+ have / has / had + subject + got + other words? OTHER VERBS (question word) + auxiliary verb + subject + main verb + other words? Auxiliary verbs include: do,does, did, am, is, are, was, were, can, could, etc. They can be followed by infinitive, gerund or past participle.
Can. Ability Affirmative: subject + can + infinitive without to + other words. Negative: subject + cant/cannot + infinitive without to + other words. Interrogative: (question word) can + suject + infinitive without to + other words. Short answers: Yes, subject + can / No, subjet + cant.
Can. Usage. We use the verb can to express the ability of doing something. We have to remember that can is a modal verb, and we dont have to add -s to the third person singular (he, she, it). Can is also used to express possibility and to ask for permission.
Adverbs of manner Adverbs of manner are used to express how (the way) we do things. We place these type of adverbs at the end of the sentence.
Adverbs of manner. Spelling rules. We form adverbs of manner by adding the suffix -ly to most adjectives. Adjectives ending in -ic add -ally. Adjectives ending in mute -e loose the -e and add -ly. Some adverbs are irregular: good – well fast – fast